Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | December 26, 2012

28. Hike the Bible – Peter of Capernaum 2

Peter strikes Malchus

Peter strikes Malchus
at Jesus’ arrest in the Garden of Gethsemane

Our virtual hike through Galilee has reached the ruins of Capernaum, the home base for Jesus’ ministry (Matthew 4:13).

Capernaum is mentioned 16 times in the Gospels and was the site for much of His teaching and many of His miracles. Matthew calls Capernaum Jesus’ “own city.” (Matthew 9:1; Mark 2:1)

This is the second of several blog posts on Capernaum’s most famous homeowner, the Apostle Peter (Mark 1:21,29), leader of the disciples. The previous post introduced Peter and reviewed the miracles of Jesus with which Peter was personally involved.

Peter is by far the most dominant personage among Jesus’ disciples in the New Testament record of Jesus’ life. He is often called Simon because this was his name before meeting Jesus. Jesus changed his name to Cephas or Peter meaning rock (Mark 3:16; Matthew 16:17; John 1:42). Yet in the Gospels Jesus almost always called him Simon.

Peter was a leader and spokesman for Jesus’ disciples. He is known for his initiative and for speaking his mind on multiple occasions. Here are examples from the Gospels of Peter’s words and works showing his leadership.

  1. Simon Peter led a hunt to find Jesus who had departed to an isolated location to pray. (Mark 1:35-39)
  2. Following the Bread of Life Discourse at Capernaum (John 6:26-65), many disciples abandoned Jesus. When Jesus asked the Twelve their intentions, Peter answered with an early confession of faith, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have words of eternal life. And we have believed and have come to know that You are the Holy One of God.” (John 6:68-69)
  3. Peter asked Jesus to explain a parable. (Matthew 15:10-20)
  4. At Caesarea Philippi when Jesus asked, “Who do you say that I am?“, Peter answered with his famous confession of faith, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.” (Matthew 16:13-16)
  5. When Jesus was teaching His disciples about His death and resurrection, Peter objected and rebuked Him saying, “God forbid it, Lord! This shall never happen to You.” (Matthew 16:21-23; Mark 8:31-33)
  6. At the Transfiguration, Peter, waking from sleep, suggested building 3 tabernacles for Jesus, Moses, and Elijah. Peter was so terrified, he did not know what to say, and simply blurted out the first thing that came to mind, not realizing what he was saying. (Mark 9:2-9; Luke 9:28-36; Matt 17:1-9)
  7. Peter asked Jesus if seven times was enough to forgive someone. Jesus’ reply surely stunned Peter: “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.” (490 times!) (Matthew 18:21-22)
  8. Peter asked Jesus if a parable on being ready for His return was addressed to the disciples or to people in general. (Luke 12:35-41)
  9. Peter asked Jesus what the disciples’ reward would be since they had left everything to follow Him. (Matthew 19:27-30; Mark 10:28-31; Luke 18:28-30)
  10. Peter pointed out the withered fig tree that Jesus had cursed.
    (Mark 11:12-22)
  11. Peter questioned Jesus about when the Temple would be torn down, about the sign of His coming, and about the end of the age. (Mark 13:1-5; Matt 24:1-4)
  12. Jesus sent Peter and John to prepare His final Passover meal. (Luke 22:7-14)
  13. Peter at first refused to let Jesus wash his feet before the Last Supper: “Never shall You wash my feet!” When Jesus said, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me,” Peter eagerly acquiesced: “Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.” (John 13:6-17)
  14. Peter took the initiative at the Last Supper when the other disciples were confused by Jesus’ comment, “One of you will betray Me.” Peter pursued the matter by urging John to find out who He meant. (John 13:21-30)
  15. At the Last Supper when Jesus said, “Where I am going, you cannot come,” Peter was the one who followed up with “Lord, where are You going?” and “Lord, why can I not follow You right now? I will lay down my life for You.” (John 13:33-38)
  16. At the Last Supper when Jesus told Peter that he would deny Him three times, Peter kept insisting, “Even if I have to die with You, I will not deny You!
    (Mark 14:29-31; Matthew 26:33-35) Yet Peter did deny Jesus three times when questioned by onlookers as He followed Jesus at a distance after His arrest.
  17. One occasion when Peter was speechless was in the Garden of Gethsemane. Jesus rebuked him for falling asleep while Jesus was praying.
    (Matthew 26:36-45; Mark 14:33-41)
  18. At Jesus’ arrest in the Garden of Gethsemane, Peter instigated an armed resistance by cutting off the right ear of Malchus, a slave of the high priest. Jesus immediately healed the wound and quashed the resistance saying, “Put the sword into the sheath; for all those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword. Or do you think that I cannot appeal to My Father, and He will at once put at My disposal more than twelve legions of angels? How then shall the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must happen this way? The cup which the Father has given Me, shall I not drink it?” (Luke 22:49-51; John 18:10-11; Matthew 26:51-54; Mark 14:47)
  19. Three times Peter affirmed his love for the risen Lord Jesus at breakfast at the Sea of Galilee: “Lord, You know all things. You know that I love You.
    (John 21:15-17)
  20. Peter stuck his nose into John’s business by asking, “Lord, and what about this man?” (John 21:20-23)

The next blog post will discuss examples of Peter’s leadership from Acts.

Read the prequel in this sub-series on the life and work of Simon Peter of Capernaum:
27. Hike the Bible – Peter of Capernaum 1
Read the sequel:
29. Hike the Bible – Peter of Capernaum 3 – Heals lame man (with videos)

Soli Deo Gloria.

The Hike the Bible series is currently covering points of interest along two hiking trails through Galilee, the 40-mile Jesus Trail and the 39-mile Gospel Trail. These two trails re-create possible routes Jesus likely traversed during His sojourns in Galilee.

This is the twenty-eighth installment in the Hike the Bible series reviewing major hiking trails in the Lands of the Bible.
Read the prequels:
1. Hike the Bible – Jesus Trail (with video)
2. Hike the Bible – Gospel Trail (with video)
3. Hike the Bible – Jesus Trail vs. Gospel Trail
4. Hike the Bible – Nazareth
5. Hike the Bible – Zippori
6. Hike the Bible – Mash’had
7. Hike the Bible – Cana (with video)
8. Hike the Bible – Roman Road
9. Hike the Bible – Via Maris
10. Hike the Bible – Horns of Hattin
11. Hike the Bible – Sermon on the Mount
12. Hike the Bible – Arbel Cliffs
13. Hike the Bible – Magdala (with video)
14. Hike the Bible – Mary Magdalene
15. Hike the Bible – Mary Magdalene, Lady or Tramp?
16. Hike the Bible – Mary Magdalene & the Resurrection
17. Hike the Bible – Sea of Galilee
18. Hike the Bible – Jesus at the Sea of Galilee
19. Hike the Bible – Jesus at the Sea of Galilee 2
20. Hike the Bible – Jesus at the Sea of Galilee 3
21. Hike the Bible – Jesus Boat
Palestine Park
22. Hike the Bible – Why Capernaum?
23. Hike the Bible – Capernaum Archaeology
24. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum
25. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 2
26. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 3
27. Hike the Bible – Peter of Capernaum 1

Read the sequel:
29. Hike the Bible – Peter of Capernaum 3 – Heals lame man (with videos)

Bible-Science Guy logo

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith” (Jude 1:3)
Wednesday December 26, 2012 A.D.

Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness among the people. (Matthew 4:23)

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