Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | August 28, 2013

11. Evidence for God – Astronomy Quiz

Solar System

Design is inescapable. From a cell’s intricate molecular machinery to the large-scale structure of the universe with trillions of stars organized into clustered galaxies—everything shouts “Design.” Vast galaxy clusters are themselves organized into superclusters, the superclusters are tiered in “sheets” separated by vast voids, and the sheets are arrayed in “fields.”

From micro to macro, researchers find information-rich structures, minutely-detailed designs, and ever-increasing levels of complexity. Where did this all come from?

Organized complexity requires a Designer to produce it. The kind of information these designs contain can only come from an intelligent Agent. This is the Argument from Design. The prequels in this Evidence for God series have extensively discussed the Design Argument.

This Astronomy Quiz highlights interesting features of the universe. Some questions are easy; others are more difficult. Each of the 25 questions is worth 4 points. Two extra-credit bonus questions are each worth 5 points for a total possible score of 110.

Answers with comments on their significance for Creation/Evolutionism will appear in upcoming blogs:
Astronomy Quiz Answers 1,
Astronomy Quiz Answers 2,
Astronomy Quiz Answers 3.

Astronomy Quiz

1. If you weigh 150 lbs on earth, how much would you weigh on the moon?
a) 250 lbs
b) 150 lbs
c) 50 lbs
d) 25 lbs

2. What are the dark spots on the moon called?
a) Eyes
b) Maria
c) Bruises
d) Shadows

3. What planet was discovered almost 170 years ago and in 2011 completed its first orbit around the sun since its discovery?
a) Jupiter
b) Saturn
c) Uranus
d) Neptune
e) Pluto

4. Which planet rotates “backward” relative to the other planets?
a) Uranus
b) Venus
c) Mars
d) Jupiter
e) Neptune

Solar System Planets

Solar System Planets

The structure, beauty, and complexity of the universe shout strongly of a Creator.
(Planets appear above in their correct order of distance from the sun, their correct relative sizes, and their correct relative orbital distances.)

5. If the entire Solar System is scaled to the size of a penny, how far away is the nearest star?
a) 10 feet
b) 100 feet
c) 280 feet
d) 2.3 miles

6. How long does it take the earth to completely orbit the sun once?
a) 1 day
b) 1 week
c) 1 month
d) 1 year
e) 1 decade

7. How long does it take the earth to rotate once on its axis?
a) 1 day
b) 1 week
c) 1 month
d) 1 year
e) 1 decade

8. What is the primary cause of the ocean tides?
a) Sun
b) Moon
c) Earth’s core
d) Jupiter

Solar Eclipse (Oct 3, 2005)

9. What happens in a solar eclipse?

10. What happens in a lunar eclipse?

11. What is a Supermoon?

12. T or F: The earth’s atmosphere is mostly oxygen.

13. The diameter of Mars is about
a) twice
b) the same as
c) half
the diameter of the earth.

14. How many earths would fit across the face of Jupiter?
a) 5
b) 11
c) 53
d) 101

15. The planet with the most moons in the Solar System is Jupiter. How many moons does Jupiter have?
a) 4
b) 17
c) 29
d) 42
e) 67

16. T or F: The most volcanically active object in the Solar System is a moon.

17. Which planet has a “day” that is longer than its “year”?
a) Mercury
b) Venus
c) Mars
d) Pluto
e) Saturn

18. After the sun, what is the nearest visible star to the earth?
a) Polaris
b) Sirius
c) Proxima Centauri
d) Alpha Centauri
e) Canopus

19. T or F: Polaris, the North Star, is the brightest star in the night sky.

20. T or F: A “shooting star” is a star falling through space.

21. T or F: Microscopium is the name of a constellation.

22. How many stars are in our Milky Way galaxy?
a) 1 million
b) 10 million
c) 100 million
d) 100 billion

23. How many galaxies are there?
a) 1,000
b) 10 million
c) 100 million
d) 100 billion

24. Why is summer warmer than winter?

25. Why is Venus called both the Evening Star and the Morning Star?

Extra-Credit Bonus Questions

26. Year, Month, and Day all have definitions related to astronomy. Where do we get the idea of a Week? What is its astronomical definition?

27. In colloquial speech, “once in a blue moon” refers to a rare event. What is a blue moon?

End of Quiz

Questions to Ponder
  1. Do the heavens declare the glory of God to you? (Psalm 19:1)
  2. Why do believers give so little thought and attention to astronomy, thereby neglecting one of the most astonishing and glorious aspects of God’s creation?
Want More Astronomy?

For more from the BibleScienceGuy on astronomy, click Astronomy Articles.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the eleventh article in the Evidence for God series that discusses the question,
“Is There Evidence for God?”
Read the prequels:
1. Evidence for God – Can You Answer a 6th-Grader?
2. Evidence for God – Design
3. Evidence for God – Experience
4. Evidence for God – Can You Prove God Exists?
5. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – Simple
6. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – Logical
7. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – Biblical
8. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – Old Testament
9. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – New Testament
10. Evidence for God – Stephen King & the Argument from Design

Read the sequel:
12. Evidence for God – Astronomy Quiz Answers 1

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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday August 28, 2013 A.D.

O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is Thy name in all the earth, Who hast displayed Thy splendor above the heavens! … When I consider Thy heavens, the work of Thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which Thou hast ordained; what is man, that Thou dost take thought of him? And the son of man, that Thou dost care for him? Yet Thou hast made him a little lower than God, and dost crown him with glory and majesty! (Psalm 8:1,3-5)

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Responses

  1. If the solar system was designed, why do the objects in it keep slamming into each other? Look at the moon, it’s completely covered with impact craters. The largest impact craters on earth are around a hundred miles across. We also have lots of pictures of galaxies colliding. Hardly the clockwork motions we would expect if it was all designed the way we would design an intricate machine.

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    • Thanks for reading and commenting.

      We do not see the solar system as it was originally designed. We only see it as it appears following Adam’s fall into sin and the subsequent cursing of all creation by the Lord God. (Genesis 3:14-19; Romans 8:18-23) But the broken world that we see still bears unmistakeable marks of design, just as a broken, discarded bureau on the street shows clear indications of design, despite being in less than its original pristine state.

      Yes, the moon is covered with craters. But your interpretation of those craters as inept design arises from your assumption that they came from random slams by other celestial objects. Thumbprint jelly cookies have craters by design; peanut butter cookies have crevasses by design. In each case, a later observer with no recorded history might assume the cookies were severely damaged when in fact the shapes were planned. Bread dough is vigorously slammed around for good reason. Yes, these are homely examples. But the point is, human perspective is too narrow to be able to assert that some parts of this system are going haywire, so therefore it was not designed.

      The photos which some identify as galaxies colliding are images of objects many light-years away. It is pure speculation as to what is happening in those pictures. A youngster in the vicinity of childbirth thinks something horrible is happening to his mother; he does not have the perspective to grasp the genius and grandeur of a new life becoming visible and the joy it will bring his mother.

      Astronomers make dogmatic proclamations which reflect the current state of their assumptions and unproven theories. The proportion of rank speculation in these pronouncements is staggering. To sweepingly receive such a body of imaginative speculation as fact would be tolerated in few other fields of science.

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  2. Good quiz!
    As soon as answers posted, I’ll find out how many I got wrong — hopefully not too many. 🙂
    The heavens do indeed shout forth the glory of God.

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