Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | September 4, 2013

12. Evidence for God – Astronomy Quiz Answers 1

EarthRise

Earth Rise from the Moon
It is He who sits above the circle of the earth.(Isaiah 40:22)

Design is inescapable. From a cell’s intricate molecular machinery to the large-scale structure of the universe with trillions of stars organized into clustered galaxies—everything shouts “Design.”

Last week’s Astronomy Quiz highlighted interesting features of the universe. Below are the answers (in red) to the first 10 questions.

If you haven’t taken the Astronomy Quiz yet, then I suggest you take it before looking at the answers below.

The remaining Quiz Questions will be answered in these sequels:
Astronomy Quiz Answers 2 and
Astronomy Quiz Answers 3.

Each of these first 10 questions is worth 4 points for a maximum of 40 points. Tally your score and save it to add to subsequent scores for the next two groups of questions to see what kind of astronomer you are.

Astronomy Quiz Answers 1–10

1. If you weigh 150 lbs on earth, how much would you weigh on the moon?
a) 250 lbs
b) 150 lbs
c) 50 lbs
d) 25 lbs
The mass of the moon is 1/6 that of the earth. Therefore your weight on the moon is 1/6 of your weight on Earth.

2. What are the dark spots on the moon called?
a) Eyes
b) Maria
c) Bruises
d) Shadows
Maria means seas in Latin. The dark spots were once thought to be seas.

Neptune

Neptune

3. What planet was discovered almost 170 years ago and in 2011 completed its first orbit around the sun since its discovery?
a) Jupiter
b) Saturn
c) Uranus
d) Neptune
e) Pluto
Neptune, named for the Roman god of the sea, is the eighth planet from the sun. Its astronomical symbol is a stylized trident, ♆. It was the first planet located through mathematical prediction instead of by observation. Astronomer Alexis Bouvard concluded that unexplained perturbations in Uranus’ orbit were caused by the gravitational pull of an unknown planet. Subsequently Johann Galle discovered the “unknown planet” (Neptune) on September 23, 1846 within one degree of the position predicted by mathematician Urbain Le Verrier. Neptune takes 164.79 years to orbit the sun.

4. Which planet rotates “backward” relative to the other planets?
a) Uranus
b) Venus
c) Mars
d) Jupiter
e) Neptune
All planets in the Solar System orbit the sun counter-clockwise when viewed from above the sun’s north pole. All planets except for Venus rotate counter-clockwise, but Venus rotates clockwise (called retrograde rotation) about its axis in the opposite direction from the rest of the planets. This fact creates insuperable difficulties for those who believe in an evolutionary development of the solar system. Evolutionary theories can’t account for inconsistent rotations among the planets. This is one of the difficulties with Big Bang theories.
But it’s not problematic for those who believe the Almighty spoke the worlds into existence and created the universe with tremendous diversity, beauty, and complexity.
By the word of the LORD the heavens were made, and by the breath of His mouth all their host…For He spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast.
(Psalm 33:6,9)

Solar System Planets

Solar System Planets

The structure, beauty, and complexity of the universe shout strongly of a Creator.
(Planets appear above in their correct order of distance from the sun, their correct relative sizes, and their correct relative orbital distances.)

5. If the entire Solar System is scaled to the size of a penny, how far away is the nearest star?
a) 10 feet
b) 100 feet
c) 280 feet
d) 2.3 miles

6. How long does it take the earth to completely orbit the sun once?
a) 1 day
b) 1 week
c) 1 month
d) 1 year
e) 1 decade

7. How long does it take the earth to rotate once on its axis?
a) 1 day
b) 1 week
c) 1 month
d) 1 year
e) 1 decade

8. What is the primary cause of the ocean tides?
a) Sun
b) Moon
c) Earth’s core
d) Jupiter

Annular Solar Eclipse
(October 3, 2005)

9. What happens in a solar eclipse?
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the earth and the sun in such a way as to block some or all of the sun’s light on the earth. The partial eclipse in the picture is called an annular eclipse. The moon is centered over the sun and blocks most of the sun except for a “ring of fire” around the moon; hence the term “annular.”

10. What happens in a lunar eclipse?
A lunar eclipse occurs when the earth passes between the sun and the moon in such a way as to block some or all of the sun’s light on the moon. It can only occur on the night of a full moon. Unlike a solar eclipse, no eye protection is needed to view a lunar eclipse.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What practical ways can we increase our awe, respect, and worship of God through appreciating His stupendous universe?
  2. Which is your favorite planet besides Earth? What intrigues you about that one?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Want More Astronomy?

For more from the BibleScienceGuy on astronomy, click Astronomy Articles.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the twelfth article in the Evidence for God series that discusses the question,
“Is There Evidence for God?”
Read the prequels:
1. Evidence for God – Can You Answer a 6th-Grader?
2. Evidence for God – Design
3. Evidence for God – Experience
4. Evidence for God – Can You Prove God Exists?
5. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – Simple
6. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – Logical
7. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – Biblical
8. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – Old Testament
9. Evidence for God – Design Is Best Argument for God – New Testament
10. Evidence for God – Stephen King & the Argument from Design
11. Evidence for God – Astronomy Quiz

Read the sequel:
13. Evidence for God – Astronomy Quiz Answers 2

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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday September 4, 2013 A.D.

O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is Thy name in all the earth, Who hast displayed Thy splendor above the heavens! … When I consider Thy heavens, the work of Thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which Thou hast ordained; what is man, that Thou dost take thought of him? And the son of man, that Thou dost care for him? Yet Thou hast made him a little lower than God, and dost crown him with glory and majesty! (Psalm 8:1,3-5)

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