Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | April 26, 2017

Science in the Bible – Thermodynamics

(3 Minute Read)

Memorial Stone for Rudolf Clausius
In front of Koszalin University of Technology,
with Clausius’ two Laws of Thermodynamics.
Koszalin, Poland
(Click to enlarge and read Polish plaque.)

The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics are fundamental physical laws of the universe.

The First Law of Thermodynamics, also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy, states that the sum total of matter and energy in the universe is constant. One form of energy or matter may be converted into another form, but the total quantity stays the same.

For example, trees convert sunlight (energy) into wood (matter) using photosynthesis. A campfire converts wood back into energy — heat and light. But the total sum of the matter and energy in the universe remains constant throughout these changes.

Neither matter nor energy can be created or destroyed, only transformed. The relationship between matter and energy is given by Einstein’s famous equation, E = mc2.

The Second Law of Thermodynamics, also known as the Law of Entropy, says that the universe is running down and increasing in disorder (entropy is a measure of disorder).

These laws of thermodynamics were first stated in the 1850’s by German mathematician and physicist Rudolf Clausius (1822–1888).

Interestingly, the Bible clearly hinted at both principles in common language thousands of years previously.

First Law of Thermodynamics in the Bible

Yahweh created matter and energy in the beginning:
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1) – Matter created.
God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light (Genesis 1:3) – Energy created.

Upon finishing Creation, Genesis reports
Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. (Genesis 2:1-2)

The Hebrew word for completed is kalah (כָּלָה, Strong’s 3615). It means “completed, finished, at an end.” The use of the past definite tense for the Hebrew verb indicates action completed in the past, never to occur again. Creation was finished and done. Matter and energy are no longer being created.

Speaking of the Son of God, Scripture says,
For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created through Him and for Him. He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together. (Colossians 1:16-17)
God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. (Hebrews 1:1-3)
These verses imply that matter cannot be destroyed because the Son of God holds all things together by His word.

These Biblical truths foreshadow the First Law of Thermodynamics which says that matter and energy cannot be created or destroyed. Creation is finished as Genesis says; it is preserved and held together as the New Testament says.

Second Law of Thermodynamics in the Bible

Of old You founded the earth,
And the heavens are the work of Your hands.
Even they will perish, but You endure;
And all of them will wear out like a garment;
Like clothing You will change them and they will be changed.
(Psalm 102:25-26)

You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth,
And the heavens are the works of Your hands;
They will perish, but You remain;
And they all will become old like a garment,
And like a mantle You will roll them up;
Like a garment they will also be changed.
But You are the same,
And Your years will not come to an end.
(Hebrews 1:10-12)

This universe-wide disintegration began with Yahweh’s curse following Adam’s sin:
Then to Adam He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat from it’;
Cursed is the ground because of you;
In toil you will eat of it
All the days of your life.
Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you;
And you will eat the plants of the field;
By the sweat of your face
You will eat bread,
Till you return to the ground,
Because from it you were taken;
For you are dust,
And to dust you shall return.”
(Genesis 3:17-19)

For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now. (Romans 8:20-22)

The Bible teaches that the universe is deteriorating and running down. This foreshadows the Second Law of Thermodynamics which was discovered less than two centuries ago. The Bible’s teachings on this were written by Moses 3500 years ago, by the Psalmist 3000 years ago, and by the Apostle Paul 2000 years ago.

In contrast, the theory of evolution directly contradicts the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Evolutionary theory says things are increasing in complexity and order. The Second Law and the Bible say things are running down and becoming more disorderly. Which one is right? Which one coheres with experience?

Science Catches Up to the Bible

The Bible alludes to two fundamental physical principles — matter and energy are not being created or destroyed, and the universe is running down. Thousands of years before today’s scientists formulated the First & Second Laws of Thermodynamics, the Bible pointed to these truths.

Although the Bible is not primarily a science textbook, it does hint at many scientific truths like these and like those mentioned in this Science in the Bible series, truths that long pre-date their discovery by today’s scientists. This is strong evidence of divine authorship of the Bible.

Questions to Ponder
  1. If the matter and energy in the universe always remains a constant sum, how does that pose a challenge for evolutionists?
  2. Which do you personally observe — things increasing in complexity and order, or things running down and becoming more disorderly?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the tenth in the Science in the Bible series of blog posts. While there is much science connected with Creation and Noah’s Flood, this series will focus on lesser known scientific truths that were alluded to in the Bible long before they were known to scientists.
Read the prequels:
1. Science in the Bible – Blood
2. Science in the Bible – Ocean Currents
3. Science in the Bible – Undersea Mountains
4. Science in the Bible – Ocean Reservoirs
5. Science in the Bible – Good Medicine
6. Science in the Bible – Round Earth
7. Science in the Bible – Don’t Marry Kin
8. Science in the Bible – Fearfully and Wonderfully Made
9. Science in the Bible – Hanging Earth

Read the sequel:
11. Science in the Bible – ??? coming soon…

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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday April 26, 2017 A.D.

Thy word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path. (Psalm 119:105)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | April 19, 2017

Bible-Science Conferences

(2 Minute Read)

Dr. Nathaniel Jeanson
AiG researcher & conf speaker

Where can you find answers to questions like these?
• How do dinosaurs fit in with the Bible?
• How could all the different people groups have descended from only one couple, Adam and Eve?
• Isn’t evolution settled science? How could Genesis be relevant today?
• Is radioactive dating valid?
• Was there really a worldwide flood? How long ago?
• Where does the Ice Age fit in Biblical history?
• Could the human body really have evolved?
• Does the existence of species prove evolution?
• What are the Biblical and scientific problems with the Big Bang?
• How can the theory of evolution be realistically challenged?

These questions and many others will be discussed at two free conferences Friday April 28 – Monday May 1, 2017 sponsored by the Institute for Creation Research and Answers in Genesis.

Many people do not have a Biblical worldview because of our culture’s evolutionary influence and because of not having been taught the foundational truths of Genesis. These conferences will help rectify this, as the speakers will proclaim the truth and authority of Scripture — even the literal truth of Genesis.

ICR Back to Genesis Conference, Fri – Sun, April 28-30

The Institute for Creation Research is holding a Back to Genesis Conference at St. Peter’s Lutheran Church in Big Rapids, Michigan on Friday April 28 – Sunday April 30, 2017. The theme of the conference is Exploring the Science of Creation with particular attention given to Human Design, Dinosaurs, Noah’s Flood, and the Ice Age.

Dr. Randy Guliuzza
ICR conference speaker

The conference speakers are medical doctor and professional engineer Dr. Randy Guliuzza, geologist Dr. Tim Clarey, and physicist Dr. Jake Hebert. Guliuzza earned his M.D. from the University of Minnesota. Clarey earned his Ph.D. in geology from Western Michigan University. Hebert earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Texas at Dallas.

ICR Conf: Schedule of Talks

Friday, April 28
6:45 p.m. Back to Genesis (Guliuzza)
7:50 p.m. Dinosaurs: Marvels of God’s Creation (Clarey)
Saturday, April 29
9:10 a.m. What You Haven’t Been Told About Radioisotope Dating (Hebert)
10:00 a.m. Made in His Image: Examining the Complexities of the Human Body (Guliuzza)
11:10 a.m. Creation Basics: a Recent Global Flood (Clarey)
1:00 p.m. The Mystery of the Ice Age (Hebert)
2:15 p.m. 5 Minutes with a Darwinist (Guliuzza)
3:00 p.m. Q & A with Speakers
Sunday, April 30
8:30 a.m. Christ’s Wisdom as Seen in Our Hands (Guliuzza)
11:00 a.m. Christ’s Wisdom as Seen in Our Hands (Guliuzza)
4:00 p.m. The Big Bang is Broken (Hebert)
5:00 p.m. Continuous Environmental Tracking: a New Model for Explaining Adaptation (Guliuzza)
6:30 p.m. Q & A with Speakers

Pre-register here for this free conference.

Here is the location and contact information for this free ICR Back to Genesis Conference:
St. Peter’s Lutheran Church
408 W. Bellevue St.
Big Rapids, MI. 49307
231-796-6684

Answers in Genesis Conference, Sun – Mon, April 30 – May 1

Answers in Genesis and St. Peter Lutheran Church in St. Johns, Michigan, are co-sponsoring a free conference on Sunday April 30 and Monday May 1.

The conference speakers are research biologist Dr. Nathaniel Jeanson and AiG speaker, writer, and researcher Bodie Hodge. Jeanson earned his Ph.D. in Cell and Developmental Biology from Harvard University. Hodge earned his Master’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.

AiG Conf: Schedule of Talks

Sunday, April 30
4:00 p.m. Creation vs. Evolution: Is Genesis Relevant? (Hodge)
6:00 p.m. The 7 C’s of History (Jeanson)
7:30 p.m. Dinosaurs and the Bible (Jeanson)
Monday, May 1
9:30 a.m. Dinosaurs, Dragons, and the Bible! (Hodge, Grades K-6)
6:00 p.m. Does Genetics Disprove Adam and Eve? (Jeanson)
7:30 p.m. Challenges to Evolution (Jeanson)

Bodie Hodge
AiG researcher & conf speaker

The conference is FREE, but space is limited. To ensure a seat, pre-register here.

Here is the location and contact information for the conference:
St. Peter Lutheran Church
8990 Church Rd.
St. Johns, MI 48879
989-224-3178
church@stpeterriley.org

Conferences

To find ICR conferences or events near you, click ICR Event Map & List.

To find Answers in Genesis conferences or events near you, click AiG Event Calendar.

I have been to many Answers in Genesis conferences and many ICR Back to Genesis conferences, and they are always good. I plan to attend both of these conferences. If you come to one as well, look for me. I always enjoy meeting readers.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What Bible-Science question would you like to have answered at a conference?
  2. What can you do to encourage your own church to participate in conferences like these?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

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Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday April 19, 2017 A.D.

It is Yahweh who made the earth by His power, who established the world by His wisdom. By His understanding He stretched out the heavens. (Jeremiah 10:12)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | April 12, 2017

The Case for Christ, the Movie

(8 Minute Read)

An intriguing movie hits sixteen hundred theaters nationwide this month beginning on April 7. In order to save his marriage, an avowed atheist seeks to disprove the Resurrection with a rigorous detective-like investigation. But he is surprised by what his analysis uncovers.

The Case for Christ, the movie, is based on the true story of award-winning journalist Lee Strobel. He is a confident atheist who is determined to disprove his wife’s newfound Christian faith. He applies his well-honed investigative and legal skills to try to disprove the Resurrection of Jesus and thereby recover his wife. However, compelled by the hard evidence he finds and the reality of Christ in lives around him, he becomes a believer in Jesus Christ.

The movie stars Mike Vogel as Lee Strobel and Erika Christensen as his wife Leslie.

Lee Strobel was the hard-driving legal editor at the Chicago Tribune. The movie shows him using his journalistic skills and legal training in an attempt to debunk the keystone of Christianity, the Resurrection. When his determined atheism crashes against his wife’s growing Christian faith, he decides to save his strained marriage by showing the Resurrection was a hoax.

Commenting on the film, Strobel said, “The film gives the dramatic story behind the story of a man with personal animosity for Christianity who used journalistic and legal techniques to evaluate its claims. The Case for Christ takes audiences on an exciting journey from skepticism to belief.”

“It’s a little uncomfortable, to be honest, because it’s an honest film, and so the good, the bad, and the ugly are up there on the screen. I was not the most pleasant character around when I was a narcissistic, heavy-drinking, self-destructive, self-absorbed atheist, but that’s in the film, and that’s okay if it helps people. I hope that there’d be some skeptics out there who maybe start their own spiritual journey after seeing the movie.”
(Lee Strobel, Interview of Lee and Leslie Strobel by Warren Smith, April 7, 2017.)

The movie intertwines Strobel’s investigative work on the Resurrection with the story of his marriage struggles as told in the couple’s jointly-authored book Surviving a Spiritual Mismatch in Marriage.

The movie is based on Strobel’s best-selling 1998 book The Case for Christ: A Journalist’s Personal Investigation of the Evidence for Jesus which has sold over 14 million copies worldwide. The book focuses on 13 scholarly authorities that Strobel interviewed about the historical evidence for the Resurrection.

Mike Vogel plays journalist Lee Strobel in the Chicago Tribune newsroom

A good bit of the action takes place in the Chicago Tribune newsroom where Strobel is the legal editor. Across an entire wall is a sign that appears in many scenes:

“If your mother says she loves you, check it out.”

This theme of scrupulously checking everything out — investigative journalist as consummate fact checker — undergirds the whole story and is a thread running through all of the concerns and actions.

“Check It Out” is a Biblical principle as well. The Apostle Paul instructed the believers at Thessalonica to check it out:
But examine everything carefully; hold fast to that which is good. (1 Thess 5:21 NASB)

Dr. Luke, the author of the third Gospel, begins his account by saying he checked it out:
Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word, it seemed fitting for me as well, having investigated everything carefully from the beginning, to write it out for you in consecutive order, most excellent Theophilus; so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been taught. (Luke 1:1-4 NASB)

In the book of Acts, Dr. Luke praises the Bereans for checking out what Paul taught by comparing it with the Old Testament Scriptures:
The brethren immediately sent Paul and Silas away by night to Berea, and when they arrived, they went into the synagogue of the Jews. Now these were more noble-minded than those in Thessalonica, for they received the word with great eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so. Therefore many of them believed, along with a number of prominent Greek women and men. (Acts 17:10-12 NASB)

Strobel even runs his research like a detective investigator, setting up his own “situation room” with diagrams and interrelated notes and displays covering the walls and white boards.

Movie Trailer

Here is a trailer for The Case for Christ, the movie.

Movie Synopsis

When the Strobel’s daughter Alison is choking to death at a restaurant, nearby nurse Alfie Davis (L. Scott Caldwell) helps save the child. Davis had intended to go to another restaurant that night but changed her plans at the last minute. When Lee calls her presence “lucky,” Alfie cheerfully responds, “It’s not luck, it’s Jesus.” (See No Luck At All.)

Regarding Alfie’s help in the crisis, Leslie asks, “What if you hadn’t been there?” Alfie’s reply is gripping: “There is no ‘what if’ with God.”

Later Leslie asks Alfie “How can you be so sure?” Alfie says “Do you really WANT an answer to that?”

We particularly appreciated Alfie’s Socratic approach throughout her interaction with Lee and Leslie as the nurse amiably turned questions back on the questioner. Leslie accepts Alfie’s church invitation, and shortly atheist Lee Strobel finds himself married to a Christian.

Lee begins an intense pursuit of the truth about the Resurrection, hoping to prove it false and restore his wife to atheism. He interviews world-renowned experts in archaeology, history, theology, philosophy, psychology, and medicine with doctorates from schools like Cambridge, Princeton, and Brandeis.

Strobel challenges the experts with perceptive questions:
Are the New Testament manuscripts reliable?
Does evidence for Jesus exist outside the Bible?
Is there any reason to believe the Resurrection was a real event?

When Strobel tells one expert that the Resurrection account is more legend than history, the response is, “Nine ancient sources inside and outside Scripture testify to the historical nature of the Resurrection.”

Strobel experiences a parallel struggle on his paper’s crime beat that provides intriguing drama and suspense. Its outcome aids his analysis of his own position in the Resurrection investigation, as he realizes that his bias has led him to misinterpret evidence. When he apologized to a victim for misreporting a story and said, “I missed the truth,” the person answered, “You didn’t want to see it.” This changed Strobel’s view of the evidence for the Resurrection he had collected.

His mentor in the newsroom and fellow skeptic Ray Nelson (Brett Rice) said, “Even in disbelief you take a leap of faith.” This is a tremendously important point that most unbelievers completely overlook.

“Do you really want to know the truth,
or is your mind already made up,
regardless of the facts?”

-Philosopher William Lane Craig to Strobel

Strobel’s wife and daughter don’t know that he is digging into the Resurrection, but their love for him still impacts him. Leslie tells him, “I love you now more than I ever have. Ever since I accepted Jesus my love for you has only grown.” He replies that he doesn’t like “this version of us” and can’t see staying around forever with their different beliefs.

When Allison goes through a frightening experience and afterward tells her father, “We prayed and everything got better,” Lee is only annoyed by their expressions of faith.

Strobel can’t shake a particular note he made early in the case:
“500 witnesses saw Jesus after the resurrection.”
“Are the manuscripts reliable?” he wonders.

Regarding the reliability of the New Testament manuscripts, Strobel has an extended discussion with Father Marquez, an archaeologist-turned-priest. Marquez (a composite character played by Miguel Perez) says that we evaluate the NT manuscripts the same as any document. He briefly explains textual criticism: how many copies exist? And are the early copies generated close to the event?

He compares the New Testament to Homer’s Iliad which is the other best-evidenced manuscript in existence. The Iliad has an impressive 1565 copies, and yet the earliest copy we have is 1100 years after the original.

The archaeologist tells Strobel that the Greek NT has an astonishing 5893 copies; that number continues to haunt Strobel. He keeps flashing back to his sticky note: 5893 copies. Furthermore, the earliest copy of the Gospel of John came less than 30 years after the events it records. In contrast Sophocles–a document we have confidence in–has only 100 copies. Plato has seven copies. Aristotle has only five.

Strobel suggests to philosopher William Lane Craig (Rus Blackwell), “Maybe Jesus’ body was never there in the tomb?” Craig replies that the gospels specifically record that Jesus was properly buried.

Strobel points out that the witnesses were women and that was deemed unreliable in that day. Craig says that’s significant; it’s an element that someone would never make up. A manufactured story would never read that way. He says, “The disciples reported what happened and let the chips fall where they may.”

Strobel is concerned about contradictions, and he feels the Gospel accounts seem jumbled. For example, who exactly was at the tomb? Craig says these differences are not troubling, because the core of the story is the same. The police know if the details of witness accounts are too similar, then that’s suspect.

Craig asks Strobel gripping questions:
“Do you really want to know the truth, or is your mind already made up, regardless of the facts?”
“When is enough evidence ….enough evidence??”

Faye Dunaway plays psychology professor Dr. Roberta Waters who makes one of the most incisive points of the movie. Strobel asks her whether over 500 eyewitnesses could have jointly hallucinated in claiming to have seen the resurrected Jesus (1 Corinthians 15:6).

Dunaway’s agnostic psychologist stuns Strobel with, “That would have been an even bigger miracle than the Resurrection.” She assures Strobel that mass psychosis is simply not possible: “500 people can’t have the same dream.” Strobel has no answer for this agnostic professor’s expert opinion.

Strobel wonders if perhaps Jesus was only injured, did not die, and later recovered? He interviews physician and research scientist Dr. Alexander Metherell (Tom Nowicki), a medical doctor who has extensively studied the medical evidence. Metherell explains the physiology of crucifixion and the medical details of Jesus’ death. Medically, the swoon theory is rubbish.

Do I Recommend the Movie?

Yes, without reservation. My wife and I watched it on opening weekend and thoroughly enjoyed it. It’s one of the best faith-genre movies I’ve ever seen. The tension of the marriage relationship of a new believer with an adamant atheist made for a gripping story. The fact that it’s a true story makes it even more engaging.

Production values are excellent. It’s visually very satisfying and the acting is superb. The characters feel genuine, and their interactions feel authentic.

The movie did a good job weaving key points into dialogue throughout the movie. Instead of long preachy segments, it was mostly brief conversations to bring out the important points. Excellent story-telling kept the viewer engaged throughout the movie.

How does one turn a nonfiction book about evidence for Christianity into an absorbing, compelling film? Somehow the movie crew pulled it off.

I recommend the movie for Christians and non-Christians alike. It can stir hearts and prompt people to look into the Resurrection more thoroughly. The movie comes down solidly on the side of an authentic resurrection.

Is There Real Evidence for the Resurrection of Christ?

Two key areas of evidence: the empty tomb and the eyewitnesses. Only the Bible explains both these two key facts: the missing body and the eyewitnesses who said they saw Him alive. The explanation is that Jesus actually physically rose from the dead.

Did the disciples steal the body while the guards slept? This is what the Roman guards claimed as urged by the Jewish leaders who promised protection and money (Matthew 28:11-15). But how would the guards know who stole the body if they were asleep? Besides, Roman soldiers didn’t fall asleep on the job. They had a strong incentive to keep each other awake, because the penalty for sleeping was death.

Risen Crucifixion

Why is the death of Christ essential to the Gospel? It is by Christ’s death that God’s wrath is turned away from sinners who trust Christ (Romans 3:21-26).

Why is the Resurrection essential to the Gospel? Because it vindicated Christ’s claim to be the Son of God. Because it validated the efficacy of His sacrifice for sin — if the Resurrection did not occur, then we are still in our sins and subject to God’s wrath and judgment. Because it displayed Christ’s victory over death. (Romans 1:4; 4:25; 1 Corinthians 15:17-19,21-22)

Intriguingly, the Apostle Paul used Genesis to explain why Jesus died and the significance of His resurrection. Paul knew Genesis was a firm foundation for his theological explanation of the Gospel. (1 Corinthians 15:21-22,45-49)

Paul’s “died…buried…raised” sequence of 1 Corinthians 15:3-8 clearly teaches the Resurrection was literal and physical. The body that died by public execution was the same body that was buried by Joseph and Nicodemus. This same physical body that was buried is what Paul says was raised. This refutes the popular notion that the Resurrection was merely “spiritual” (whatever that means).

The significance of the burial is that it proved His actual death. Covered with 100 pounds of aromatic spices and bound head to toe in linen wrappings, Jesus was buried by two prominent members of the Jewish Sanhedrin: Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, called “the teacher of Israel” by Jesus. Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and other Galilean women witnessed the burial in Joseph’s own tomb. The tomb was closed with a massive stone, officially sealed, and guarded by soldiers.

Why didn’t the authorities just go to the tomb
and bring out the body? That’s all it would take
to disprove the Resurrection.

Jesus’ death was attested by both friends and enemies, including battle-hardened Roman soldiers who knew death when they saw it. In all history, these contemporaries are the people best qualified to evaluate whether Jesus actually died or not. At the time nobody had even the slightest doubt that He was dead. It was an accepted fact confirmed by the burial.

The significance of Jesus’ appearances to eyewitnesses is that they verified the Resurrection. In all, Scripture records at least 11 different appearances after the Resurrection, in at least 9 geographical locations spread over 150 miles. They began 3 days after the Crucifixion in Jerusalem, where He was crucified and buried. Jesus appeared to individuals, to groups, and even to a crowd of over 500. These were extended daylight interactions, not brief glimpses. Meals were shared, conversations developed, activities enjoyed. From personal encounters with the risen Christ, hundreds of people in all walks of life knew Jesus rose from the dead.

The tomb was empty. The disciples began preaching the Resurrection there in Jerusalem. Their message could not have been sustained for even an hour unless all parties accepted the empty tomb as fact. All it would take to extinguish Christianity at its inception would be for the Sanhedrin to look in the tomb and produce the body. How hard could it be to find the body from a public execution, buried by Jewish leaders before witnesses in a government-guarded tomb? This they could not do, because it was not there.

How hard could it be to find the body from a
public execution, buried by Jewish leaders before
witnesses in a government-guarded tomb?

The disciples changed from craven cowards evading authorities before the Resurrection to bold witnesses defying government suppression afterwards. Discouraged, dejected, despairing men were suddenly energized to ignite a revolution which encircled the globe; 2,000 years later it still impacts millions.

What so profoundly transformed them? These men, Jesus’ closest confidants, could not have been fooled about the Resurrection. They knew whether Jesus had been raised. Most died for their certainty that Jesus rose from the dead. Men do not die for what they think may be false. Remember how fast the Watergate conspiracy fell apart, everyone scrambling to save his skin.

Impossible?

Some object, “It’s scientifically impossible to rise from the dead!” Generally, yes, resurrection is highly unlikely. But Jesus was no ordinary man. Consider His words predicting death and resurrection. Consider His claims to be God and to be the Truth. Consider His faultless character and His miracles. Then the presumption switches from “unlikely” to “likely.” The real question is not, “Was it possible for Jesus to rise from the dead?” The real question is, “Was it possible for Jesus to remain dead?” Scripture says, “God raised Him up…since it was impossible for death to hold Him.” (Acts 2:24)

The reason many think “Impossible!” about the Resurrection instead of “Impossible!” about Non-Resurrection is that people evaluate evidence with sin-clouded minds. Worldview and personal morality determine explanations of Resurrection evidence, just as they determine interpretations of scientific evidence about origins. Resurrection was not what was impossible. Non-Resurrection was impossible. Christians should challenge skeptics to defend Non-Resurrection, instead of accepting the burden of proof to defend the Resurrection.

Grounded in History

The Christian faith is firmly grounded in history. The central events of the Christian faith, Christ’s Crucifixion and His bodily Resurrection, are well-attested facts of history that happened on this earth in the city of Jerusalem nearly 2000 years ago. This authenticity is crucial, for if either event did not happen, then Christianity is false and we are still in our sins (1 Corinthians 15:17-19). The Gospel by which we are saved is bedrocked on actual historical events.

Jesus said, “Because I live, you shall live also.” (John 14:19) True hope for the future is grounded on the Resurrection.

The Wager Everyone Makes

Every single human being wagers his eternal destiny on what he decides about Jesus of Nazareth. Is there a God or not? Did Jesus rise from the dead? Your answers to these questions determine your eternity. Choose wisely.

If Jesus is dead, then where is the body?

Questions to Ponder
  1. Do you have a Lee Strobel in your life — an unbeliever willing to take an honest look at the evidence for the Resurrection?
  2. How well will The Case for Christ movie reach people who are skeptical of Christianity?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read my other Movie Reviews:
The Genesis Code (with video)
Marilyn Monroe and the Age of the Earth
Mystery of Noah’s Flood (with videos)
God’s Not Dead, the Movie (with videos)
Noah, the Movie (with videos)
Exodus, the Movie (with video)
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts (with video)
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate
4. Patterns of Evidence: What Did Jesus Think?
5. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Does It Matter?
Risen, the Movie (with video)
Is Genesis History? The Movie (with video)

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday April 12, 2017 A.D.

Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came early to the tomb, while it was still dark, and saw the stone already taken away from the tomb. And so she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him.” Peter therefore went forth, and the other disciple, and they were going to the tomb. And the two were running together; and the other disciple ran ahead faster than Peter, and came to the tomb first; and stooping and looking in, he saw the linen wrappings lying there; but he did not go in. Simon Peter therefore also came, following him, and entered the tomb; and he beheld the linen wrappings lying there, and the face-cloth, which had been on His head, not lying with the linen wrappings, but rolled up in a place by itself. So the other disciple who had first come to the tomb entered then also, and he saw and believed. For as yet they did not understand the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead. (John 20:1-9 NASB)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | April 5, 2017

Science in the Bible – Hanging Earth

(2 Minute Read)

The Hindu Earth

Ancient peoples believed in a World Turtle or World Elephant or World Serpent that upheld the earth.

American Indians and Chinese believed the earth rested on the back of a giant turtle. Hindus of India believed the earth was supported by elephants standing on the back of a giant turtle.

Other ancient peoples believed that the earth was a flat disk resting on the back of a giant turtle that floated in a huge ocean. Others believed in “turtles all the way down,” with each supporting turtle standing on the back of a larger one.

The Mayans of Mexico believed the earth and sky were supported by four jaguars, a white one in the north, red in the east, yellow in the south, and black in the west.

In Norse mythology, a gigantic tree, called the World Tree or Yggdrasil, supported the earth.

None of the post-Flood ancients believed the earth hung in space without support. That was clearly an insane idea. Something had to hold up the earth.

Tower of Turtles

Except for the Hebrews — they believed Yahweh hung the earth floating in space without a visible means of support.

The book of Job in the Bible dates to around 2000 BC. It records this truth about the earth:

He stretches out the north over empty space
And hangs the earth on nothing.
(Job 26:7)

Hanging the earth on nothing in empty space was inconceivable 4,000 years ago. But today we know the Bible was right.

Throughout the Old Testament, Yahweh repeatedly identifies Himself as the Creator, the One Who made heaven and earth. He is the One Who hung the earth in space on nothing, the One Who stretched out the heavens, and the One Who created the stars to shine. He is worthy of every man’s allegiance and worship.

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)

The Lord by wisdom founded the earth,
By understanding He established the heavens.
(Proverbs 3:19)

Who has measured the waters in the hollow of His hand,
And marked off the heavens by the span,
And calculated the dust of the earth by the measure,
And weighed the mountains in a balance
And the hills in a pair of scales?
Do you not know? Have you not heard?
Has it not been declared to you from the beginning?
Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth?
It is He who sits above the circle of the earth,
And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers,
Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain
And spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.
(Isaiah 40:12, 21-22)

Thus says God the Lord,
He Who created the heavens and stretched them out,
He Who spread out the earth and that which comes out of it,
He Who gives breath to the people on it
And spirit to those who walk in it.
(Isaiah 42:5)

Science Catches Up to the Bible

The Bible reports that the Creator God hung the earth in space; it’s not based on a turtle or on an elephant or on anything else. Long before today’s scientists learned Earth is a globe hanging in space, some men knew this because the Bible taught it. Although the Bible is not primarily a science textbook, it does hint at many scientific truths like this one and like those mentioned in this Science in the Bible series, truths that long pre-date their discovery by today’s scientists. This is strong evidence of divine authorship of the Bible.

Questions to Ponder
  1. How do you think the various fanciful legends about the earth got started?
  2. How will you think differently about your life, knowing Yahweh’s hand continuously sustains earth’s position? (Colossians 1:17)
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the ninth in the Science in the Bible series of blog posts. While there is much science connected with Creation and Noah’s Flood, this series will focus on lesser known scientific truths that were alluded to in the Bible long before they were known to scientists.
Read the prequels:
1. Science in the Bible – Blood
2. Science in the Bible – Ocean Currents
3. Science in the Bible – Undersea Mountains
4. Science in the Bible – Ocean Reservoirs
5. Science in the Bible – Good Medicine
6. Science in the Bible – Round Earth
7. Science in the Bible – Don’t Marry Kin
8. Science in the Bible – Fearfully and Wonderfully Made

Read the sequel:
10. Science in the Bible – Thermodynamics

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Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday April 5, 2017 A.D.

Thy word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path. (Psalm 119:105)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | March 29, 2017

Kepler at a Truck Stop

(2 Minute Read)
Kepler

Kepler

Woof! Woof! This is Kepler again, Master’s Jack Russell terrier. I’m writing another article for Master’s blog.

Master is the BibleScienceGuy, and he has been encouraging me to write more. He says folks like the way I think and like to hear what I have to say.

Today I want to tell you about something you’ve never heard a dog talk about before. I want to learn how to drive our RV! But first I want to tell you about the truck stop where I got the idea.

My Favorite Truck Stop

Master and Missus and I all like this truck stop. They like it because it has a Popeye’s Chicken restaurant where they enjoy spicy Cajun chicken. In addition to sometimes getting some chicken scraps and tasty skin, I like this place for two more reasons.

First, it is memorable because we stopped at this place on the way to my new home after Master first picked me up from my breeder as a present for Missus. I’m the oldest of my litter, and I was the first to leave. My brother Finn who was born next now lives in Poland with another breeder. He is busy siring prize litters as fast as he can. He joined a pack of Jack Russell terriers that hunt deer and boars. My sister Callie went to another home as a pet.

Second, on that stop on the way to my new home when I was only four months old, Master and Missus ate outside at a picnic table to keep me company. A truck driver with a take-out dinner from the adjacent restaurant noticed me and stopped to visit with me. He opened his take-out box, cut a strip off his juicy steak, and gave it to me. I was thrilled. It’s the best and largest treat I have ever gotten. I LOVE truck drivers.

Later Master told me this unexpected special treat was an example of Yahweh’s care and provision for me as described in this Psalm:
They all wait for You
To give them their food in due season.
You give to them, they gather it up;
You open Your hand, they are satisfied with good.
(Psalm 104:27-28)

Mr. Dog Drives Truck
Click to enlarge to see dog driving
an 18-wheeler at a truck stop.

I Want to Drive!

I got the idea to learn how to drive when we stopped at this favorite truck stop of ours on a recent trip. I saw a dog driving a huge 18-wheeler! That dog didn’t look any smarter than I am. I thought to myself, “If that dog can drive, then so can I! Not a problem.”

Here’s a picture. Click the picture to enlarge it to see Mr. Dog in the driver’s seat of the 18-wheeler. He’s just pulling it in to the gas pumps. He made his owner get out to gas it up. I noticed the owner took the keys, so Mr. Dog couldn’t drive off by himself.

I pulled Master over to the truck and asked him to teach me to drive it. He said, “We’ll see.” That usually means “No,” but I’ll work on him.

Master could teach me to drive just like he taught me how to use a computer to write my articles. Master could sleep while I drive our RV. We could cover a lot more ground that way . . . and go to more pet stores.

Later Master said he could teach me, but it would be up to me to pass the driving test for my license. I need to have a legal license before Master will let me drive on the highway. I can hardly wait to get my driver’s license with my handsome picture. Maybe it will look even better than my business card.

I don’t think it’s hard to drive. You press the skinny pedal to go fast and the other pedal to slow down. You turn with the round thingy. How hard can that be? I’m ready for my test!

So that’s how things look from the Dog House!
Till next time, this is Kepler signing off. Woof! Woof!

Questions to Ponder
  1. Every creature glorifies its Creator. How do your pets glorify the Creator?
  2. Jesus directed attention to the birds of the air as a vivid illustration of God’s faithful care over His creatures (Matthew 6:25-26). How can pets help us trust the Lord?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the 16th article in a series of blog posts on our Jack Russell terrier Kepler. Numbers 1-8 are by Master. Numbers 9-16 are by Kepler.
Read the prequels:
1. Why I Named Our Puppy “Kepler”
2. Kepler’s Kind
3. Kepler’s Lopsided Trade
4. Kepler’s Amazing Nose
5. Kepler’s Business Card
6. Kepler & the Psycho Squirrel
(with video)
7. Taunting Kepler
8. Adam and Puppies

The following posts are by Kepler:
9. Who Taught Kepler?
10. Kepler Gets a Buddy
(with video)
11. Kepler Chases a Squirrel
12. Kepler’s Complaint
13. Kepler’s To-Do List
14. Kepler and the Football Weekend
15. Kepler’s Favorite Store

Read the sequel:
17. How Things Look from the Dog House coming soon . . .

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Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday March 29, 2017 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | March 22, 2017

Science in the Bible – Fearfully and Wonderfully Made

(2 Minute Read)

The most complex computer ever made has over 100 billion miniature processors that communicate instructions to 100 trillion units. On average it takes about nine months to build one of these computers, but on occasion it’s done in less than six months.

How complex is this computer? It is far more sophisticated than the entire Internet with all its connected computers and servers.

This supercomputer can use logical reasoning and creativity to solve problems. It can even design other special use computers for specific tasks. It is used to design tools, to create art and music, and to facilitate athletic feats. It can learn and adapt to new information and conditions.

Astonishingly, a new one of these computers is formed every few seconds!

These computers are actually quite common. Every one of us uses one every day. They are relatively small, weighing only about three pounds.

What is it?

This complex computer that I’ve briefly described is the human brain. It has 100 billion neurons which communicate with 100 trillion cells in the human body. Neurons communicate using chemical and electrical signals. Messages from the foot to the brain travel at 150 miles per hour through the neural network. Messages speed from the hand to brain at over 200 miles per hour.

Scripture alludes to the mysterious complexity of the human body. The brain is just one amazing organ that the Creator designed for mankind’s benefit.


For You formed my inward parts;
You wove me in my mother’s womb.
I will give thanks to You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made;
Wonderful are Your works,
And my soul knows it very well.
My frame was not hidden from You,
When I was made in secret,
And skillfully wrought in the depths of the earth;
Your eyes have seen my unformed substance;
And in Your book were all written
The days that were ordained for me,
When as yet there was not one of them.

(Psalm 139:14-16 NASB)

Scripture tells us that Yahweh formed the brain, one of man’s inward parts. It is certainly fearfully and wonderfully made!

Everyone recognizes that it took great intelligence of many people to develop the computer systems we use today. Yet none are nearly as sophisticated as the human brain. Is it reasonable to believe that the most complex entity known to man came about through chance evolution?

The Bible gives a clear and explicit answer to this question:
Know that the Lord Himself is God;
It is He who has made us, and not we ourselves;
We are His people and the sheep of His pasture.
(Psalm 100:3 NASB)

Mankind, including the human brain, was made by the Creator God of the Bible. We did not make ourselves. We did not evolve ourselves from goo by way of the zoo to man.

It required tremendous intelligence to develop today’s multiple and varied technologies. It required a far, far greater intelligence to design and build Adam and Eve, the first humans.

Science Catches Up to the Bible

The Bible reports that the Creator God made us, fearfully and wonderfully. Even now scientists do not fully understand how the human brain is put together and how it works. Much remains to be discovered about this wonderful gift. Although the Bible is not primarily a science textbook, it does contain many scientific truths like this one and like those mentioned in this Science in the Bible series, truths that long pre-date their discovery by today’s scientists. This is strong evidence of divine authorship of the Bible.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What do you find intriguing about how the human brain works?
  2. Why do people continue to believe that our amazing brains evolved through random events?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the eighth in the Science in the Bible series of blog posts. While there is much science connected with Creation and Noah’s Flood, this series will focus on lesser known scientific truths that were alluded to in the Bible long before they were known to scientists.
Read the prequels:
1. Science in the Bible – Blood
2. Science in the Bible – Ocean Currents
3. Science in the Bible – Undersea Mountains
4. Science in the Bible – Ocean Reservoirs
5. Science in the Bible – Good Medicine
6. Science in the Bible – Round Earth
7. Science in the Bible – Don’t Marry Kin

Read the sequel:
9. Science in the Bible – Hanging Earth

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday March 22, 2017 A.D.

Thy word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path. (Psalm 119:105)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | March 15, 2017

Science in the Bible – Don’t Marry Kin

(3 Minute Read)

After Eden 063 Cains Wife

Early in human history men married sisters, nieces, and close relatives. At the very beginning of history, there was no one else to marry. Adam’s sons had to marry close kin in order to ensure the continuation of the human race.

Adam and Eve had many sons and daughters as they obeyed God’s command to be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth (Genesis 1:27-28).

Adam lived to age 930, so he could have had hundreds of sons and daughters.
Then the days of Adam after he became the father of Seth were eight hundred years, and he had other sons and daughters. (Genesis 5:4)

Many of Adam’s sons married sisters, and other sons married nieces or grand-nieces to begin filling the earth. How else could two people carry out God’s command, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth” (Genesis 1:28)? If brothers had not married sisters, mankind would have died out in one generation.

Later after Noah’s Flood, men again had to marry close relatives (like sisters and cousins) until the population built up.

Today boys are repulsed by the idea of marrying their sisters. Adam’s sons and Noah’s grandsons did not have that option. No one existed for them to marry except close relatives like sisters, nieces, or cousins.

There was no reason for Adam’s sons to feel reluctant to marry their sisters. Cain and his siblings were first-generation offspring of Adam and Eve. Even for generations thereafter the gene pool was relatively clean. Enough harmful genetic errors had not accumulated in the DNA to make marrying close relatives unwise. This danger developed as the consequences of human sin compounded over the years.

20000501CainsWifeAnswer

Today degeneration of the gene pool has intensified. Marriage between close relatives now risks severe problems in the offspring when identical defective recessive genes occur in both closely related parents, with the deleterious trait being passed on to children. The more inbreeding occurs, the more birth defects appear.

Restrictions against marrying close relatives did not exist until the time of Moses, 2500 years after Creation. In early generations the restriction was unnecessary. Adam himself married a closer relation than anyone else ever has, for Eve was bone of his bones and flesh of his flesh (Genesis 2:23). Eve was practically a clone of Adam, having been made from his rib. Noah’s grandchildren married siblings or cousins. Abraham and Isaac each married close relatives (Genesis 20:11-13; 11:27; 24:47-51, 67).

But the acceptability of marriage to close relatives changed with the Law given to Moses on Mt. Sinai shortly after the nation of Israel left Egypt. Yahweh told Moses,
“You shall not do what is done in the land of Egypt where you lived, nor are you to do what is done in the land of Canaan where I am bringing you; you shall not walk in their statutes. You are to perform My judgments and keep My statutes, to live in accord with them; I am the Lord your God. So you shall keep My statutes and My judgments, by which a man may live if he does them; I am the Lord. None of you shall approach any blood relative of his to uncover nakedness; I am the Lord.” (Leviticus 18:3-6 NASB)

Leviticus 18 continues by detailing all the forbidden close-kin marital relationships. Then Yahweh concludes with
“Do not defile yourselves by any of these things; for by all these the nations which I am casting out before you have become defiled. For the land has become defiled, therefore I have brought its punishment upon it, so the land has spewed out its inhabitants. But as for you, you are to keep My statutes and My judgments and shall not do any of these abominations, neither the native, nor the alien who sojourns among you (for the men of the land who have been before you have done all these abominations, and the land has become defiled); so that the land will not spew you out, should you defile it, as it has spewed out the nation which has been before you. For whoever does any of these abominations, those persons who do so shall be cut off from among their people. Thus you are to keep My charge, that you do not practice any of the abominable customs which have been practiced before you, so as not to defile yourselves with them; I am the Lord your God.” (Leviticus 18:24-30 NASB)

At the time when Yahweh forbid consanguineous marriage for Israel, it was common practice in Egypt and Canaan. Not only were sibling marriages common, but incestuous relations between parents and children were frequent. These were common practices in Moses’ day. (Leviticus 18:3, 24-30; 20:23)

Austrian monk Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) is considered to be the founder of modern genetic science. But around 1450 BC, long before genetic science understood the reason for the prohibition of close-kin marriage, the Bible prohibited it. The Law of Moses prohibited incestuous relations on pain of death, ostracism, and barrenness (Leviticus 20:11-12, 14, 17, 19-21, 23).

Science Catches Up to the Bible

The Bible’s wise prohibition of close-kin marriage was the basis for marriage laws throughout Christian lands, even before science understood the reasons for the prohibition. Although the Bible is not primarily a science textbook, it does contain many scientific truths like this one and like those mentioned in this Science in the Bible series, truths that long pre-date their discovery by today’s scientists. This is strong evidence of divine authorship of the Bible.

Questions to Ponder
  1. How can you be salt and light so that incest does not become fashionable, as has happened with other sexual perversions?
  2. How is the demand for easy abortion access related to our culture’s rejection of Scriptural morality?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the seventh in the Science in the Bible series of blog posts. While there is much science connected with Creation and Noah’s Flood, this series will focus on lesser known scientific truths that were alluded to in the Bible long before they were known to scientists.
Read the prequels:
1. Science in the Bible – Blood
2. Science in the Bible – Ocean Currents
3. Science in the Bible – Undersea Mountains
4. Science in the Bible – Ocean Reservoirs
5. Science in the Bible – Good Medicine
6. Science in the Bible – Round Earth

Read the sequel:
8. Science in the Bible – Fearfully and Wonderfully Made

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday March 15, 2017 A.D.

Thy word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path. (Psalm 119:105)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | March 8, 2017

Science in the Bible – Round Earth

(3 Minute Read)

Earth

What did Christopher Columbus, Pythagoras, and Aristotle have in common with the Hebrew prophet Isaiah?

They all knew earth is a sphere!

Which one knew it first?

The Hebrew prophet Isaiah knew it in 700 B.C., long before the other three. He wrote,
“Do you not know? Have you not heard?
Has it not been told you from the beginning? Have you not understood since the earth was founded?
It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers. He stretches out the heavens like a curtain and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.”
(Isaiah 40:21-22)

The Hebrew word for circle is חוּג (Strong’s H2329), transliterated chuwg or khoog. It is usually translated circle, circuit, or compass. It only appears two other times in the Bible (Job 22:14; Proverbs 8:27), so there’s not a lot of context available to determine a precise meaning. The essence of the word is round.

It is certainly the case that Isaiah made an accurate statement about the shape of the earth – when viewed from a distance it’s circular (He sits above the circle of the earth). Only a sphere projects a circular image in every direction.

Earth’s Shape

Isaiah even seems to say that that people should know the earth is a globe! For he introduces his claim that the earth is round with the words,
“Do you not know? Have you not heard?
Has it not been told you from the beginning? Have you not understood since the earth was founded?”
(Isaiah 40:21)

Earth’s shape is not a hard thing to figure out. The masts of ships gradually appearing over the horizon followed by the ships imply it’s a globe.

During a lunar eclipse, the moon moves through the earth’s shadow from the sun. The edge of the shadow is always circular, as many, including myself, have personally witnessed during lunar eclipses of the full moon. The always-circular shadow shows that the earth must be spherical.

Today many high-flying pilots have seen the curvature of the earth. We even have NASA pictures from space that show earth is a globe, such as the one above.

Historical Knowledge of Earth’s Shape

Pythagoras, of Pythagorean Theorem fame (a2 + b2 = c2 for a right triangle), was a Greek mathematician and philosopher of the 6th century B.C. He’s the earliest we know of who thought the earth was round, rotated on an axis, and orbited a central point.

The Greek mathematician Aristotle (384–322 B.C.) thought Earth was a sphere, because as one moved south from Greece into Egypt, different constellations became visible. This indicated the surface of the earth was curved. He also cited the earth’s curved shadow on the moon during eclipses.

Eratosthenes (276-194 B.C.) was a Greek mathematician, geographer, and astronomer from Cyrene, North Africa (now Libya). He was the director of Alexandria’s great library. He is called the Father of Geography (literally, earth writing), because he was the first to coin the word with his book Geography.

Eratosthenes knew the earth was a globe, and he was the first to calculate the circumference of the earth around 240 B.C. Using geometry and trigonometry and some observations of solar shadows, he calculated the circumference to be 25,000 miles. The actual value is 24,901 miles — less than half a percent error!

One hundred and fifty years after Eratosthenes, the Greek astronomer Posidonius (135-51 B.C.) erroneously calculated the earth’s circumference to be 18,000 miles. Nevertheless, Eratosthenes’ value for the circumference was commonly accepted during the Middle Ages.

Contrary to what is commonly taught in government schools, Christopher Columbus and many mariners of his time knew the earth was a globe in the 1400s A.D. In fact, Columbus used Posidonius’ smaller value for earth’s circumference in order to persuade his investors that he could sail west from Europe to Asia in 1492.

Ferdinand Magellan‘s circumnavigation of the earth (1519−1522) demonstrated the earth is a globe.

Science Catches Up to the Bible

The Bible’s hint in Isaiah about the earth’s shape is the earliest information man has on the subject. Although the Bible is not primarily a science textbook, it does contain many scientific truths like this and like those mentioned in this Science in the Bible series, truths that long pre-date their discovery by today’s scientists. This is strong evidence of divine authorship of the Bible.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Critics like to satirize Biblical Christians as the “Flat Earth Society.” Have you ever met anyone who actually believed the earth is flat?
  2. What have you seen with your own eyes that confirms the earth is round?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the sixth in the Science in the Bible series of blog posts. While there is much science connected with Creation and Noah’s Flood, this series will focus on lesser known scientific truths that were alluded to in the Bible long before they were known to scientists.
Read the prequels:
1. Science in the Bible – Blood
2. Science in the Bible – Ocean Currents
3. Science in the Bible – Undersea Mountains
4. Science in the Bible – Ocean Reservoirs
5. Science in the Bible – Good Medicine

Read the sequel:
7. Science in the Bible – Don’t Marry Kin

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday March 8, 2017 A.D.

Thy word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path. (Psalm 119:105)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | March 1, 2017

Science in the Bible – Good Medicine

(2 Minute Read)
Biblical Medicine has no side effects.

Biblical “Medicine” has no bad side effects.

Would you like to save money on healthcare? Is it too expensive?

Surprising to many, the Bible contains practical advice that could help.

A joyful heart is good medicine,
But a broken spirit dries up the bones.
(Proverbs 17:22)

Medical scientists have learned that laughter is extremely good for you, just as the Bible suggests. Studies at Loma Linda University in 2006 & 2008 showed that even just anticipating a good laugh or funny movie boosted immune hormones and reduced stress hormones. Laughter improves resistance to disease by increasing immune cells and disease-fighting antibodies and by lowering levels of stress hormones.

The Loma Linda researchers also found that laughter improved memory functions (by 43%) and learning ability (by 38%) in a study of senior adults in a 2014 NIH report. This is because laughing reduces production of cortisol, a stress hormone that can degrade memory and learning over time.

A study by cardiologists at the University of Maryland Medical Center seemed to show laughter may have a significant impact on reducing heart disease. Dr. Michael Miller is director of the Center for Preventive Cardiology at the University of Maryland Medical Center and a professor of medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. He said,

“The old saying that ‘laughter is the best medicine,’ definitely appears to be true when it comes to protecting your heart. We don’t know yet why laughing protects the heart, but we know that mental stress is associated with impairment of the endothelium, the protective barrier lining our blood vessels. This can cause a series of inflammatory reactions that lead to fat and cholesterol build-up in the coronary arteries and ultimately to a heart attack. . . . The recommendation for a healthy heart may one day be exercise, eat right, and laugh a few times a day.”
(Laughter is the Best Medicine for Your Heart, University of Maryland Medical Center, July 14, 2009.)

176-sinsniffles

How to Increase Laughter

If laughter is so good for you, it makes sense to increase it in your daily life.

Begin with smiling. A smile is the start of a laugh.

Be thankful; name your blessings. This will move you away from negative thoughts and emotions and make it easier to laugh.

Instead of asking “How was your day?” ask “Did anything funny happen today?” “Did you hear a good joke today?”

Possibly, one of the best sources of laughter is YOU! Learn to laugh at yourself. Learn to laugh at your silly mistakes, twisted thinking, and convoluted life. Turn negative happenings into humorous anecdotes that you can tell and re-tell, spurring gales of laughter over and over.

More “Medical” Advice from the Bible

Do not be wise in your own eyes;
Fear the LORD and turn away from evil.
It will be healing to your body
And refreshment to your bones.
(Proverbs 3:7,8)

These verses say that humility, fear of the Lord, and righteous living all contribute to physical health.

A tranquil heart gives life to the body,
But envy makes the bones rot.
(Proverbs 14:30)

A peaceful and contented heart is healthy, a heart that abstains from envy, jealousy, or covetousness.

An excellent wife is the crown of her husband,
But she who shames him is as rottenness in his bones.
(Proverbs 12:4)

A good marriage contributes to health.

Science Catches Up to the Bible

Modern scientific study of the influence of humor on physical health began in the 20th century. The beginning is often credited to Norman Cousins who suffered in pain for years from a serious illness. In his 1979 book, Anatomy of an Illness, he said watching funny movies was a key component of his recovery.

Modern discoveries of the health benefits of laughter, humility, righteousness, and contentment were long preceded by the Bible’s instructions. Although the Bible is not primarily a science textbook, it does contain many scientific truths like these and those mentioned in this Science in the Bible series, truths that long pre-date their discovery by today’s scientists. This is strong evidence of divine authorship.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What step can you take today to bring a dose of laughter into your life?
  2. What is a practical way to inject the healing balm of laughter into the life of a friend or family member today?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the fifth in the Science in the Bible series of blog posts. While there is much science connected with Creation and Noah’s Flood, this series will focus on lesser known scientific truths that were alluded to in the Bible long before they were known to scientists.
Read the prequels:
1. Science in the Bible – Blood
2. Science in the Bible – Ocean Currents
3. Science in the Bible – Undersea Mountains
4. Science in the Bible – Ocean Reservoirs

Read the sequel:
6. Science in the Bible – Round Earth

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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday March 1, 2017 A.D.

Thy word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path. (Psalm 119:105)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | February 22, 2017

Kepler’s Favorite Store

(4 Minute Read)
Kepler

Kepler

Woof! Woof! This is Kepler again, Master’s Parson Russell terrier. I’m writing another article for Master’s blog.

Master is the BibleScienceGuy, and he has been encouraging me to write more. He says folks like the way I think and like to hear what I have to say.

Today I want to tell you about a recent trip to the store. Most stores won’t let me inside, but this one does, and it’s my favorite.

On the way to the store, Master stopped to get a McEgg Thingy for him and the Missus. But he didn’t get one for me, even though I begged!

My Favorite Store

It’s PetSmart, paws down. It’s the best store ever. It has everything you would ever need — all kinds of delicious food and treats and soft beds and toys. It also has lots of things I feel I don’t need — like leashes, tethers, remote zappers, and prong collars.

I love to cruise the food aisles and snack on spills. It reminds me of the Bible verse, “You shall not muzzle the ox while he is threshing” (Deuteronomy 25:4), because I help keep the store neat and clean. I know how to ask for a milkbone treat at the checkout, and I always get at least one.

Smelling all this yummy food in the store makes me thankful for my Creator Yahweh’s tender provision for us creatures. Recently I heard Master reading this Bible verse about animals, and it sure made my tail wag!
They all wait for You
To give them their food in due season.
You give to them, they gather it up;
You open Your hand, they are satisfied with good.
(Psalm 104:27-28)

098verygoodhaschanged

Recently when we visited PetSmart there was a crowd around the fish tanks. Employees were feeding the fish and cleaning tanks — why I don’t know — they have water in them all the time.

Why do people like fish for pets? You can’t pet them, they won’t heel, you can’t take them for a walk. The only command they obey is “Wiggle.”

But, to be completely honest, I actually like fish — in my food bowl. Tuna is my favorite and then salmon. That’s about all fish are good for in my opinion — eating. But I’ve noticed that people don’t eat fish from their aquariums.

PetSmart also sells mice, rats, rabbits, hamsters, and guinea pigs. That’s just not right. My Creator designed me to catch, kill, and eat those things — not coddle them as pets.

Grand Opening

When we went to a PetSmart Grand Opening, I was amazed at the lines of people waiting for the store to open. They had one line for dog owners and another for cat owners.

Master and I got in the dog line right behind a huge drooling St. Bernard and a giggling blonde with a toy poodle named Muffie. Soon right behind us came a curly-haired dachshund whose owner had chartreuse hair, black lipstick, and long lavender fingernails. A Marine with his antsy doberman and a grandma holding a yappy Pomeranian soon followed. Our owners got to talking as we all waited for the doors to open:
Marine (to Grandma): “Ma’am, what is that you’re holding? Shouldn’t you be in the cat line?”
Grandma: “Thank you for your service to our country, sir, but Fluffy is a dog.”
Marine (quietly to Master): “And to think I risked my life fighting for people’s freedom to have a dog like that.”

Chartreuse Girl was wearing a PETA tee shirt, and Master couldn’t resist baiting her, even though he knew the acronym stood for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.
Master: “You know, I sure like animals too. I love them with barbecue sauce right next to the mashed potatoes on my plate.”
Chartreuse Girl (rolling her eyes): “How can you say such a thing? Don’t you see that I’m wearing a PETA shirt?”
Master: “Doesn’t that acronym stand for People Eating Tasty Animals?”
Chartreuse Girl was not amused and sashayed to the back of the line to avoid further discussion with us.

St. Bernard Man (to Master): “Can that little white dog do anything?”
Master: “Kepler can do a lot more than you would think. He protects our campsites against marauding coyotes and chihuahuas. He catches small game and can be trained to hunt deer like Bambi’s parents. His brother lives in Poland where he hunts deer and boars. He holds a boar at bay for hunters by circling and hanging on to the boar’s tail if it tries to run off.”
Blondie: “Oh, no! I love Bambi. Deer are so gentle, sweet, and graceful. Your dog wouldn’t hurt deer, would he?”
Master: “Kepler appreciates deer. He likes venison which deer make for him to eat.”
Blondie: “Oh, that’s nice. Just so he doesn’t hurt them. I take Muffie to the park, but she never chases anything. She doesn’t even like to walk on dirt or grass, so I carry her or push her in a stroller.”

Kepler caught a taunting chipmunk.

Kepler Holds Chipmunk Prey

I could have told her that Muffie was useless. Any dog with pink bows, frilly skirt, and painted toenails is an embarrassment to its kind.

Dog Food

Master is a genius at dealing with salesmen, and I love to listen. A PetSmart salesman tried to get Master to buy a 50-lb bag of dog food kibble that was on sale for $5 off because the expiration date was only three months away.
Master: “Fifty pounds of dog food kibble will last 5 months for my two dogs, assuming I don’t supplement with table scraps. That’s two months beyond the expiration date.”
Salesman: “But you’ll save $5!”
Master: “Not really, because 20 lbs will be left after the expiration date.”
Salesman: “It’s not really an expiration date. It’s a ‘Best Used By’ date. You can still safely feed the food well after the date. Your dogs won’t mind. And you will save $5. It’s a great deal.”
(I barked at him here for saying, “Your dogs won’t mind.”)
Master: “Would you eat hamburger that was past the ‘Best Used By’ date?”
Salesman: “That’s different. Besides, you could use up the kibble on time by doubling the portion size. I’m sure your dogs wouldn’t object.”
(I agreed with him here and got excited about maybe getting more food.)
Master: “So you’re recommending that I overfeed my dogs and make them obese, thereby giving them diabetes and joint problems?”
Salesman: “Well, no. I guess I’ll find someone with a big dog that can eat 50 pounds in three months. Have a nice day, sir.”

The way Master works it with salesmen, he never has to turn them down; they always walk away from him.

The Creator made each creature,
from amoeba to man, for its own
place and purpose in Creation.

Master feeds me vitamin enriched, high protein kibble with good fat content mixed with table scraps (which I love). My meals are very healthy, and I recommend them for dogs and humans.

At the store I saw Master studying the nutrition information on some of the premium dog food kibble bags. I could tell he was thinking about eating it (he’s always thinking). I have suggested to Master that he and Missus should change their diet to eat dog food. Based on the nutrition info on kibble bags, it would be healthier for them to eat the same food I eat, and it would be more economical. It would also tremendously simplify food storage and meal preparation. Master and Missus could just add milk and eat nutritious kibble like cereal. But they haven’t made the change yet.

So that’s how things look from the Dog House!
Till next time, this is Kepler signing off. Woof! Woof!

Questions to Ponder
  1. Every creature glorifies its Creator. How do your pets glorify the Creator?
  2. Jesus directed attention to the birds of the air as a vivid illustration of God’s faithful care over His creatures (Matthew 6:25-26). How can pets help us trust the Lord?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the 15th article in a series of blog posts on our Jack Russell terrier Kepler. Numbers 9-15 are by Kepler.
Read the prequels:
1. Why I Named Our Puppy “Kepler”
2. Kepler’s Kind
3. Kepler’s Lopsided Trade
4. Kepler’s Amazing Nose
5. Kepler’s Business Card
6. Kepler & the Psycho Squirrel
(with video)
7. Taunting Kepler
8. Adam and Puppies

The following posts are by Kepler:
9. Who Taught Kepler?
10. Kepler Gets a Buddy
(with video)
11. Kepler Chases a Squirrel
12. Kepler’s Complaint
13. Kepler’s To-Do List
14. Kepler and the Football Weekend

Read the sequel:
16. Kepler at a Truck Stop

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Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday February 22, 2017 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

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