Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | July 1, 2015

Rejected Fawn Is a Star

Dragon

Dragon

Rudolph the legendary red-nosed reindeer, immortalized by Gene Autry in 1949, is not the only deer to experience rejection. Dragon, a white-faced deer, may not go down in history like Rudolph, but he was rejected by his mother and is now attracting attention in Michigan.

Bunny, a piebald whitetail deer, birthed male twin fawns the end of May. She immediately started stomping on one of them trying to kill it. Ranch co-owner Hilary Powell rescued the fawn before the doe could kill it.

The Powells named the fawn Dragon. At two weeks of age Dragon was the star of a fascinating wildlife tour when we visited Deer Tracks Junction in Cedar Springs, Michigan on one of our camping trips. Deer Tracks Junction is a working ranch and animal preserve.

Dragon is a handsome animal with completely milk-white face, legs, and underside. He has sparkling blue eyes and a pink nose.

DeerTracksJuncSign

Piebald deer like Bunny and Dragon have a genetic defect that produces large white areas on the coat. The defect occurs in less than 1 percent of whitetail deer. In addition to white patches, the piebald genetic defect often causes impaired vision, hearing, and kidney function. Dragon is deaf.

Bunny rejected Dragon immediately after birth and tried to stomp him to death. You can still see one of the doe’s hoof marks on the fawn’s hide.

In the wild, does typically kill piebald fawns. Their white coloring keeps them from blending with foliage when trying to hide. The mother doe instinctively does not waste resources on a fawn that won’t make it.

We saw Dragon on our tour, and I even fed him goat milk from a bottle.

BibleScienceGuy feeds Dragon

BibleScienceGuy feeds Dragon

We saw fawns that had been born that very morning along with numerous does and bucks.

It was interesting to spot newborn fawns hidden in grass beds as we drove through the ranch. Fawns have no smell for two weeks. Predators that happen across them will ignore them since they are odorless.

Tiny fawns are often assumed to be abandoned when humans see them lying alone. Actually, the mother is simply keeping her distance except for nursing intervals, so that her scent is not picked up by the fawn, thus spoiling its “imperceptibility” if it were no longer scentless.

The petting farm portion of Deer Tracks Junction is a bargain at $3, or if you take the wildlife tour, the petting farm is included in the $11 admission for the tour.

BibleScienceGuy pets mini-pigs

BibleScienceGuy pets mini-pigs

The petting farm has goats, mini-donkeys, bunnies, pigs, and chickens.

The petting farm buildings and grounds include many innovative play areas and challenging climbing elements, to keep active youngsters intrigued. The vintage ranch theme is beautifully executed, with each creative element a feast for the eyes plus clean and comfortable besides. Everything has been designed and built by the Powell family working together.

On the ranch tour we saw elk, Tibetan yaks, reindeer, and some 150 whitetail deer from multiple generations.

The deer eagerly ate maple leaves and twigs from our hands. They switch to oak in the fall to clean our their digestive tracts as oak has an antibiotic effect.

BSG Feeds Bull Elk by Hand

BSG feeds bull elk by hand

Yaks are males and the female is called a nak. So if you are visiting Tibet and someone asks you to milk a yak, you can tell them you don’t have the knack!

We saw bull and doe reindeer, both with impressive racks. Reindeer are the only deer where both males and females sport antlers.

I fed some of the majestic bull elks double handfuls of oats. They snarfed it out of my hands faster than I can eat a spoonful of oatmeal!

I felt the velvet on the elks’ huge racks. In the fall during rutting season you cannot get near the bulls to feed or touch them. They are extremely aggressive and fight constantly.

BSG-Elk Antler Velvet

BSG feels velvet on elk antlers

I also held last year’s antlers from one of the prize bulls. Each antler weighed about 20 lbs.

Every spring the whitetail deer produce about 100 fawns, most of which are sold when old enough.

The ranch also makes money off their champion bull elks. A single straw of elk semen, which will impregnate one doe, ranges from $100 to $22,000 depending on the quality. You can get 150 straws from a bull in a single annual draw.

Why do people have to buy elk semen to impregnate their elk does? Why haven’t scientists figured out by now how to make artificial elk sperm?

BSG-Elk Antlers

BSG holds 40 lbs of elk antlers

The complexity of a sperm cell is far beyond man’s ability to thoroughly understand, much less replicate.

How could such extreme complexity have evolved through random genetic mistakes, all the while remaining functional and improving at each step?

Is it believable that the female’s equipment and egg cell evolved continually in sync with the male?

Evolution is just too unbelievable for a logical person to believe. There must be an intelligent Creator who is responsible for all that we see. He is the God of the Bible.

Stuffed Grizzly in DTJ lobby

Stuffed Grizzly in DTJ lobby

We thoroughly enjoyed our visit to Deer Tracks Junction. It was an up-close look at a small slice of Creation. The many marvels we saw megaphoned the glory and wisdom of the Almighty.

I recommend Deer Tracks Junction for everyone, from small children to grandparents, as they have activities of interest for all ages.

They even have a delicious ice cream shop for those who just want to enjoy the stuffed animal displays in the lobby. These exhibits include bears, lions, water buffalo, and more in active poses.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What aspect of Creation do you think is most difficult to believe that it was not created but rather evolved?
  2. What is your opinion of preserving a genetically inferior animal through human intervention and bottle feeding? Should humans interfere when the parent seeks to execute defective animal offspring?
  3. It is legal to sell human sperm. What moral or ethical concerns does this raise in your mind?
  4. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday July 1, 2015 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | June 24, 2015

Taunting Kepler

Squirrels and chipmunks are a common sight in our backyard. Gray squirrels, reddish brown squirrels, and black squirrels cavort in our yard along with darting chipmunks.

The backyard is also a romping ground for our 15-month-old Jack Russell terrier Kepler. We named our puppy for the Biblical creationist, mathematician, and astronomer Johann Kepler (1571-1630) who discovered the three Laws of Planetary Motion.

Sometimes this multi-use backyard is not serenely peaceful. The rodents love to taunt Kepler, staying just out of his reach in a tree or on the fence.

Kepler will intently watch these little playfellows through our sliding glass door. When released through the door, he will bolt straight out toward one. The rodents will perch just out of reach and chatter at him.

KeplerHoldsChipmunk

But one day last week a male chipmunk miscalculated. Kepler caught him!

Maybe the watching squirrels will learn a lesson and stop taunting him, but I doubt it!

Sadly, I did not get to watch Kepler demonstrate his God-given expertise. By the time we went out, it was all over. It surely happened as soon as Kepler went out the door after his morning meal.

The chipmunk was still quivering, so we knew Kepler had just caught it. We decided to let him eat it (to save a bit on dog food), but he was no longer hungry. He only carried it around the yard, dropping and picking it back up multiple times and pushing it around with his nose. Finally he buried it under grass clippings, leaves, and sticks.

Kepler noses his dead chipmunk

Kepler noses his dead chipmunk

We disposed of it. Later he searched and searched but couldn’t locate it. He’ll just have to catch himself another one.

Some may feel squeamish about what Kepler did, but Jack Russell terriers were bred to do exactly what Kepler did — catch and kill small game.

Kepler’s chipmunk kill is a result of Adam’s sin. Animals were not originally created to kill each other, but Yahweh cursed all of creation as a result of Adam’s sin in the Garden of Eden.
For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now.
(Romans 8:20-22)

Eventually at the restoration of creation to its original state, the wolf will live and graze with the lamb without killing and eating it…and Kepler will play nicely with chipmunks and squirrels.
And the wolf will dwell with the lamb,
And the leopard will lie down with the young goat,
And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together;
And a little boy will lead them.
Also the cow and the bear will graze,
Their young will lie down together,
And the lion will eat straw like the ox.
The nursing child will play by the hole of the cobra,
And the weaned child will put his hand on the viper’s den.
They will not hurt or destroy in all My holy mountain,
For the earth will be full of the knowledge of the Lord
As the waters cover the sea.
(Isaiah 11:6-9)

“For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth;
And the former things will not be remembered or come to mind.
But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create;
For behold, I create Jerusalem for rejoicing
And her people for gladness.
I will also rejoice in Jerusalem and be glad in My people;
And there will no longer be heard in her
The voice of weeping and the sound of crying.
No longer will there be in it an infant who lives but a few days,
Or an old man who does not live out his days;
For the youth will die at the age of one hundred
And the one who does not reach the age of one hundred
Will be thought accursed.
They will build houses and inhabit them;
They will also plant vineyards and eat their fruit.
They will not build and another inhabit,
They will not plant and another eat;
For as the lifetime of a tree, so will be the days of My people,
And My chosen ones will wear out the work of their hands.
They will not labor in vain,
Or bear children for calamity;
For they are the offspring of those blessed by the Lord,
And their descendants with them.
It will also come to pass that before they call, I will answer; and while they are still speaking, I will hear. The wolf and the lamb will graze together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox; and dust will be the serpent’s food. They will do no evil or harm in all My holy mountain,” says the Lord.
(Isaiah 65:17-25)

Who taught Kepler how to catch chipmunks and squirrels? I have never taught or trained Kepler on how to catch them. The Creator built this capability into Kepler’s DNA. Imagine the complexity of that coding job! No human has any idea how to write that code in the DNA. This is another way in which little Kepler glorifies his Creator — by doing very well what he was well-designed to do.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Every creature glorifies its Creator. How does your favorite animal glorify the Creator?
  2. Have you felt the exhilaration of watching someone do just what they were created to do? Describe the occasion.
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read the prequels on our puppy Kepler:
Why I Named Our Puppy “Kepler”
Kepler’s Kind
Kepler’s Lopsided Trade
Kepler’s Amazing Nose
Kepler’s Business Card
Kepler & the Psycho Squirrel

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday June 24, 2015 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | June 17, 2015

Invasive Species

Campground Naturalist Sam
Holds Unwanted Poster for a sea
lamprey. Note sea lamprey mouth
at lower right (click to enlarge).

Recently we attended a campground talk on invasive species in the Great Lakes. An invasive species is defined as a non-native species. Most are environmentally harmful, although this is not always the case.

Around a dozen invasive species inhabit the Great Lakes, but the talk focused on these five: sea lamprey, zebra mussel, Eurasian water-milfoil, Eurasian ruffe, round goby.

Five Invasives

The sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) is an eel-like jawless fish 12 to 20 inches long with a suction-cup mouth filled with sharp teeth. Sea lampreys are parasites. They attach to other fish, chewing a hole and sucking their blood. This “kiss of death” scars and often kills the host fish.

Fish have been found with as many as four lamprey suck-marks. During its lifetime a sea lamprey will kill over 40 pounds of fish.

Sea lampreys feed on salmon, lake trout, steelhead, whitefish, walleye, and lake sturgeon. They contributed to the collapse of the lake trout fishing industry on the Great Lakes.

Sea lampreys are native to the Atlantic Ocean, but they are now in all five Great Lakes and many tributaries. The greatest concentration is in northern Lake Huron. They entered the Great Lakes in the sea water ballast of freighters as did the other four invasives.

The zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) is a fingernail-sized barnacle with alternating dark and light stripes on its shell. Zebra mussels grow in clusters that attach to hard surfaces. They clog water intake pipes and pumps at power plants and water treatment plants, costing millions of dollars annually.

The clusters also attach to boat motors, hulls, and dock pilings. They attach to native clams and mussels, and the accumulated weight of the cluster prevents the mussel from opening, thereby smothering it.

Zebra mussels wash up on beaches where their sharp shells cut people’s feet. Zebra mussels consume vast amounts of plankton which disrupts native food chains.

Zebras were first discovered in 1988 in Lake St. Clair. They have since spread to all the Great Lakes and many inland lakes and streams.

The Eurasian ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus) is a small brownish fish that will fit in a man’s hand. Sharp spines on its top and bottom fins discourage larger fish from eating them. The ruffe has a huge appetite and devours food normally eaten by native fish. Ruffe populations mushroom rapidly as they reproduce in their first year with females producing up to 200,000 eggs per season.

The round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) is a small bottom-dwelling fish with a big head and frog-like bulging eyes. Despite growing no longer than seven inches, it’s an aggressive fish which crowds out other native species. It takes over favored habitats, spawning grounds, and feeding areas from native species. They eat the eggs and young of other fish.

The round goby was first discovered around 1990 in the St. Clair River which runs from Lake Huron to Lake St. Clair. We were camping right on the St. Clair River when we learned about the round goby invading the river near where we sat.

Eurasian water-milfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) is a water weed. With feathery leaves and long, stringy stems, EWM forms thick vegetation mats in lakes and rivers that block sunlight needed by native aquatic plants that provide food and shelter for fish. EWM chokes boat propellers thereby hindering boating, as well as swimming and fishing. EWM grows like a weed; from the tiniest plant fragment it can take over an entire inland lake. Plant control costs run to many millions of dollars annually.

When You Cross Jack Russell with Harley Davidson…

PorkchopMotorcycle

…you will get the invasive species pictured here that camped near us in the campground.

Pork Chop is the name of the Jack Russell terrier on the motorcycle. By definition he would be considered an invasive breed. The breed was developed in England by Parson Jack Russell to hunt small game and later imported to the U.S.

Pork Chop rides on the motorcycle as shown barking loudly for the whole trip. We could always tell when the owner left or returned to the campground — more by the barking than by the roar of the Harley. This particular 7-year-old dog from Louisville, KY got its name from stealing a pork chop off his owner’s plate.

Our Jack Russell terrier Kepler and Pork Chop became friends at the campground. Kepler watched his comings and goings on the motorcycle with keen interest.

The term “invasive species” is somewhat artificial. At creation, every species was invasive, yet none was harmful at that point. Every land species after Noah’s Flood was initially invasive.

Yahweh designed flora and fauna to reproduce after their own kind (Genesis 1:11-13,21-22,24-25). As they proliferate, life kinds will naturally spread out and invade new areas.

A more valuable designation than “invasive” is “environmentally harmful.” Many dog breeds have been developed overseas and imported to the U.S. They are invasive but not harmful.

Yahweh gave Adam oversight responsibility. So it’s appropriate for man to determine habitation bounds for species. However, I would make these judgments based not on whether or not a species is invasive (non-native), but rather on whether it’s harmful.
God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. God blessed them; and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” (Genesis 1:27-28)

Questions to Ponder
  1. Have you experienced harmful effects from an invasive species, perhaps in your garden or landscaping?
  2. What are examples of beneficial invasive (non-native) species?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday June 17, 2015 A.D.

It is the Lord of hosts who made the earth by His power, Who established the world by His wisdom, and by His understanding He stretched out the heavens. (Jeremiah 51:15)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | June 10, 2015

Pulling Nails

The Bible-Science Guy pulling nails at a campground

The Bible-Science Guy pulling nails
at a campground

Regular readers of this blog know that we frequently go camping.

And you know that the primary firewood for our campfires is pallets.
(See Not Every Wife Would Climb Into a Dumpster… for more about firewood pallets with pictures.)

I enjoy cutting up the pallets for firewood or taking them apart to re-purpose the wood and nails for other projects.

Sometimes the sharp end of a nail on one side of a pallet board is quite bent and twisted. However, when I get a hold of the nail’s head on the other side of the pallet board with my claw hammer and pull it out, the extraction process mostly straightens out the nail as it is pulled back through the board.

In contemplating this, I saw a parallel with life.

Violently wrenching the nail back out of the board exerts pressures on the nail which mostly straighten it. Likewise, Yahweh uses the trials, temptations, and stresses of life to shape His children into perfection.
Consider it all joy, my brethren, when you encounter various trials, knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance. And let endurance have its perfect result, so that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing. (James 1:2-4)

Therefore we do not lose heart, but though our outer man is decaying, yet our inner man is being renewed day by day. For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison, while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen; for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal. (2 Corinthians 4:16-18)

For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed to us. … And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose. (Romans 8:18, 28)

So next time you are going through a trial, imagine yourself as a nail being pulled out of a board with a hammer’s claw at your neck. Take comfort that you are being straightened!

Questions to Ponder
  1. Think of a situation where you felt like a “pulled nail.” How did it affect your character?
  2. What Scriptures have challenged you regarding the purpose of life’s trials and sufferings?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday June 10, 2015 A.D.

It is the Lord of hosts who made the earth by His power, Who established the world by His wisdom, and by His understanding He stretched out the heavens. (Jeremiah 51:15)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | June 3, 2015

The Beautiful Mind

John Nash

Mathematician John F. Nash

Beautiful Mind mathematician John Forbes Nash, Jr. (1928-2015) and his wife Alicia were killed when their taxi hit a guard rail and another car on the New Jersey turnpike on May 23.

They were only 20 minutes from home after an exhilarating trip to Norway where Nash had just been awarded the prestigious million-dollar Abel Prize for his work on nonlinear partial differential equations. He valued the Abel Prize even more than his earlier Nobel Prize.

The Abel Prize is often described as the “Nobel Prize for Mathematics.” It’s named for the Norwegian algebraist Niels Henrik Abel (1802–1829) who first proved that no algebraic formula exists for solving 5th degree and higher polynomial equations, like the quadratic formula solves 2nd degree equations. Abel also invented group theory which has wide applications throughout mathematics and physics.

In 1994 Nash won the Nobel Prize in Economics for his 1950 Ph.D. dissertation in game theory (on the mathematics of decision-making) which is now a cornerstone of modern economic theory. He made seminal contributions to cryptography, algebraic geometry, differential geometry, and partial differential equations. His results are used in many fields including economics, computer science, artificial intelligence, accounting, politics, and military theory.

John & Alicia Nash

John & Alicia Nash
Reception honoring Nash for the Abel Prize
March 25, 2015 at Princeton University

I remember studying some of Nash’s research papers in grad school, particularly the Nash Embedding Theorem on embedding manifolds in Euclidean space.

When he died Nash was a senior research mathematician at Princeton University. The 2001 movie A Beautiful Mind starring Russell Crowe told his life story based on the 1998 book of the same title by Sylvia Nasar.

Nash suffered from paranoid schizophrenia. He began to recover with the help of Alicia and friends when he decided to reject delusional thinking:

“I spent times of the order of five to eight months in hospitals in New Jersey, always on an involuntary basis and always attempting a legal argument for release. And it did happen that when I had been long enough hospitalized that I would finally renounce my delusional hypotheses and revert to thinking of myself as a human of more conventional circumstances and return to mathematical research. In these interludes of, as it were, enforced rationality, I did succeed in doing some respectable mathematical research. … Gradually I began to intellectually reject some of the delusionally influenced lines of thinking which had been characteristic of my orientation. This began, most recognizably, with the rejection of politically-oriented thinking as essentially a hopeless waste of intellectual effort. So at the present time I seem to be thinking rationally again in the style that is characteristic of scientists.”
(Nash, Nobel Prize Autobiographical Essay, 1994.)

Schizophrenia is a devastating and complex affliction. Most with this diagnosis must seek multiple approaches to treatment, and in God’s mercy many do find improvement.

Although John Nash’s journey to mental stability is not typical, all of us can learn a lesson from it. Especially significant is Nash’s recovery through rejecting “delusional thinking.” The lesson is that it is essential to control one’s thinking. The Bible instructs us to think correctly and to meditate on the proper subjects. The Apostle Paul tells us what to think about:
Finally, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, think on these things. (‭Philippians‬ ‭4‬:‭8‬)

And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect. (‭Romans‬ ‭12‬:‭2‬)

How blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked, nor stand in the path of sinners, nor sit in the seat of scoffers! But his delight is in the law of the LORD, and in His law he meditates day and night. He will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in its season and its leaf does not wither. And in whatever he does, he prospers. (‭Psalm‬ ‭1‬:‭1-3‬)

The Bible also specifically instructs us to reject what does not match eternal realities and the truth of Christ.
We are destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God, and we are taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ. (‭2 Corinthians‬ ‭10‬:‭5‬)

Nash Lecturing in Germany

Nash Lecturing in Germany in Jan 2010

How can each of us have a truly Beautiful Mind?
Regularly read and meditate on God’s Word. Think on what is true, right, pure, and lovely. Think about things of good repute, excellence, and praise.

The deaths of John and Alicia Nash are tragic, and we mourn their passing. It is also sobering to face the fragile impermanence of even this beautifully brilliant mind.
The LORD knows the thoughts of man, that they are a mere breath. (‭Psalms‬ ‭94‬:‭11‬)

In contrast, contemplating the Eternal One Who created Nash’s beautiful mind and everything it studied, awestruck worship is the only rational response!
How great are Your works, O LORD! Your thoughts are very deep….You, O LORD, are on high forever. (‭Psalms‬ ‭92‬:‭5, 8‬)

Questions to Ponder
  1. What false ideas are influencing you today?
  2. What specific step can you take in the next hour to develop God’s kind of Beautiful Mind?
  3. What Scriptures have challenged you on the issue of godliness in mental processes?
  4. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday June 3, 2015 A.D.

It is the Lord of hosts who made the earth by His power, Who established the world by His wisdom, and by His understanding He stretched out the heavens. (Jeremiah 51:15)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | May 27, 2015

Mystery Structure Casts Doubt on Evolution

Look at this picture. What in the world could it be?
See if you have any ideas, before reading the answer below the picture.

Even if you have no idea what this picture is, you probably recognize design and purpose in the hardware components pictured here.

From what assembly do you think this hardware came?

Scientists and non-scientists alike recognize design in these components, even if they don’t know the purpose. Yet inexplicably evolutionary scientists look at DNA, and they conclude DNA was not deliberately designed by an intelligent agent, but rather developed accidentally through random natural processes!

How can someone recognize intelligent design in one of the simple brackets in the picture but refuse to see it in the most complex information system in the universe (DNA)?

On a recent camping trip I rescued an assembly that someone had discarded. The structure had lots of well-seasoned wood that I planned to use for firewood as well as components I planned to re-purpose for other projects.

What was the mystery structure that I rescued and re-purposed whose hardware components are pictured above?

I completely disassembled the structure in order to make it easier to burn and free up the pieces and hardware I wanted. As I did so, I was impressed with how complex the entire mechanism was, and how many creative ideas were needed to construct such a useful device.

So what was the mystery structure that I rescued and re-purposed?

. . .

It was a ceiling trapdoor with a fold-down attic ladder.

Open Attic Ladder

Open Attic Ladder

The picture above shows most of the hardware that I removed from the ladder assembly. The pictured hardware plus lots of screws, nails, rivets, and rods and many precisely shaped wooden pieces made up the fold-down attic ladder.

Now imagine throwing some taconite (iron ore) and logs into a huge cement mixer and let it churn and tumble for a million years. Will it ever produce the components needed for an attic ladder assembly?

Obviously not. An intelligent creator is needed to properly shape all the components.
(By the way, no one alive today can design and build a machine that will work for a million years.)

Suppose I give you a big boost and let you throw in the hardware in the picture and all the properly shaped boards and turn the mixer on. Will you ever get an attic ladder?

Obviously not. An intelligent creator is needed to fit the components together to accomplish the desired purpose for the assembly.

Now an attic ladder is trivial in complexity compared with a living cell which is itself elementary compared with a fully functioning organ like a liver, kidney, or brain. And one organ is much simpler than an entire living animal or human.

So why believe that a cell, organ, or organism can develop itself accidentally?

If you can’t get an attic ladder with a cement mixer, then you certainly can’t get a living being through evolution.

The attic ladder casts major doubt on the theory of molecules-to-man evolution.

There must be an intelligent designer for life. Who is it?

The Intelligent Designer is Yahweh, the Creator God of the Bible.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What guesses did you come up with for the hardware in the mystery picture?
  2. Describe an occasion when you came across a tool, device, or mechanism for which you did not know the purpose, but you were certain it was designed by someone.
  3. How do your unbelieving friends explain away obvious design in nature?
  4. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday May 27, 2015 A.D.

It is the Lord of hosts who made the earth by His power, Who established the world by His wisdom, and by His understanding He stretched out the heavens. (Jeremiah 51:15)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | May 20, 2015

Psalms or Genesis at the Amish Market

Last weekend on our camping trip in Amish country, we stopped at a huge Amish flea market with over 400 vendors.

We watched an auction of Amish quilts selling for surprisingly low prices. Outside a single-piston John Deere engine churned homemade ice cream as it chilled. We shared a small cup with caramel and chocolate topping.

At an Amish furniture booth we saw a couple of 4-month-old puppies for only $75. They were a cross between a Labrador retriever and a German shepherd — a great buy if you want a big dog. My wife found them highly appealing, but we already have Kepler. A second dog, and a very large one at that, would significantly complicate our weekly camping trips. Plus it would eat like a small horse.

Gideon New Testaments

Gideon New Testaments

Toward the end we passed a Gideons booth where colorful New Testaments were being given away. We declined the offer, since we already have Bibles and didn’t want to take one that could go to someone in real need of the truth.

Gideons perform a great service in distributing the Scriptures free of charge. They distribute Bibles in over 190 countries in more than 90 languages. Since their founding in 1899, Gideons have freely distributed over two billion Bibles and New Testaments.

Gideons are well known for placing Bibles in hotel rooms. But they distribute even more Bibles in schools, colleges, prisons, hospitals, and medical offices.

On average each hotel room Bible can be read by as many as 2,300 people in its six-year life span. Hotel industry research reports that approximately 25% of travelers read Gideon Bibles in their hotel rooms. Innumerable people testify to having met God through use of a Gideon Bible. Read some accounts here: Gideon Bibles Change Lives.

After admiring the Gideons’ attractive booth at the flea market, I engaged the Gideon rep in conversation. I explained my disagreement with Gideons distributing a “New Testament with Psalms & Proverbs.” I told him that instead they should distribute a “New Testament with Genesis.” And surprisingly, he agreed with me.

Why do I think New Testaments with Genesis should be distributed instead of New Testaments with Psalms & Proverbs?

The Book of Genesis

The Book of Genesis

The fundamental reason is that Genesis is the foundation for the rest of the Bible.

How can you explain who God is without Genesis? Scripture’s very first sentence identifies God as the Creator:

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)

If you don’t know about the Creator God who made you, how can you know about your responsibility to Him?

How can you understand the New Testament message of salvation from sin if you do not know what sin is?

New Testament authors referred to Genesis more than any other book. How can you comprehend their writings without an understanding of Genesis?

Thus I think it is absolutely essential that Genesis be distributed with the New Testament. Pocket New Testaments should add Genesis instead of Psalms and Proverbs. Then people would have the foundational material needed to understand the message of the cross in the New Testament.

I hope the Gideon rep with whom I spoke passes my comment on to the Gideon decision makers.

Read the related article:
Creation: Foundation for the Gospel

Questions to Ponder
  1. What Scriptures would you select for a compact portion to distribute with New Testaments?
  2. Have you read a Gideon Bible in a hotel room? Tell about it in the comments.
  3. What practical ways can you encourage others to honor the truth of Genesis?
  4. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday May 20, 2015 A.D.

It is the Lord of hosts who made the earth by His power, Who established the world by His wisdom, and by His understanding He stretched out the heavens. (Jeremiah 51:15)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | May 13, 2015

Noah & Archimedes

I don’t know if astronauts on the International Space Station have marveled over my camp bonfires, but the blazes have earned several salutes from giant freighters passing by!

My wife and I enjoy watching huge freighters glide by at 8-10 mph when we camp along the St. Clair River which flows from Lake Huron into Lake St. Clair between Michigan and Ontario. Especially on blustery, frigid nights, it’s cheering to hear that quick blast from the ship’s horn in a passing salute!

Below is a Great Lakes freighter, the American Spirit, as it passed our campsite on December 19, 2014. It was headed downriver to Zug Island at the mouth of the Rouge River to unload its cargo of taconite, an iron ore. It self-unloads at 10,000 cargo tons per hour.

American Spirit Laker

American Spirit
Launched in 1978, this freighter is one of the largest on the Great Lakes at 1004 ft long by 105 ft wide with a 28 ft draft. (Click picture to enlarge.)

The American Spirit is owned and operated by the American Steamship Company (ASC), founded in Buffalo, New York in 1907. ASC vessels range in length from 635 feet to 1,000 feet and primarily transport iron ore pellets, coal, or limestone aggregates. Gross tonnage capacities range from 24,000 to 81,000 tons. The freighters operate 24-7 and are self-unloading with no onshore unloading assistance needed.

How does the American Spirit stay afloat?

Baie St. Paul Laker

Baie St. Paul
On Dec 19, 2014 this lake freighter passed our campsite headed upriver for Thunder Bay, Ontario on Lake Superior. This self-unloading bulk carrier is 740 feet long and carries 34,490 tons. (Click picture to enlarge.)

The Baie St. Paul is the most technologically advanced ship on the Great Lakes. Owned by Canada Steamship Lines, the ship set new standards in operational and environmental performance, energy efficiency, and reliability. The International Bulk Journal named it the “Bulk Ship of the Year 2012.”

Built in Jiangyin, China, the Baie St. Paul crossed the Pacific Ocean and arrived in Montreal on December 1, 2012, where workers removed the temporary reinforcing structures that made the ocean voyage possible.

Canada Steamship Lines President Louis Martel said, “We are extremely proud of and grateful to the talented officers and crew of the Baie St. Paul who successfully navigated a vessel built for the Lakes across the Pacific Ocean and through the Panama Canal.”

Why didn’t the Baie St. Paul fall to the bottom of the Pacific?

Deltuva Ocean Freighter

Deltuva
This 490-foot-long Lithuanian ocean freighter went past our campsite on Dec 19, 2014 headed downriver for Montreal. It can carry 17,064 tons. Notice the emergency ejection pod at the rear which all salties carry.

Sink or Float?

Why do huge ships weighing thousands of tons and carrying thousands of tons of cargo float instead of sink?

The American Spirit freighter pictured above weighs 15,936 tons. It has a cargo capacity of 62,400 tons and a fuel capacity of 580 tons for a total weight of 78,916 tons or 176,771,840 lbs. (A gross cargo ton is 2,240 lbs.)

I can personally testify that the American Spirit freighter floated downriver without sinking. How was it able to stay afloat weighing this much when a small rock picked up along the shore weighing only a few ounces will sink when tossed into the river? Yet if the rock is tossed onto the ship’s deck, this does not make the boat sink.

Noah’s descendant, the Greek mathematician Archimedes of Syracuse (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC), explained why objects float or sink. Noah himself, a master shipbuilder and daring sea captain, surely understood the principle that Archimedes subsequently published over 2,000 years after the Great Flood.

Federal Asahi Salty Freighter

Federal Asahi
Built in 2000, this empty ocean freighter passed our campsite on April 26, 2015 heading upriver to load cargo. She is 629 feet long and flies the flag of Hong Kong. Notice the sailboat headed downriver in the foreground. (Click picture to enlarge.)

Archimedes’ Principle

In Archimedes’ treatise On Floating Bodies, he states what has come to be known as Archimedes’ Principle:

“Any object, wholly or partially immersed in a fluid, is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object.”

Archimedes’ Principle says that the buoyant force on a ship is equal to the weight of the water displaced by the ship. If the weight of the ship is more than the weight of the water it displaces, then the ship will sink; otherwise it will float.

A U.S. gallon of water weighs about 8.34 pounds (at 62 °F (17 °C)). This means that when fully loaded the American Spirit freighter displaces at least
176,771,840 / 8.34 = 21,195,665 gallons of water.

Orla Polsteam Salty

Orla
A 489-foot-long general cargo ocean freighter built in 1999 and registered to Malta. It passed our campsite going downstream on April 26, 2015. Polsteam is a cargo ship company based in Poland with a fleet of 75 freighters. (Click picture to enlarge.)

Laker vs. Salty

Freighters designed to haul cargo on the Great Lakes (called Lakers) are longer than ocean freighters (Salties). The maximum length to width ratio for a Salty is about 7 to 1, while Lakers have a maximum ratio of about 10 to 1.

The longer design of Lakers compared with Salties is due to the difference between lake waves and ocean waves. Ocean waves are taller than waves on the Great Lakes, and they are closer together. The resulting stresses on the long hulls of Lakers are too great when riding over ocean swells. With an ocean wave lifting the bow and another the stern, nothing supports the middle of the laker and it breaks up. The longer design to carry more cargo is feasible on the Great Lakes with their smaller waves and greater interval between waves.

Harbour First Salty

Harbour First
This empty ocean freighter headed upriver past our campsite on April 26, 2015. She is a chemical and oil products tanker. Built in 2011, she is 472 ft long and sails under Portugal’s flag. (Click picture to enlarge.)

Noah’s Ark, the First Ocean Freighter

Noah’s Ark would have been comparable to today’s ocean freighters.

This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. (‭Genesis‬ ‭6‬:‭15‬)

Noah’s Ark with a length of 300 cubits and a width (beam) of 50 cubits had a smaller length to width ratio of 6:1 than today’s Salties. This reduced ratio gave greater stability which was needed for the tremendous turbulence of Noah’s Flood.

How big was Noah’s Ark?
To answer this one needs to know the length of the cubit. A cubit was generally the distance between a man’s elbow and fingertips, but it varied somewhat throughout history as shown in this table:

Common cubit 18.0 in
Hebrew (short) 17.5 in
Hebrew (long) 20.4 in
Egyptian (short) 17.6 in
Egyptian (long) 20.6 in
Babylonian 19.8 in

 
Using the Hebrew long cubit of 20.4 inches or 1.7 feet (which was apparently what Solomon used for the Temple, 2 Chronicles 3:3), this means Noah’s Ark measured 510 feet long, 85 feet wide, and 51 feet high. Thus the Ark was a little bigger than most ocean freighters.

Comparison of ship sizes

Comparison of ship sizes

Noah designed and built a ship comparable to the ocean freighters in use today. And he captained that ship through the most tumultuous ocean storm ever (Genesis 7:11-24).

Noah’s “freighter” was built out of wood instead of iron like today’s freighters. This reduced its weight and facilitated flotation.

The Ark may well be the largest wooden ship ever built. It certainly carried the most valuable cargo of any freighter ever. It carried the “restart” for the world’s human and animal populations.

Click Noah’s Ark Model for pictures of a scale model of Noah’s Ark built by Ernesto Carrasco. The 7.5-foot model is now on display at the Institute for Creation Research in Dallas, TX.

Click Freighters to learn more than you ever wanted to know about bulk cargo freighters from Wikipedia.

Questions to Ponder

Use Archimedes’ Principle to answer the following questions:

  1. A small boat is floating in a swimming pool. Which will raise the water level on the side of the pool higher: throwing a dollar coin into the boat or throwing the coin into the water?
  2. Next, imagine you are in the boat floating in the swimming pool. You drop a dollar coin into the water and it sinks to the bottom. Does the water level on the side of the pool rise or lower or stay the same?
  3. HINT: If it’s too hard to think through these questions using Archimedes’ Principle, you can do an experiment with a pan of water, a floating lid, and a marble to determine the answers.

Soli Deo Gloria.

See these related articles I’ve written on Noah, the Ark, and the Flood:
Noah’s Flood—Key to the Past
Noah’s Flood—A Global Event
Noah’s Ark Replicas
Noah’s Ark Found?
Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Volcanoes, & Noah’s Flood
Rebuilding Noah’s Ark
Ark Encounter Park
Noah’s Ark Model in Holland
Noah’s Ark
Noah’s Ark Found?
(with video)
1. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Intro
2. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Kentucky Governor
(with YouTube videos)
3. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – How Big?
4. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Ark Encounter video
5. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Ark Encounter Park
6. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Location
(with maps)
7. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Funding
8. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Facing Opposition
9. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Ham Debates Lynn
(with video)
10. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – What Would Noah Think?
11. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Tour the Dutch Ark
(with video)
Dinosaurs on the Ark?
Tsunami Videos and Noah’s Flood
Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Volcanoes, & Noah’s Flood
USA TODAY features Noah’s Ark
Marilyn Monroe and the Age of the Earth
Wallenda, Niagara, & Noah’s Flood
(with video)
Mystery of Noah’s Flood (with videos)
Leftover from Noah’s Flood?
Noah, the Movie
(with videos)
The Truth about Noah
Meet the Real Noah
(with video)
Could Noah Fill the Earth?
How Many Died in Noah’s Flood?
Is 10 Trillion Flood Deaths Reasonable?

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday May 13, 2015 A.D.

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened. The rain fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights. On the very same day Noah and Shem and Ham and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’s wife and the three wives of his sons with them, entered the ark, they and every beast after its kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, all sorts of birds. So they went into the ark to Noah, by twos of all flesh in which was the breath of life. Those that entered, male and female of all flesh, entered as God had commanded him; and the Lord closed it behind him. Then the flood came upon the earth for forty days, and the water increased and lifted up the ark, so that it rose above the earth. The water prevailed and increased greatly upon the earth, and the ark floated on the surface of the water. The water prevailed more and more upon the earth, so that all the high mountains everywhere under the heavens were covered. The water prevailed fifteen cubits higher, and the mountains were covered. All flesh that moved on the earth perished, birds and cattle and beasts and every swarming thing that swarms upon the earth, and all mankind; of all that was on the dry land, all in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, died. Thus He blotted out every living thing that was upon the face of the land, from man to animals to creeping things and to birds of the sky, and they were blotted out from the earth; and only Noah was left, together with those that were with him in the ark. The water prevailed upon the earth one hundred and fifty days. (Genesis 7:11-24)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | May 6, 2015

Naming the Stars

V838 Monocerotis

V838 Monocerotis
A variable red supergiant star in the constellation
Monoceros (Unicorn). It is 20,000 light-years
away and was first observed in Jan 2002 due to a
light outburst from the star. After the outburst
the Hubble telescope captured this image of the
light echo illuminating surrounding dust clouds.

The stars of the heavens show forth the glory of God.

Lift up your eyes on high and see who has created these stars, the One who leads forth their host by number, He calls them all by name. Because of the greatness of His might and the strength of His power not one of them is missing. (Isaiah 40:26)

He counts the number of the stars; He gives names to all of them. Great is our Lord, and abundant in strength; His understanding is infinite. (Psalms 147:4-5)

How many stars are there? This is a simple question that even a kindergartner can understand, but no man alive can answer it. But Yahweh knows exactly how many stars He made on Creation Day Four about 6,000 years ago. And He calls each individually by name.

The previous blog, He Made the Stars Also, cited a 2010 estimate of
300 sextillion = 3 × 1023 = 300,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars in the observable universe. Only God knows how many stars are in the unobservable universe — very possibly there are even more stars in the unobservable universe than in the portion we can observe. God made all these innumerable stars in just one day around 6,000 years ago and placed them in the heavens.

Contrary to what astronomers say, stars do not die. Isaiah gives as evidence of Yahweh’s might and power that not a single star is missing (Isaiah 40:26).

Andromeda Galaxy

Andromeda Galaxy
A spiral galaxy with a trillion stars
about 2.5 million light-years away.
Andromeda is more than 220,000 LY
in diameter. (Click image to enlarge.)

Naming the Stars

He counts the number of the stars; He gives names to all of them. Great is our Lord, and abundant in strength; His understanding is infinite. (Psalms 147:4-5)

Not only did God make all the stars, He also named each of the over 300 sextillion stars.

That’s an astonishing accomplishment, to come up with 300 sextillion unique names without repeats!

It’s not easy to come up with a large quantity of unique names. In the US, three-fourths of the population share a pool of a thousand common names, according to the Social Security Administration.

For example, over the last hundred years, the names James, John, Robert, Michael and William have been used about 4 million times each. In fact, out of about 4 million babies born in the US last year, less than 1% of them (0.625%) got a first name shared by only 25 or fewer other newborns! For surnames, Smith and Johnson are used by 2 million people in the U.S. The next surnames Williams, Brown, Jones, Miller, and Davis each represent more than a million people. (2000 U. S. Census)

How long would the words have to be to give individual names to all the estimated 300 sextillion (3 × 1023) observable stars, using the English alphabet?

There are 26 possible single letter names, 262 possible double letter names, 263 possible triple letter names, and so on. Add up all these numbers
26 + 262 + 263 + … + 26N
to get the total number of possible names ranging from 1 letter long to N letters long.

Summing the geometric series one gets
26 + 262 + 263 + … + 26N = (26N – 26) / 25

How large must N be for this sum to exceed 3 × 1023?
(26N – 26) / 25 >= 3 × 1023
Solving for the minimum whole number N for which this inequality is true,
one gets N = 18.

Thus to name all the observable stars in English with the minimum number of letters, all letter combinations of 17 letters or less plus most of the 18 letter combinations would have to be used.

This would produce many totally unpronounceable letter combinations. If you’ve marveled at some Eastern European surnames, you would be floored by some of the star names. On the other hand, if your name has less than 18 letters, you probably have a star named for you already!

Since it is unlikely that every letter combination of 17 letters or less would be used, there are probably many star names that in English are much longer than 17 letters.

Stephan Quintet

Stephan Quintet
A group of five galaxies sighted by Edouard Stephan in 1877 in the Pegasus constellation. The upper left whitish one is 40 million light-years away; the other four yellowish ones are 290 million ly away – too far for Hubble to resolve individual stars. In the top right galaxy, each red dot just above or to the right is a cluster of many thousands of stars.

No Two Stars Alike

Scripture says that “star differs from star in glory.” (1 Corinthians 15:41) No two stars are the same; every star and galaxy is different. Astronomers have observed many different types of stars and a variety of completely unexplained astral and galactic phenomena.

For example, the red supergiant star V838 Monocerotis (pictured at the top) in the constellation Monoceros (Unicorn) became 10,000 times brighter in one day in February 2002. Nobody knows why or how this happened.

The total energy of all these stars and galaxies is incomprehensible to humans. The power of the Creator is beyond man’s imagination. A Creator whose marvelous works include these stupendous feats of creating, numbering, and naming an unfathomable quantity of gigantic fiery unique stars merits our continual awe, worship, and enthusiastic praise!

Questions to Ponder
  1. What aspect of God’s creative work in making, numbering, and naming the stars is most awe-inspiring to you?
  2. What amazing information about the Creator can you tell someone today?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read the prequel:
He Made the Stars Also

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday May 6, 2015 A.D.

By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible. (Hebrews 11:3)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | April 29, 2015

He Made the Stars Also

Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A

Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A
Cassiopeia A is the remnant of a supernova explosion
325 years ago. It is 10,000 light-years away in the
constellation Cassiopeia. It consists of a neutron star
surrounded by a shell of material that was blasted off
in the explosion. The neutron star is the turquoise dot
in the center of the shell. (False-color combo image
from Hubble, Spitzer, Chandra Space Telescopes.)

The first words of the Bible launch a foundational verse:
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)

But often overlooked is part of a verse that appears later in the chapter. I think of this verse as God’s little stone in man’s shoe:
HE MADE THE STARS ALSO. (Genesis 1:16)

This brief comment leaps off the page from the end of a verse which describes God’s creative activity on Creation Day Four (Genesis 1:16).

But in the original Hebrew the comment is even briefer — it reads simply “and the stars“:
And God maketh the two great luminaries, the great luminary for the rule of the day, and the small luminary — and the stars — for the rule of the night.
(Genesis 1:16, Young’s Literal Translation)

Yet this very brief comment, just a little stone in your shoe to keep snagging your attention and make you ponder, is truly astronomically astounding!!! Think what “and the stars” entails:

The galaxies God made in a single day 6,000 years ago range from dwarf galaxies with “only” ten million (10,000,000) stars to giant galaxies with 100 trillion (100,000,000,000,000) stars. Our own Milky Way galaxy contains over 100 billion (100,000,000,000) stars and is about 100,000 light-years across. And there are well over 100 billion galaxies in the observable universe.

The largest known galaxy in the universe is the yellow-red elliptical galaxy IC 1101. It lies one billion light-years away and is six million light-years across. It contains 100 trillion stars. Comparing IC 1101 with the Milky Way, IC 1101 is 60 times as large with 1,000 times as many stars.

IC 1101’s 100 trillion stars are too many for the human mind to comprehend. How big is 100 trillion = 100,000,000,000,000? It’s far greater than the age of the universe in seconds. The universe has only existed for about 6,000 years or a bit less than 190 billion (190,000,000,000) seconds. To reach 100 trillion seconds would take over 3 million years.

Lift up your eyes on high and see who has created these stars, the One who leads forth their host by number, He calls them all by name. Because of the greatness of His might and the strength of His power not one of them is missing. (Isaiah 40:26)

20020520-StarWars

Counting the Stars

He counts the number of the stars; He gives names to all of them. Great is our Lord, and abundant in strength; His understanding is infinite. (Psalms 147:4-5)

How many stars did God make on Creation Day Four? A 2010 estimate reported
300 sextillion = 3 × 1023 = 300,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars in the observable universe.

For comparison, a 95-year-old has lived for about 3 billion seconds. This 2010 estimate of the number of stars is a hundred trillion TIMES that amount.

Only God knows how many stars are in the unobservable universe — very possibly there are even more stars in the unobservable universe than in the portion we can observe. God made all these innumerable stars in just one day and placed them in the heavens.

Yet man, with all of his boastful intellect, does not know how to make a single star. Man does not even know for sure how stars work.

The total energy of all these stars and galaxies is incomprehensible to humans. The power of the Creator is beyond man’s imagination. Yet man daily dares to insult and profane his Maker. Go figure.

How many stars are there? It’s a very simple question, yet man cannot answer it. God alone has numbered the stars.

Sombrero Galaxy

Sombrero Galaxy
Sombrero’s bulging glow of light comes from 800 Billion stars. Sombrero is 28 million
light-years away in the constellation Virgo and is 50,000 light-years across. The dots of
light are not stars but thousands of other galaxies, including a pair of twin galaxies at
the bottom at 7 O’clock. (Click image to enlarge.)

Destiny of Stars

Scripture indicates that all these innumerable stars, each radiating incomprehensible amounts of energy, will one day be destroyed:

And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree. (Isaiah 34:4)

But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. (Matthew 24:29)

But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up. (2 Peter 3:10)

I looked when He broke the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth made of hair, and the whole moon became like blood; and the stars of the sky fell to the earth, as a fig tree casts its unripe figs when shaken by a great wind. The sky was split apart like a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. (Revelation 6:12-14)

The Almighty Creator who made and sustains the stars can at any moment disintegrate them as He wills. This will be an awesome demonstration of his power and might.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What aspect of God’s creative work in making, numbering, and finally extinguishing the stars is most awe-inspiring to you?
  2. What concrete step can help remind you to keep giving our awesome Creator worship and praise?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read the sequel:
Naming the Stars

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday April 29, 2015 A.D.

By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible. (Hebrews 11:3)

Older Posts »

Categories

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,514 other followers

%d bloggers like this: