Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | March 4, 2015

Kepler’s Business Card

Kepler

Kepler

Have you ever met a dog who has his own business card? If not, then let me introduce you to Kepler so you can learn the reason for his card!

Kepler is our 11-month-old Jack Russell terrier puppy named for the Biblical creationist, mathematician, and astronomer Johann Kepler(1571-1630) who discovered the three Laws of Planetary Motion.

Kepler is an appealing little dog who draws lots of attention and stimulates strangers’ comments wherever he goes. Whether at a campground, a festival, or walking our neighborhood, Kepler considers all people and dogs friends. He is always eager to meet someone new.

I decided to put Kepler’s ability to “break the ice” with people to good use. I wanted his magnetism to “put a stone in people’s shoes.” In other words, I hoped people would leave our conversations about the dog with something significant to mull over. To that end, when people show special interest in Kepler, I give them Kepler’s card.

Like many business cards, the front of the card has the puppy’s name and picture. It includes identifying info for his namesake Johann Kepler, along with this quote from Professor Kepler:

“The chief aim of all investigations of the external world should be to discover the rational order and harmony which has been imposed on it by God.”

Here is a picture of the front of Kepler’s card:
KeplerCard

Here is a picture of the back of Kepler’s card:
KeplerCardBack

The Bible verses on the back of Kepler’s card are signed with paw prints. The first verse on the back is the foundational verse for the entire Bible:
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)

The second verse on the back is what I think of as God’s stone in man’s shoe.
He made the stars also. (Genesis 1:16)

This brief comment leaps off the page from the end of a Bible verse which describes God’s creative activity on the Fourth Day of Creation (Genesis 1:16).

But in the original Hebrew the comment is even briefer — simply “and the stars“:
And God maketh the two great luminaries, the great luminary for the rule of the day, and the small luminary — and the stars — for the rule of the night.
(Genesis 1:16, Young’s Literal Translation)

Globular Star Cluster M15

Globular Star Cluster M15
M15 with over 100,000 stars is 175 light-years across and is about 33,600 light-years away in the constellation Pegasus in the Milky Way galaxy.

Yet this very brief understated comment, just a little stone in your shoe to keep snagging your attention, is truly astronomically astounding!!! Think what “and the stars” entails:

The galaxies God made in a single day 6,000 years ago range from dwarf galaxies with “only” ten million (10,000,000) stars to giant galaxies with 100 trillion (100,000,000,000,000) stars. Our own Milky Way galaxy contains over 100 billion (100,000,000,000) stars. And there are well over 100 billion galaxies in the observable universe.

The total energy of all these stars and galaxies is incomprehensible to humans. The power of the Creator is beyond man’s imagination. Yet man daily dares to insult and profane his Maker. Go figure.

Lift up your eyes on high and see who has created these stars, the One who leads forth their host by number, He calls them all by name. Because of the greatness of His might and the strength of His power not one of them is missing. (Isaiah 40:26)

The final passage on Kepler’s card comes from the Apostle Peter’s sermon in Acts 10 for Cornelius’ relatives and friends. It outlines the basics of the Gospel:
You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing…They also put Him to death by hanging Him on a cross. God raised Him up on the third day and granted that He become visible…to witnesses who were chosen beforehand by God…after He arose from the dead. This is the One who has been appointed by God as Judge of the living and the dead. Of Him all the prophets bear witness that through His name everyone who believes in Him receives forgiveness of sins. (Acts 10:38-43)

I trust that God will use Kepler’s business card, in particular the Scripture on its back, to impact people for eternity.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Has God used anyone to “put a stone in your shoe?” That is, did someone plant an idea that worried around in your head and nagged at your heart, creating a discomfort that only God could relieve? How did they slip the stone into your shoe?
  2. What is your favorite technique for putting a stone in someone’s shoe?
  3. Think of an ordinary question you get asked frequently. How could you use that opportunity to put a stone in someone’s shoe?
  4. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Note: I got the “put a stone in someone’s shoe” terminology from Christian apologist Greg Koukl of Stand to Reason.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read the prequels on our puppy Kepler:
Why I Named Our Puppy “Kepler”
Kepler’s Kind
Kepler’s Lopsided Trade
Kepler’s Amazing Nose

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday March 4, 2015 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | February 25, 2015

Brian Williams & the Resurrection

NBC anchor Brian Williams at April 2011 Time 100 gala

NBC anchor Brian Williams
(April 2011 Time 100 gala)

What would cause an admired and acclaimed leading news anchor to be suspended for 6 months without pay?

How could this happen to someone like NBC’s Nightly News Anchor and Managing Editor Brian Williams?

Williams had reported that his helicopter had been hit by rocket-propelled grenade fire and forced down while covering the Iraq war in March 2003. Williams repeated this story on the NBC Nightly News on Friday, January 30, 2015. However, soldiers who were present at the time Williams claimed to have been shot down disputed his account to Stars and Stripes.
(See also Soldiers offer eyewitness accounts of the Brian Williams Chinook story, Stars and Stripes, Feb 6, 2015.)

Subsequently on Wednesday, February 4, 2015, Williams apologized for misremembering and conflating events in his mind as he tried to recall circumstances from 12 years previously.

On Tuesday, February 10, NBC News President Deborah Turness said,

“While on Nightly News on Friday, January 30, 2015, Brian misrepresented events which occurred while he was covering the Iraq War in 2003. It then became clear that on other occasions Brian had done the same while telling that story in other venues. This was wrong and completely inappropriate for someone in Brian’s position. As Managing Editor and anchor of Nightly News, Brian has a responsibility to be truthful and to uphold the high standards of the news division at all times….We believe this suspension is the appropriate and proportionate action.”
(From Brian Williams suspended for six months, USA Today, Feb 10, 2015.)

How Should Christians Respond?

Everyone of us has lied at least once in our life and probably many times for most of us. We just have not been caught so publicly as Mr. Williams. If he acknowledges his misstatements or falsehoods, we should be willing to forgive him and give him a second chance.

Nevertheless, I am very glad to see NBC uphold Truth as a vital value, even though I think it’s somewhat hypocritical. NBC has covered and promoted lying liberals for years with little criticism and precious few if any attempts to hold them to a standard of truth. Yet they feel their anchor must tell the truth.

The six-month suspension without pay is suitable discipline. I would restore him to his job when the suspension is completed.

How Does This Relate to the Resurrection of Jesus?

I think this Williams incident illustrates the credibility of the Resurrection accounts.

Williams’ fairly innocuous, relatively meaningless lie could not stand up to public scrutiny. Eyewitnesses came forward to dispute and disprove Williams’ account.

20090403-EasterDevolution

The apostles’ claim that Jesus had been raised from the dead was a far greater and much more significant claim than that of Williams. Yet there is no record of anybody disputing or disproving the claim.

Why was the soldier-guarded tomb empty? All that was needed to falsify the Resurrection claim was to produce the body. Where was the body?

The Resurrection of Jesus has withstood the most intense scrutiny of any historical claim. The Jewish leaders of the time would dearly loved to have been able to shut up the apostles by disproving the Resurrection through producing the body. They could not do so. All they could do was try to silence the apostles through threats. Over the ensuing 2000 years, innumerable people have sought to disprove or explain away the Resurrection without success.

The Gospels, Acts, and the Epistles in the New Testament are our best historical sources on the Resurrection. They document eyewitness accounts of what happened. They are reports by men who paid with severe persecution and eventually with their lives for their insistent testimony to the Resurrection.

The apostles claimed they saw the body from the tomb in the resurrected Jesus. The Apostle Paul reports that over 500 people, most of whom were still alive when Paul wrote, saw Jesus simultaneously (1 Corinthians 15:3-8). Far fewer than 500 people were available to correct Brian Williams’ account, and yet it was caught and corrected.

Jesus’ grave was public knowledge and guarded by a cadre of Roman soldiers. All that was necessary to disprove Resurrection claims was to produce the body. Nobody produced the body, because they could not.

Empty grave clothes left in the tomb show that the body was not stolen (John 20:5-7). No grave robber would have taken the time and effort to unwrap the body, leave the grave clothes, and carry off the bare body. The body would be easier to carry away if it were still wrapped in grave clothes.

The disciples would not have declared and died for Resurrection claims that were so easily falsifiable, unless they knew Jesus rose from the dead.

Scripture records over 500 people seeing Jesus alive on at least 10 different occasions within weeks after He had been buried in a sealed tomb for three days and three nights. Matthew, Mark, John, Peter and Paul recorded testimony to the Resurrection as eyewitnesses. Investigative reporter Luke documented his research findings.

I believe the disciples. The empty tomb and discarded grave clothes thunder, “Resurrection.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Have you ever been publicly exposed in a lie? How embarrassing was it?
  2. Is it harder to forgive Brian Williams or a close confidant who lied to you?
  3. How do you explain the Resurrection? Did it happen as the Gospels report, or do you have some other explanation?
  4. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday February 25, 2015 A.D.

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He appeared to Peter, then to the twelve. After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep; then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles; and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also. (1 Corinthians 15:3-8)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | February 18, 2015

5. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Does It Matter?

PatternsExodusMahoney3

Is the Exodus from Egypt a legend or is it true history?

An outstanding recent documentary, Patterns of Evidence: Exodus, presents abundant archaeological evidence to dispute the consensus of opinion among archaeologists that the Exodus never happened.

This article concludes the review of Patterns of Evidence: Exodus that was begun in the prequels:
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate
4. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – What Did Jesus Think?

This fifth article considers this question: Does it matter whether the Exodus is a historical event that actually took place?

PatternsExodusControversial

Does It Matter?

To begin with, let’s clarify the issue by three questions:

Does it matter whether the Exodus plagues and the crossing of the Red Sea were real historical events or simply inspiring stories about events that never actually happened?

Does it matter whether the Biblical accounts of Creation, Adam’s Sin, Noah’s Flood, Tower of Babel, Virgin Birth, Crucifixion, and Resurrection are historically true or are only intriguing stories to encourage mankind?

Does it matter whether physical evidence can be found to back up the Bible’s report of these events?

The answer to these three questions is both Yes and No.

PatternsExodusTrue

Yes, It Does Matter

Yes, it does matter that events reported in Scripture actually occurred, no matter how many scholars state otherwise.

American Rabbi David Wolpe is the Rabbi of Sinai Temple in Los Angeles, CA, the largest Jewish congregation in the world. In 2007, 2008, and 2009 Newsweek Magazine named David Wolpe one of the fifty most important Rabbis in America. In 2012 Newsweek named him the most influential Rabbi in America. In the same year the Jerusalem Post listed him as one of the 50 most influential Jews in the world.

But Rabbi Wolpe does not believe the Exodus happened as the Torah describes. In the film, to explain his observance of Passover despite not believing in the Exodus, he said,

“Things that aren’t facts can be truths.”

Wolpe is saying that the Exodus never happened, but it doesn’t matter because the spiritual meaning of the “Exodus story” is what is important.

But it does matter! How can a spiritual truth be based on a lie? Judaism and Christianity are based on historical events that really happened. If they did not happen, the two faiths are worthless. Disbelief in the Exodus account undermines the Passover which pointed to the redemption from sin accomplished by Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God. It undermines the New Testament Epistles which explain the meaning of Christ’s redemptive work. Exodus denial undermines the basic message of the Old and New Testaments.

PatternsExodusPrager

Jewish talk-show host and film panelist Dennis Prager disagreed with all the anti-Exodus rabbis and scholars. He said, “I think it does matter if the Jews were slaves in Egypt and whether the Exodus took place.” Prager believes actual historical events comprise the essential foundation of Judaism and Christianity.

It absolutely does matter whether Old Testament events actually occurred. The theology and message of the Bible is grounded on historical events that actually happened. For example, if Adam’s Sin was not a historical event, then most of the Bible is meaningless. What do we need to be saved from if Adam did not sin?

PatternsExodusBimson

The Apostle Paul said that if Jesus was not raised from the dead, then faith is worthless, and believers are still in their sins (1 Corinthians 15:14-19). The hope of the Christian is grounded on the historical fact of the Resurrection.

If the events did not occur as the Bible reports, then the Bible is full of lies and cannot be trusted for anything.

No, It Does Not Matter

No, it does not matter whether physical evidence can be found to back up the Bible’s report of events.

The truth of the Bible does not depend on external supportive evidence. Just because evidence of an event cannot be found, does not mean the event did not happen. Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. Many historical events that we know about only through written records have left no archaeological trace.

However, I think filmmaker Tim Mahoney is right to look for evidence of Exodus-connected events. These six major events connected with the Exodus
1. Arrival of Joseph & Jacob’s family in Egypt
2. Multiplication of Hebrews into a nation in Egypt
3. Hebrew Enslavement in Egypt
4. Ten Plagues on Egypt
5. Exodus from Egypt
6. Conquest of Canaan by the Israelites
were impactful enough to potentially leave a footprint of physical evidence that is still discernible by archaeologists today. Thus it’s not surprising that Mahoney found evidence of these events that he presents in his film. His evidence simply corroborates the most important evidence of the events which is the Biblical record itself.

PatternsExodusKorthals

Finding external supportive evidence of the Bible’s historical accounts can be a big encouragement to Christians, and it occasionally may influence skeptics. Biblical archaeology is very interesting, rewarding, and helpful, but it is not necessary. Archaeology can only confirm a tiny percentage of the events of the past. That does not mean that events without archaeological support did not happen.

Instead of using archaeological evidence to evaluate the Bible, one should use the Bible to interpret the evidence. All evidence has to be interpreted. The correct approach is to base one’s thinking on the unchanging Word of God, rather than base one’s thinking on the ever changing results of man’s research, no matter what the field – archaeology, philosophy, or science. (1 Peter 1:24-25)

PatternsEvidExodPoster

How to See the Documentary

I strongly encourage viewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary. It has been shown twice so far this year in theaters on January 19 & 29. If there are subsequent theater showings, they will be announced at Fathom Events. Also many churches will likely show the DVD eventually. While the film probably will not convince any skeptics, it will be a huge encouragement to Christians. The book, movie DVD, and soundtrack are all available for pre-order at the documentary web site: Patterns of Evidence: Exodus.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Does it matter whether the Exodus actually occurred as described in the Bible? What do you think?
  2. If you saw the film, what was your reaction?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

This concludes the series of five articles reviewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary.
Read the prequels:
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts
(with video)
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate
4. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – What Did Jesus Think?

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read my other articles on Biblical Archaeology:
1. The Mystery of Tsinnur
2. Copper Country
3. One Night of Sin Spawns Centuries of Havoc
4. Blown to Pieces
5. Joseph’s Grain Silos Found in Egypt?
6. Archaeological Study Bible
7. Lost Treasures of the Bible
1. Eyewitness to Jesus
2. Early Date for Matthew
3. Forensic Evidence
4. Significance of the Magdalen Papyrus (w/ video)
Noah’s Ark Found? (with video)
1. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Intro
8. Hike the Bible – Roman Road
9. Hike the Bible – Via Maris
21. Hike the Bible – Jesus Boat
23. Hike the Bible – Capernaum Archaeology
25. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 2
26. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 3
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts (with video)
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate
4. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – What Did Jesus Think?

Read my other Movie Reviews:
The Genesis Code (with video)
Marilyn Monroe and the Age of the Earth
Mystery of Noah’s Flood (with videos)
God’s Not Dead, the Movie (with videos)
Noah, the Movie (with videos)
Exodus, the Movie (with video)
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts (with video)
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate
4. Patterns of Evidence: What Did Jesus Think?

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click
SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday February 18, 2015 A.D.

By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter; choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God, than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin; considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch them. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned.
(Hebrews 11:23-29)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | February 11, 2015

4. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – What Did Jesus Think?

PatternsExodusTrue2

Is the Exodus from Egypt a myth or is it the truth?

An outstanding recent documentary, Patterns of Evidence: Exodus, presents abundant archaeological evidence to dispute the consensus of opinion among archaeologists that the Exodus never happened.

What did Jesus think about the Exodus? Did He think it happened or not? Would Jesus say the Exodus was fact or legend?

This article continues the review of Patterns of Evidence: Exodus that was begun in the prequels:
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate

This fourth article shows that Jesus believed in the Exodus as a historical event that actually took place.

PatternsExodusCamels

What Did Jesus Think?

The best evidence that the Exodus event actually happened is Moses’ eyewitness report in the second book of the Bible called Exodus.

How did Jesus of Nazareth view Moses’ account? Did He think it was factual history or a legend?

Jesus believed in the Exodus and endorsed Moses’ report. In fact, He equated believing Moses’ written record with believing His own words:

“Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father; the one who accuses you is Moses, in whom you have set your hope. For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote of Me. But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?” (John 5:45-47)

Jesus startled hearers by stating that heeding Moses and the Prophets was sufficient to keep the rich man’s brothers out of hell. Jesus affirmed Moses and the Prophets as having greater credibility and being more convincing than a witness who came back from the dead. (Luke 16:29-31)

Filmmaker Tim Mahoney in Karnak, Egypt

Filmmaker Tim Mahoney in Karnak, Egypt

Jesus actively demonstrated His own belief in Exodus through His yearly observance of Passover reported in the Gospels.

The Passover Feast was explicitly commanded by God as an annual re-enactment and remembrance of the night the Death Angel passed over Hebrew homes that were marked with lambs’ blood. This was the Tenth Plague right before the Hebrews exited Egypt. There would be no reason for the institution of the Passover Feast apart from this historical event.

Tangible details further distinguish the historical nature of the report in Exodus 11 & 12—such as the instruction to ask one’s neighbor for silver and gold, the note that it happened at midnight, and the 10th of the month as a literal date.

Passover is anchored in real events that actually occurred. Moses goes to the length of explicitly prescribing dialogue with questioning children:
And when your children say to you, ‘What does this rite mean to you?’ you shall say, ‘It is a Passover sacrifice to the LORD who passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but spared our homes.’ (‭Exodus‬ ‭12‬:‭26-27‬)
To answer instead, “It is an ancient legend precious to our self-concept as a Jewish people,” is profane and rebellious.

God Himself explicitly established a direct link between His visible action in concrete historical events and His sovereign Lordship:
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, that I may perform these signs of Mine among them, and that you may tell in the hearing of your son, and of your grandson, how I made a mockery of the Egyptians and how I performed My signs among them, that you may know that I am the LORD. (‭Exodus‬ ‭10‬:‭1-2‬)
To say “These things didn’t really happen” is to profoundly insult the Almighty.

PatternsExodusWelke

Why instruct the Jews to remember the Exodus so elaborately if the Exodus never happened? In fact, a person who did not observe the Passover was to “be cut off from his people” (Numbers 9:13).

Following the Exodus, the Israelites spent 40 years in the wilderness. After they miraculously crossed the Jordan River to begin the conquest of Canaan, God again instituted a physical mechanism to remember this miraculous historical event:
Now it came about when all the nation had finished crossing the Jordan, that the LORD spoke to Joshua, saying, “Take for yourselves twelve men from the people, one man from each tribe, and command them, saying, ‘Take up for yourselves twelve stones from here out of the middle of the Jordan, from the place where the priests’ feet are standing firm, and carry them over with you, and lay them down in the lodging place where you will lodge tonight.'” So Joshua called the twelve men whom he had appointed from the sons of Israel, one man from each tribe; and Joshua said to them, “Cross again to the ark of the LORD your God into the middle of the Jordan, and each of you take up a stone on his shoulder, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Israel. “Let this be a sign among you, so that when your children ask later, saying, ‘What do these stones mean to you?’ then you shall say to them, ‘Because the waters of the Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of the LORD; when it crossed the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan were cut off.’ So these stones shall become a memorial to the sons of Israel forever.” (Joshua 4:1-7)

PatternsExodusPotter

Throughout their generations Yahweh wanted the Israelites to remember that this miraculous crossing of the Jordan River was a real historical event that actually happened. It was not a legend or fable. He commanded a stone monument of 12 fairly large stones (“each of you take up a stone on his shoulder“) as a memorial. Joshua reports this as history, and the stone monument testified to this event for generations.

Now the people came up from the Jordan on the tenth of the first month and camped at Gilgal on the eastern edge of Jericho. And those twelve stones which they had taken from the Jordan, Joshua set up at Gilgal. And he said to the sons of Israel, “When your children ask their fathers in time to come, saying, ‘What are these stones?’ then you shall inform your children, saying, ‘Israel crossed this Jordan on dry ground.’ “For the LORD your God dried up the waters of the Jordan before you until you had crossed, just as the LORD your God had done to the Red Sea, which He dried up before us until we had crossed; that all the peoples of the earth may know that the hand of the LORD is mighty, so that you may fear the LORD your God forever.” (Joshua 4:19-24)

It’s not at all surprising that Jesus believed in the Exodus. It follows logically and inevitably from the writings of Moses and Joshua and from the way Jesus treated the Old Testament as the Word of God (“Scripture cannot be broken” John 10:35). In fact, it’s incomprehensible even to speculate that Jesus did not believe in the Exodus.

PatternsExodusMitchell

The genealogy of Jesus also provides implicit support for the Israelite conquest of Canaan following the Exodus. If Jericho had not been conquered, there is no reason that Rahab would appear as the great-great-grandmother of King David in Matthew’s genealogy of Jesus (Matthew 1:5-6).

Jesus based much of His teaching on historical events in the Old Testament, both great and small. He referenced Creation, Noah’s Flood, Sodom & Gomorrah, Jonah’s great fish adventure, David’s eating the Temple bread, the Canaanite woman feeding Elijah, the murders of Abel and Zechariah, and others.

Jesus also referred to many events of Mosaic history which happened on the 40-year camping trip from Egypt to the Promised Land. This included the Law of Moses which was given at Mt. Sinai shortly after the Exodus from Egypt. If there were no Exodus, then there would have been no wilderness journey, and hence all Jesus’ references would have been vacuous. Here are some examples of Jesus’ references:
1. Jesus commanded a leper He healed to “show yourself to the priest and present the offering that Moses commanded” (Matthew 8:4).
2. In talking with Nicodemus about His identity and mission, Jesus used the bronze serpent that Moses lifted up in the wilderness on the way from Egypt to Canaan as an illustration of His own redemptive death on the cross. Jesus said,
As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up; that whoever believes may in Him have eternal life.” (John 3:14-15)
Using the “As … even so” formula, Jesus equated the fact of His redemptive work with the historical truth of Moses lifting up the serpent in the wilderness. If the Exodus were a myth, then Moses lifting up the serpent in the wilderness would be a myth, and Jesus’ argument would be meaningless.
3. Jesus actually talked with Moses on the Mount of Transfiguration. (Matthew 17:2-4)
4. Jesus quoted from Moses in the book of Exodus to defend the resurrection and afterlife: “But regarding the fact that the dead rise again, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I AM THE GOD OF ABRAHAM, AND THE GOD OF ISAAC, AND THE GOD OF JACOB’? He is not the God of the dead, but of the living; you are greatly mistaken.” (Mark 12:26-27)
5. Jesus answered questions about marriage and divorce by quoting Moses. (Matthew 19:3-9)
6. Jesus charged the Jewish leaders with using men’s traditions to invalidate God’s commands given through Moses. (Mark 7:8-13)
7. Jesus referred to the Israelites receiving manna from heaven through Moses in the wilderness. (John 6:30-33)
8. Jesus credited Moses with giving the Israelites the Law and the rite of circumcision. (John 7:19-23)
9. On the road to Emmaus after the Resurrection, Jesus explained to two disciples the things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures beginning with Moses: “These are My words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” (Luke 24:44)

These references by Jesus to events connected with the Exodus make no sense unless Jesus believed they were historically factual. Since Jesus believed in the Exodus, it is incumbent upon His followers to do so also, regardless of the vicissitudes of interpretations of archaeological discoveries.

PatternsEvidExodPoster

How to See the Documentary

I strongly encourage viewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary. It has been shown twice so far this year in theaters on January 19 & 29. If there are subsequent theater showings, they will be announced at Fathom Events. Also many churches will likely show the DVD eventually. While the film probably will not convince any skeptics, it will be a huge encouragement to Christians. The book, movie DVD, and soundtrack are all available for pre-order at the documentary web site: Patterns of Evidence: Exodus.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Do you think it is correct to say that Jesus believed in the Exodus?
  2. Does Jesus’ opinion on the Exodus matter to you?
  3. If you saw the film, what was your reaction to it?
  4. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Read the prequels reviewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary:
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts
(with video)
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate

Read the sequel reviewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary:
5. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Does It Matter?
Click SUBSCRIBE to go to the SUBSCRIBE Button in the sidebar to get the sequel article free by email.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read my other articles on Biblical Archaeology:
1. The Mystery of Tsinnur
2. Copper Country
3. One Night of Sin Spawns Centuries of Havoc
4. Blown to Pieces
5. Joseph’s Grain Silos Found in Egypt?
6. Archaeological Study Bible
7. Lost Treasures of the Bible
1. Eyewitness to Jesus
2. Early Date for Matthew
3. Forensic Evidence
4. Significance of the Magdalen Papyrus (w/ video)
Noah’s Ark Found? (with video)
1. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Intro
8. Hike the Bible – Roman Road
9. Hike the Bible – Via Maris
21. Hike the Bible – Jesus Boat
23. Hike the Bible – Capernaum Archaeology
25. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 2
26. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 3
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts (with video)
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate

Read my other Movie Reviews:
The Genesis Code (with video)
Marilyn Monroe and the Age of the Earth
Mystery of Noah’s Flood (with videos)
God’s Not Dead, the Movie (with videos)
Noah, the Movie (with videos)
Exodus, the Movie (with video)
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts (with video)
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click
SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday February 11, 2015 A.D.

By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter; choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God, than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin; considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch them. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned.
(Hebrews 11:23-29)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | February 4, 2015

3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate

PatternsExodusAbraham

Is the Exodus from Egypt a myth or is it the truth? Is there physical evidence in the dirt that corroborates the Bible’s account?

An outstanding documentary, Patterns of Evidence: Exodus, presents abundant evidence to dispute the consensus of opinion among archaeologists that the Exodus never happened.

Author and filmmaker Timothy Mahoney features over a dozen archaeologists and professors with expertise in Egyptian and Israeli archaeology. These experts represent both sides of the Exodus issue: those who believe it did not happen and those who believe it did. The in-depth interviews with some of the world’s top experts in the fields of Archaeology, Egyptology, and Biblical History are a key feature of the film.

This article continues the review of Patterns of Evidence: Exodus that was begun in the prequels:
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts
This third article looks at competing opinions on the Exodus expressed in the film.

PatternsExodusMahoneyMap

The totality of the evidence Mahoney gathers is weighty and impressive. In summary, he effectively presents archaeological indications and evidence of Joseph in Egypt and of a Semitic population mushrooming in the Nile delta. This Semitic group experiences slavery and hardship, then departs suddenly and reappears later in Canaan as a populous nation called “Israel” which proceeds with a military conquest of Canaan. This sequence fits the Biblical record very well.

The Debate

Filmmaker Mahoney presents compelling evidence. But most archaeologists ignore these findings, because they do not fit their own preconceived timeline. The movie argues that the reason archaeologists haven’t recognized any evidence of the Exodus is that they are looking in the wrong time period. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus builds a strong case that the Exodus actually happened around 1450 BC, just as the Bible’s timeline indicates, instead of around 1250 BC as most archaeologists assume.

Will Exodus skeptics watch this film, smack their forehead, and exclaim,
Duh! We sure missed the boat on the Exodus!“?

Not a chance! Most of the scholars who were interviewed pooh-poohed Mahoney’s findings.

Denying Historical Validity

PatternsExodusFinkelstein

Israel Finkelstein is one of Israel’s leading archaeologists and one of the experts interviewed in the film. He denies all evidence of the Exodus and Conquest of Canaan as he disputes most of the historical record of the Pentateuch and Joshua. In his book The Bible Unearthed, which would be more accurately titled The Bible Buried, Finkelstein says:

“The process we describe here is, in fact, the opposite of what we have in the Bible: the emergence of early Israel was an outcome of the collapse of the Canaanite culture, not its cause. And most of the Israelites did not come from outside Canaan – they emerged from within it. There was no mass Exodus from Egypt. There was no violent conquest of Canaan. Most of the people who formed early Israel were local people – the same people whom we see in the highlands throughout the Bronze and Iron Ages. The early Israelites were – irony of ironies – themselves originally Canaanites!”
(Israel Finkelstein, The Bible Unearthed, Free Press, 2002, p. 118)

PatternsExodusHerzog

Ze’ev Herzog is a Tel Aviv University archaeologist who does not believe in the Exodus either. He wrote in Haaretz (Israel’s oldest daily newspaper):

“Following 70 years of intensive excavations in the Land of Israel, archaeologists have found out: The patriarchs’ acts are legendary, the Israelites did not sojourn in Egypt or make an exodus, they did not conquer the land. Neither is there any mention of the empire of David and Solomon, nor of the source of belief in the God of Israel. These facts have been known for years, but Israel is a stubborn people and nobody wants to hear about it.

This is what archaeologists have learned from their excavations in the Land of Israel: the Israelites were never in Egypt, did not wander in the desert, did not conquer the land in a military campaign and did not pass it on to the 12 tribes of Israel. Perhaps even harder to swallow is the fact that the united monarchy of David and Solomon, which is described by the Bible as a regional power, was at most a small tribal kingdom.”
(From Herzog, Deconstructing the Walls of Jericho, Haaretz, October 29, 1999)

Even prominent Jewish rabbis like the late Sherwin Wine adamantly deny the Exodus. Rabbi Wine, known as “the rabbi who doesn’t believe in God,” says in his book A Provocative People: A Secular History of the Jews,

“The Jews did not begin with Abraham….The Jews did not emerge as a nation under the leadership of Moses. They were never rescued from slavery in Egypt. They never stopped at Sinai.”
(Wine, A Provocative People: A Secular History of the Jews, International Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism, 2012, p. iii)

Speaking of the Biblical account from Abraham through the Exodus to the Conquest of Canaan, Rabbi Wine says in the same book,

“This is the biblical story of the origins of the Jewish people. Wherever Jews and Christians are to be found, this story is popular and familiar. It is so popular and so familiar that it has been incorporated into the patriotism and the holidays of the Jewish and Christian worlds. While the story may be familiar, charming and even inspirational, it suffers from a major problem. It is simply not true. There is no evidence—beyond the text of the Bible—that most of these events took place, or that most of these people really existed.”
(Wine, Prologue to A Provocative People: A Secular History of the Jews)

Mainstream archaeologists who accept the Exodus place it around 1250 BC under Ramses the Great, primarily because Exodus 1:11 says the Hebrew slaves built Ramses, a storage city for Pharoah. However, Ramses was a general name for the region used as far back as the time of Joseph (Genesis 47:11) — 400 years before the Exodus. So the Exodus 1:11 reference cannot be used to connect the time of the Exodus to Pharoah Ramses II anymore than the Genesis 47:11 reference connects Joseph to Pharoah Ramses.

PatternsExodusRohl

PatternsExodusMahoney

PatternsExodusRohl2

Affirming Historical Validity

Egyptologist David Rohl is a prominent exception to the scholarly consensus denying the Exodus. Rohl is an agnostic who is not convinced of the existence of God, but he sees clear archaeological evidence of Joseph and the Hebrews in the ancient city of Avaris in the Nile Delta. Rohl says that Moses was the greatest of historians and that the Bible is the world’s first history book. He thinks mainstream archaeologists miss the evidence for the Exodus because they are looking in the wrong time period. In the film he presented archaeological evidence that corroborated the historical accounts of Moses and Joshua, as they report on the Hebrews’ time in Egypt, the Exodus, and the Israelite conquest of Canaan.

The Exodus is not the first Biblical event denied validity by scholars due to lack of evidence (before archaeologists later found corroborating evidence). Many scholars once denied the existence of King David because no archaeological evidence for him had been found. But in 1993 archaeologists found an inscription by King Hazael of Aram (Syria) referring to his victory over a member of “the house of David.”
(Menachem Wecker, Ancient rock adds evidence of King David’s existence, The Times of Israel, December 16, 2014.)

Another example is the Hittite nation which according to the Bible was once a mighty people in the days of Elisha (2 Kings 7:6). Yet liberal scholars were sure the Hittites never existed simply because archaeologists had found no physical evidence for them. But now numerous artifacts from the Hittite culture have been unearthed. The Hittite archives alone fill over 100 volumes of cuneiform records. The Hittite kingdom extended over most of what is Turkey and Syria today, and even into Europe.
(Kitchen, On the Reliability of the Old Testament, Erdmans, 2003, p. 4.
Unearthed Hittite Artifacts in Istanbul Break New Ground, Hurriyet Daily News, Istanbul, October 31, 2013.)

PatternsExodusBimsonJ

The Bible teaches a date for the Exodus that is in line with the evidence Mahoney and Rohl present in the documentary. According to 1 Kings 6:1,
Now it came about in the four hundred and eightieth year after the sons of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord.
Since Solomon’s reign began in 970 BC, this puts the Exodus at 1446 BC.

Near the end of the film, Mahoney summarized his case for revising Egyptian chronology:

“It’s startling to think how significant this could be because chronology, the dates assigned to these events, is the thing being used to convince the world that the Bible is just a fairy tale. But look at the pattern! Evidence matching Joseph and the early Israelites’ arrival in Egypt, their tremendous multiplication, their descent into slavery, the judgment and collapse of Egypt, the deliverance and Exodus of the Semitic population, and, finally, in Canaan, evidence matching the conquest of the Promised Land. I know there’s a lot of disagreement over the dating, but what strikes me is that if you put all the dates to the side for a moment, what emerges from the archaeology is this pattern that matches the Bible every step of the way–and doesn’t that deserve to be taken seriously? But for now, those who hold to established conventions will not allow these connections to be made.”

The Exodus-opposing scholars of the film are all well-aware of the evidence David Rohl discussed. Why didn’t these scholars see how it substantiated Scripture’s record? I believe the answer is that they have a different set of presuppositions, a different worldview that prevents them from recognizing the significance of the evidence. One’s philosophical starting point always determines one’s interpretation of evidence. In addition, the power of academic pressure is hard to resist, especially when careers, books, and scholarly publications are based on the conventional “1250 BC Exodus” interpretation.

Patterns of Evidence: Exodus makes a compelling case for the Exodus occurring about 1450 BC in contrast to the late date of 1250 BC that most archaeologists accept. The film will make the historicity of the Exodus a topic of interest among lay people. It will be an encouragement to many Christians as it presents evidence supporting the Biblical timeline.

We don’t need archaeological confirmation to know the Bible is true and historically factual. It is fully reliable as God’s inerrant Word. Jesus Himself said Scripture cannot be broken (John 10:35). Even viewed as an ancient manuscript, its own internal evidence of Divine authorship is outstanding. But where man’s discoveries do match up to Scripture’s eternal unchanging truth, it can help someone who is searching to take a few more steps in their journey toward faith.

ExodusRevealed

Mahoney plans a second film on the Route of the Exodus and the Crossing of the Red Sea, as these aspects were not covered in the Exodus film.

A good earlier documentary from 2002 by Questar covers some of the same evidence that Mahoney does. Questar’s Exodus Revealed: Searching for the Red Sea Crossing also discusses the Red Sea Crossing and the location of Mt. Sinai.

How to See the Documentary

I strongly encourage viewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary. If there are subsequent theater showings, they will be announced at http://www.fathomevents.com/. Also many churches will likely show the DVD eventually. While the film probably will not convince any skeptics, it will be a huge encouragement to Christians. The book, movie DVD, and soundtrack are all available for pre-order at the documentary web site: Patterns of Evidence: Exodus.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What preconceived ideas do you have that prevent you from recognizing truth Yahweh has placed in your path?
  2. Will you ask God to open your eyes to truth you might be missing?
  3. If you saw the film, what was your reaction?
  4. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Read the prequels reviewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary:
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts
(with video)

Read the sequels reviewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary:
4. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – What Did Jesus Think?
5. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Does It Matter?

Click SUBSCRIBE to go to the SUBSCRIBE Button in the sidebar to get the sequel articles free by email.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read my other articles on Biblical Archaeology:
1. The Mystery of Tsinnur
2. Copper Country
3. One Night of Sin Spawns Centuries of Havoc
4. Blown to Pieces
5. Joseph’s Grain Silos Found in Egypt?
6. Archaeological Study Bible
7. Lost Treasures of the Bible
1. Eyewitness to Jesus
2. Early Date for Matthew
3. Forensic Evidence
4. Significance of the Magdalen Papyrus (w/ video)
Noah’s Ark Found? (with video)
1. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Intro
8. Hike the Bible – Roman Road
9. Hike the Bible – Via Maris
21. Hike the Bible – Jesus Boat
23. Hike the Bible – Capernaum Archaeology
25. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 2
26. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 3
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts (with video)

Read my other Movie Reviews:
The Genesis Code (with video)
Marilyn Monroe and the Age of the Earth
Mystery of Noah’s Flood (with videos)
God’s Not Dead, the Movie (with videos)
Noah, the Movie (with videos)
Exodus, the Movie (with video)
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts (with video)

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click
SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday February 4, 2015 A.D.

By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter; choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God, than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin; considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch them. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned.
(Hebrews 11:23-29)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | January 28, 2015

2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts

PatternsExodusRamses

Is the Bible’s account of the Israelites’ Exodus from Egypt a myth?

Or are most archaeologists wrong when they say there is no evidence of an Egyptian sojourn and Exodus?

A recent documentary boldly confronts the general consensus of opinion among archaeologists, Egyptologists, and scholars that the Exodus as described in the Bible never happened. Most say if it did happen, then it occurred around 1250 BC under Ramses II (aka Ramses the Great), but they say there’s absolutely no archaeological evidence for it then.

This outstanding documentary, Patterns of Evidence: Exodus, presents abundant evidence to dispute this consensus of opinion. This film from Thinking Man Films chronicles 12 years of in-depth archaeological research in Egypt and Israel by author and filmmaker Timothy Mahoney. He interviews over a dozen archaeologists and professors with expertise in Egyptian and Israeli archaeology on both sides of the Exodus issue: those who believe it did not happen and those who believe it did.

This article continues the review of Patterns of Evidence: Exodus that was begun in the prequel 1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen? This second article looks at some of the film’s interesting archaeological evidence corroborating the Biblical accounts.

Here’s the 3’41” trailer for the movie:

The Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary asks the fundamental question:
At any time during Egyptian history is there any physical evidence that the Exodus actually happened?

PatternsExodusMahoney2

Mahoney organized his research into this question by six major events which he believed should have left some physical evidence that could be found by archaeologists:
1. Arrival of Joseph & Jacob’s family in Egypt
2. Multiplication of Hebrews into a nation in Egypt
3. Hebrew Enslavement in Egypt
4. Ten Plagues on Egypt
5. Exodus from Egypt
6. Conquest of Canaan by the Israelites

Mahoney presented multiple fascinating and convincing archaeological evidences for each of these events. They form a pattern in Egyptian history that matches the Biblical accounts in Genesis, Exodus and Joshua. But the pattern occurs hundreds of years before mainstream archaeologists think it should – much earlier in Egyptian history than 1250 BC.

These archaeologists discounted Mahoney’s evidence, because it did not fit their preconceived timeline. The movie argues that the reason archaeologists haven’t found any evidence is that they are looking in the wrong time period. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus builds a strong case that the Exodus actually happened around 1450 BC, just as the Bible’s timeline indicates.

PatternsExodusJoseph

Presumed statue of Joseph

Presumed Statue of Joseph
Wearing multi-colored robe at Avaris

Evidence

In the ancient Egyptian city of Avaris (later renamed Ramses), excavation has uncovered what is thought to be Joseph’s palace and tomb with a twice-life-size statue of a Semite wearing a multi-colored robe. The tomb is empty — no bones! This matches the Biblical report that Moses honored Joseph’s dying request to take his bones back to the Promised Land when the Israelites left Egypt (Genesis 50:24-26; Exodus 13:19). Grave robbers take treasures from tombs but not old bones.

PatternsExodusBryantWood

PatternsExodusNileMap

PatternsExodusAvaris

PatternsExodusBabyBoys

Was there ever a period of time in Egyptian history when an enormous transfer of wealth, land, and power from the Egyptian people to Pharaoh occurred? Archaeologists have found it as Bryant Wood reports at right, and the Bible records it happening as a result of Joseph’s famine policy:
Now there was no food in all the land, because the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine. And Joseph gathered all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan for the grain which they bought, and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house. And when the money was all spent in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us food, for why should we die in your presence? For our money is gone.” Then Joseph said, “Give up your livestock, and I will give you food for your livestock, since your money is gone.” So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them food in exchange for the horses and the flocks and the herds and the donkeys; and he fed them with food in exchange for all their livestock that year. And when that year was ended, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We will not hide from my lord that our money is all spent, and the cattle are my lord’s. There is nothing left for my lord except our bodies and our lands. “Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for food, and we and our land will be slaves to Pharaoh. So give us seed, that we may live and not die, and that the land may not be desolate.” So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh, for every Egyptian sold his field, because the famine was severe upon them. Thus the land became Pharaoh’s. (Genesis 47:13-20)

Although not mentioned in the film, it’s likely that the grain silos Joseph built to store the grain he collected during the seven good years preceding the famine years have been found (Genesis 41:33-36).
See Joseph’s Grain Silos Found in Egypt?

PatternsExodusSlaveNames

PatternsExodusNileBlood

The Brooklyn Papyrus is from the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (hundreds of years before Ramses II, aka Ramses the Great). This document lists names of slaves, 70% of whom are Semitic with many straight out of the Bible.

There’s even evidence of the Plagues. In the Leiden Museum a papyrus titled Admonitions of an Egyptian Sage describes many of the plagues from the point of view of Ipuwer, an Egyptian eyewitness. When interviewed in the movie, museum curator Maarten Raven dismissed the papyrus as being too early to be a record of the Exodus plagues.

PatternsExodusAbandonedCities

PatternsExodusJericho

PatternsExodusCanaan

PatternsExodusEgypMonument

Three major excavations of Jericho match the Bible’s report. The 10-foot-thick wall surrounding the city fell down except for a small section on the north side which remained standing. This was probably Rahab’s house on the wall.
(Joshua 2:1-21; 6:17, 22-25)

The Berlin Pedestal inscription written by the son of Ramses the Great supports an early Conquest of Canaan. It has Israel already in Canaan 100 years before Pharaoh Ramses.

The documentary fascinates the viewer with ample additional evidence supporting each of the six major events listed above.

The totality of the evidence Mahoney marshals is weighty and impressive. In overview, he effectively presents archaeological indications and evidence of Joseph in Egypt and of a Semitic population mushrooming in the Nile delta. This Semitic group experiences slavery and hardship, then departs suddenly and reappears later in Canaan as a populous nation called “Israel” which proceeds with a military conquest of Canaan. This sequence fits the Biblical record very well.

The series of six major events connected to the Exodus with supporting archaeological evidence forms a significant pattern. It’s much more compelling than if the evidence were only of a single event. This intricate pattern could not be coincidence. It has to be the historical imprint of Israel’s history in Egypt, the Exodus, and the Conquest of Canaan.

Near the end of the film, Mahoney summarized his case for revising Egyptian chronology:

“It’s startling to think how significant this could be because chronology, the dates assigned to these events, is the thing being used to convince the world that the Bible is just a fairy tale. But look at the pattern! Evidence matching Joseph and the early Israelites’ arrival in Egypt, their tremendous multiplication, their descent into slavery, the judgment and collapse of Egypt, the deliverance and Exodus of the Semitic population, and, finally, in Canaan, evidence matching the conquest of the Promised Land. I know there’s a lot of disagreement over the dating but what strikes me is that if you put all the dates to the side for a moment what emerges from the archaeology is this pattern that matches the Bible every step of the way and doesn’t that deserve to be taken seriously? But for now, those who hold to established conventions will not allow these connections to be made.”

Patterns of Evidence: Exodus makes a compelling case for the Exodus occurring about 1450 BC in contrast to the late date of 1250 BC that most archaeologists accept. The film will make the historicity of the Exodus a topic of interest among lay people. It will be an encouragement to many Christians as it presents evidence supporting the Biblical timeline.

Encore Showing Thursday Jan 29

The overwhelming attendance nationwide for Patterns of Evidence: Exodus on Jan 19 and the subsequent demand for another showing has led to an encore showing to be scheduled and confirmed for Thu Jan 29 at 7 pm local time.

Participating theaters can be found at http://www.fathomevents.com/ by clicking “Buy Tickets” and entering your zip code to show theater locations. Tickets are available at participating theater box offices and online at http://www.fathomevents.com/.

Tickets seem to cost around $12.50 depending on the theater. Many theaters nationwide sold out on Jan 19. I bought our tickets early to make sure we got in, and I suggest people consider doing so. As word spreads from the first showing, the attendance may increase for Jan 29.

I strongly encourage viewing this documentary. While it probably will not convince any skeptics, it will be a big encouragement to many Christians. The book, movie DVD, and soundtrack are all available for pre-order at the documentary web site: Patterns of Evidence: Exodus. Many churches will likely show the DVD eventually.

Questions to Ponder
  1. If you saw the film, what was your reaction?
  2. Do you think it’s possible for the vast majority of professional archaeologists and Egyptologists to be wrong about the Exodus?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Read the prequel reviewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary:
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?

Read the sequels reviewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary:
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate
4. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – What Did Jesus Think?
5. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Does It Matter?

Click SUBSCRIBE to go to the SUBSCRIBE Button in the sidebar to get the sequel articles free by email.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read my other articles on Biblical Archaeology:
1. The Mystery of Tsinnur
2. Copper Country
3. One Night of Sin Spawns Centuries of Havoc
4. Blown to Pieces
5. Joseph’s Grain Silos Found in Egypt?
6. Archaeological Study Bible
7. Lost Treasures of the Bible
1. Eyewitness to Jesus
2. Early Date for Matthew
3. Forensic Evidence
4. Significance of the Magdalen Papyrus (w/ video)
Noah’s Ark Found? (with video)
1. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Intro
8. Hike the Bible – Roman Road
9. Hike the Bible – Via Maris
21. Hike the Bible – Jesus Boat
23. Hike the Bible – Capernaum Archaeology
25. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 2
26. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 3
1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?

Read my other Movie Reviews:
The Genesis Code (with video)
Marilyn Monroe and the Age of the Earth
Mystery of Noah’s Flood (with videos)
God’s Not Dead, the Movie (with videos)
Noah, the Movie (with videos)
Exodus, the Movie (with video)

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click
SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday January 28, 2015 A.D.

By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter; choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God, than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin; considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch them. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned.
(Hebrews 11:23-29)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | January 21, 2015

1. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen?

PatternsExodusA

Tim Mahoney Filmmaker, author, writer, director of Patterns of Evidence: Exodus

Tim Mahoney
Author, filmmaker, writer, and director of
Patterns of Evidence: Exodus

Are the jaw-dropping accounts in the Bible real history or only myths?

Does it matter whether accounts like the Exodus plagues and crossing the Red Sea are true records or simply inspiring stories that never actually happened?

Reports of Red Sea divers finding chariot wheels encrusted in coral intrigued filmmaker Timothy Mahoney. He was curious about where Moses and the Israelites might have crossed the Red Sea. He began his research by looking for the route of the Exodus, starting in Egypt where the Hebrews started.

Mahoney says, “When I got to Egypt, people said, ‘Wait a minute, why search for the route of the Exodus, when these stories never really happened in the first place?’ That was sort of the shocker. I went to the actual location where the Bible says the Israelites lived, and the archaeologists there said there really wasn’t any evidence for it. I came back to my home, and that seed of doubt sort of grew in me. So, eventually, I heard there was another Egyptologist that interpreted that information in a completely different way, and that began this 12-year journey of my own, finding people like that who have incredible insights into the information, and started to reveal evidence. That’s how it all got started.” (From Gallagher’s Mahoney Interview)

Mahoney wondered whether the Exodus really happened or whether it was only an uplifting story. He said, “What started out as a crisis of my own faith led me on an incredible journey of discovery” as he sought physical evidence to corroborate the Bible’s Exodus account.

Mahoney tells the story of his research journey in the award-winning documentary Patterns of Evidence: Exodus from Thinking Man Films. The documentary has won 13 awards at film festivals worldwide.

Executive producer David Wessner said of Patterns of Evidence: Exodus, “What we’ve done with this film is to present the evidence, as we’ve uncovered it over these past twelve years, and let viewers draw their own conclusions. It’s not a puffy documentary; it’s an entertaining presentation of a boat-load of scientific and historical facts which shed new, important light on this ancient but most important story.”

PatternsExodusPanel

This feature documentary was shown in 650 theaters nationwide on Monday night January 19, 2015. A 20-minute preview explained the story behind the film and introduced the experts appearing in the documentary (click List of Experts).

Following the movie, journalist Gretchen Carlson moderated a panel discussion by Dennis Prager, Eric Metaxas, Anne Graham Lotz, and Jonathan Morris.

The documentary Patterns of Evidence: Exodus chronicles 12 years of in-depth archaeological research in Egypt and Israel. Mahoney interviews over a dozen archaeologists and professors with expertise in Egyptian and Israeli archaeology on both sides of the Exodus issue: those who do not believe it happened and those who believe it did. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and former Israeli Prime Minister and President Shimon Peres are both interviewed in the film.

PatternsExodusSlaveNames

Among archaeologists, Egyptologists, and scholars, the general consensus of opinion is that the Exodus as described in the Bible never happened. Most say if it did happen, then it occurred around 1250 BC under Ramses the Great, but they say there’s absolutely no archaeological evidence for it then.

The Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary asked the fundamental question:
At any time during Egyptian history is there any physical evidence that the Exodus actually happened?

The movie unfolds an abundant pattern of archaeological evidence from much earlier in Egyptian history than 1250 BC and not under Ramses the Great. The movie argues that the reason archaeologists haven’t found any evidence is that they are looking in the wrong time period. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus builds a strong case that the Exodus actually happened around 1450 BC, just as the Bible’s timeline indicates. The movie is packed with valuable apologetics arguments on this issue.

PatternsEvidence

What Did I Think?

My wife and I saw this movie Monday night January 19. We loved it!!! Patterns of Evidence: Exodus presents abundant archaeological evidence to support the Bible’s historical record of the Exodus. I was impressed with the depth of the research, the balanced presentation, and the plethora of archaeological evidence revealing Israel’s footprint in Egyptian and Canaanite history. While I have always believed in the Exodus and have long believed it occurred in 1446 BC, the film presented corroborating evidence that was new to me (which I will discuss in subsequent blog articles).

The audio quality of the movie was superb. Interviews, commentary, and narration (by Jewish skeptic Michael Medved and Christian actor Kevin Sorbo who played the professor in the movie God’s Not Dead) were all clear and understandable, contrary to many movie soundtracks. The accompanying music was by the Budapest Film Orchestra using Hungary’s best musicians playing instruments from the Balkans and the Middle East. Visually the movie was beautiful and very effective in illustrating the concepts.

I rate the documentary 5 stars out of 5. I found it just as fascinating as Indiana Jones movies, but a person who is not interested in Biblical history and archaeology might find it less gripping.

I strongly encourage people to see this documentary. Many churches will likely show the DVD, and it will probably be shown in theaters again. The book, movie DVD, and soundtrack are all available for pre-order at the documentary web site: Patterns of Evidence: Exodus.

Subsequent blog articles will discuss more ideas from this outstanding documentary film.

Questions to Ponder
  1. If you saw the film, what was your reaction?
  2. Do you think it’s possible for the vast majority of professional archaeologists and Egyptologists to be wrong about the Exodus?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Read the sequels reviewing the Patterns of Evidence: Exodus documentary:
2. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts (with video)
3. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – The Debate
4. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – What Did Jesus Think?
5. Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Does It Matter?

Click SUBSCRIBE to go to the SUBSCRIBE Button in the sidebar to get the sequel articles free by email.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read my other articles on Biblical Archaeology:
1. The Mystery of Tsinnur
2. Copper Country
3. One Night of Sin Spawns Centuries of Havoc
4. Blown to Pieces
5. Joseph’s Grain Silos Found in Egypt?
6. Archaeological Study Bible
7. Lost Treasures of the Bible
1. Eyewitness to Jesus
2. Early Date for Matthew
3. Forensic Evidence
4. Significance of the Magdalen Papyrus (w/ video)
Noah’s Ark Found? (with video)
1. Rebuilding Noah’s Ark – Intro
8. Hike the Bible – Roman Road
9. Hike the Bible – Via Maris
21. Hike the Bible – Jesus Boat
23. Hike the Bible – Capernaum Archaeology
25. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 2
26. Hike the Bible – Miracles at Capernaum 3

Read my other Movie Reviews:
The Genesis Code (with video)
Marilyn Monroe and the Age of the Earth
Mystery of Noah’s Flood (with videos)
God’s Not Dead, the Movie (with videos)
Noah, the Movie (with videos)
Exodus, the Movie (with video)

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click
SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday January 21, 2015 A.D.

By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter; choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God, than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin; considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch them. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned.
(Hebrews 11:23-29)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | January 14, 2015

Kepler’s Amazing Nose

Kepler leads with his nose!

Kepler leads with his nose!

Red Riding Hood: “What a big nose you have!”
Wolf: “The better to smell you with, my dear!”

Kepler is our 10-month-old Jack Russell terrier puppy named for the Biblical creationist, mathematician, and astronomer Johann Kepler (1571-1630) who discovered the three Laws of Planetary Motion.

While humans may consider eyes their most valuable sense organs, Kepler lives by his nose. He is continually waving it about to catch airborne scents or snuffling along the ground to enjoy an abundant cornucopia of odors.

Kepler will stop and be deeply interested in a spot on the ground where I can discern no apparent reason for his intense interest. Three different times on recent walks Kepler has stopped and dug beneath leaves to find a rawhide dog chew that he detected despite all the leaf mold smells.

Recently at a campground he started pulling toward a fire pit. In it was some fresh wood, charred wood, plenty of ashes, and an old wine box. But none of these smells stimulated Kepler’s jump into the pit. Underneath the wine box were two little wheat thins that he located and ate. From yards away in cold winter air he recognized the cracker scent as food he wanted, even though we don’t feed him crackers. He detected it despite many surrounding scents in the fire pit which did not interest him.

Kepler can even smell ice. Last week upon coming inside he bolted for a footstool and retrieved a recently-spilled ice cube from under it. He loves crunching ice chips as treats.

The human nose is an amazing organ even though it hardly compares with the sensitivity of a dog’s nose. The roof of the human nose contains 10 million scent receptors of 500-1,000 different types, detecting thousands of chemicals. Scent receptors are proteins folded to fit odor molecules of particular shapes. When odor molecules snap into receptors, olfactory nerves signal the brain.

Kepler investigates everything with his nose

Kepler investigates everything with his nose

For comparison, dogs average 220 million scent receptors. If the membranes in a dog’s nose were spread out, they would cover several king-size beds. Odors to dogs are like mathematics to people; they are the delight of their lives!

The sense of smell in dogs and people is very complex. A single odor may contain 1,000 different chemicals. A quick whiff generates activity throughout the brain. Strong emotional memories result because the nose is also connected to the brain’s limbic system which controls emotion.

Smell is essential for tasting food. Blocked noses yield tasteless food. As a child I applied this knowledge by pinching my nose shut whenever required to eat food I thought was horrible.

Trained perfumers can identify 10,000 different fragrances. To warn of natural gas leaks, a rotten egg smell is added. The nose can detect as little as one 400-billionth of a gram of this chemical in a quart of air.

Historically, doctors sniffed patients to diagnose diseases. Plague smelled like apples; scarlet fever and typhoid smelled like hot bread; measles smelled like fresh-plucked feathers; diphtheria smelled sickeningly sweet. Doctors smell the breath of unconscious patients to help ascertain the problem: a sweet breath could indicate diabetes; ammonia smells could indicate kidney problems; cyanide poisoning smells like almonds; arsenic poisoning smells like garlic.

Medical Alert Dogs for diabetes use their noses to detect the tiniest changes in body odor as insulin levels increase or decrease. Dogs trained in scent-based work alert parents, caregivers, or patients at the onset of blood sugar changes long before adverse reactions occur.

Dogs can smell the smallest changes in body chemistry. Scent-trained dogs can warn epileptics of coming seizures and bipolar people of their body chemistry going amok. Dogs can smell the minutest presence of an allergan like peanuts and warn highly allergic people.

Sir Bernard Spilsbury (1877-1947), the founder of forensic pathology and England’s real-life Sherlock Holmes, deduced much from telltale fragrances around crime scenes and corpses. Crime scene investigators still collect “nose” data.

Iron in the nose bone between the eyes makes the nose a compass. Experiments have shown some capability to determine direction by magnetic fields. Is this one of Adam’s original God-given abilities that has been mostly lost over six millennia of degeneration?

Bloodhounds are proverbial for tracking escapees. Dog noses of many breeds are invaluable in Search and Rescue operations.

The nose is a sophisticated multi-purpose air filter for the lungs. Nasal tissues trap foreign particles. The nose runs, bathing snared bacteria in dissolving chemicals. Sneezes eject larger particles at over 100 mph.

Who designed and engineered noses? Noses explode like a cannon, warn of danger, detect minute invisible chemicals, filter noxious elements, destroy germs, sense direction, generate pleasurable sensations, provoke powerful emotions, and give the breath-of-life? Who could even imagine, much less create, such a phenomenal multi-purpose tool?

I will give thanks to Thee, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made. Wonderful are Thy works, and my soul knows it very well. (Psalm 139:14)

Praise be to our omnificent God.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Which of your senses do you value most — sight, hearing, taste, smell, or touch? Why?
  2. Which sense most often tempts you to sin? How do you address this?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read the prequels on our puppy Kepler:
Why I Named Our Puppy “Kepler”
Kepler’s Kind
Kepler’s Lopsided Trade

Read the sequel:
Kepler’s Business Card

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday January 14, 2015 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | January 7, 2015

Not Every Wife Would Climb Into a Dumpster…

Dumpster Pallet

Dumpster Pallet

But mine would! Here’s the story.

While I was in the woods foraging for firewood at a campground, my wife took our dog Kepler up the road a ways. Shortly when I drove up in the camper, I saw Kepler tethered to a post, and I saw my wife inside a campground dumpster, waving me to a stop.

I was sure she had found something valuable, and I was right…a super-huge solid wood pallet filled the 6-foot width of the dumpster.

The pallet was 2 3/4 ft by 6 ft and very heavy. It took the two of us to lift it straight up and out of the dumpster, because there was no wiggle room.

Then the next project was getting my wife out of the dumpster!

Kepler & Bible-Science Guy cutting up pallets for firewood at Indian Lake State Park, OH in September

Kepler & the Bible-Science Guy cutting up pallets for firewood at Ohio’s Indian Lake State Park in September 2014.

It’s easy to climb into a dumpster because of the footholds on the outside. It’s not easy climbing out of an almost empty 5-foot-tall dumpster. The inside dumpster walls are completely smooth so that when the dumpster is upended, the contents will slide out and not get hung up on the sides. But my wife is rather agile, and somehow, working together, we managed her rescue.

My wife knows I love pallets. I collect them and cut them up for campground firewood. For the most part, the pallets I rescue are made out of untreated hardwood, although a few are of softwood. They make great firewood because the pallet boards are dry and well-seasoned.

Standard pallet construction facilitates air getting to the burning boards, so pallets burn vigorously with especially good flames.

Notice the 5-foot-high stack of firewood pallets beyond the campfire.

Pallet Campfire
Note the 5-foot-high stack of firewood pallets behind the campfire.

On the night we burned half of the dumpster pallet, our campfire earned eight honking-horn salutes from passing motorists.

Here is a picture of one of my pallet campfires at a state park campground.

I have built hundreds of fires over the years. Each one is different, and I take delight in every one.

With just a little coaxing from me, a tiny bright red coal and wood splinters burst into a roaring pallet fire. Watching the leaping flame makes me think about this warning from the Apostle James:

The tongue is a small part of the body, and yet it boasts of great things. Behold, how great a forest is set aflame by such a small fire! And the tongue is a fire, the very world of iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of our life, and is set on fire by hell. For every species of beasts and birds, of reptiles and creatures of the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed by the human race. But no one can tame the tongue; it is a restless evil and full of deadly poison. With it we bless our Lord and Father; and with it we curse men, who have been made in the likeness of God; from the same mouth come both blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be this way. (James 3:5-10)

Bonfire Pallets

Bonfire Pallets

Having just watched the tiny red coal quickly grow into a roaring blaze, I well understood the Biblical illustration of how much damage a tongue can do very quickly.

This picture is of a huge pile of pallets ready for a town’s October bonfire. A little flame will eventually grow into a roaring blaze that will consume the entire mountain of pallets.

We take great care with fire, respecting its power and using it properly. In the same way we should be extremely careful with our tongues and use them for their intended purpose—to glorify God and to bless others.

Because my wife loves me, she invests herself into helping me look for pallets and loading them into the camper. You could say she throws herself into it. On a recent camping weekend, we picked up 13 pallets on the way out to burn at the campground. On the way back we snagged 19 more, but we had to leave an additional 13 at the warehouse because we had no more room. How painful that was!

31 Firewood Pallets

The BibleScienceGuy inspects his collection of 31 firewood pallets before burning at a campground.

Two weekends later in late December we picked up 27 free pallets at a building supply warehouse on our way to a campground and then 14 more on the way home.

Here is a picture after we unloaded 31 pallets at the campground. Eight more remained in the camper, because I figured 31 pallets were enough firewood for one weekend. We need lots of firewood pallets to burn to stay warm on winter campouts in December when it stays in the 20s.

Before I even started the fire, this pile of 31 pallets earned two horn salutes from passing cars.

Once I got the fire roaring, it earned 9 more horn salutes. The next night the pallet campfire got 11 horn salutes and the next night 10. We even got a shout out from a boat bedecked with Christmas lights and playing Christmas music over a loudspeaker, as it cruised up and down the St. Clair River. The pilot called out over the loudspeaker, “Your bonfire is better than Christmas lights!”

Pallet Cache

Pallet Cache

I’ve noticed that pickup trucks give more horn salutes than other vehicles, and men salute fires far more than women do.

Here are 38 pallets which is only half of my home-cache of pallets for camping firewood. We are ready for spring campfires! We’ll probably start camping again in March before it gets too warm to fully enjoy campground bonfires.

For more about pallets than you ever wanted to know, click Pallets.

Now not every wife would climb into a dumpster for a pallet, but mine would! Because she loves me. I’m very thankful for a wife who is wholehearted and diligent about the Bible’s commands to follow her husband.

Wives, be subject to your own husbands, as to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ also is the head of the church, He Himself being the Savior of the body. But as the church is subject to Christ, so also the wives ought to be to their husbands in everything. … Nevertheless let each individual among you also love his own wife even as himself; and let the wife see to it that she respect her husband.
(Ephesians 5:22-24, 33)

I’m grateful for my wife’s joyful enthusiasm and greatly appreciate the absence of passive-aggressive resistance in hunting and collecting pallets. Pallet-hunting is not something to which women are naturally inclined, so her cooperative participation is especially meaningful.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What loving choice will you make to come alongside your spouse in pursuing something that interests him or her?
  2. What salvage items do you like to re-purpose (like using discarded pallets for campfires)?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday January 7, 2015 A.D.

“Is not My word like fire?” declares the Lord, “and like a hammer which shatters a rock?” (Jeremiah 23:29)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | December 31, 2014

Best of 2014

Best Of 2014

It’s the last day of the year, and this is the last blog post of the year. I hope that the
Bible-Science Guy Blog has informed, challenged, and perhaps even stirred you in 2014. Here are some of the year’s blog highlights.

In 2014, 33,898 distinct readers from 168 countries eagerly viewed this blog 53,961 times. This is a 70% increase in distinct readers and a 51% increase in views over 2013. And that does not count all the blog subscribers who read the blog posts by email. This year the blog followers have increased by over 200 to reach 1370 blog followers at year’s end.

Click 2014 Bible-Science Guy Articles for a list of the 63 new articles posted on the Bible-Science Guy Blog in 2014. Additionally, nine blog articles from 2007 & 2008 were migrated from a now-defunct previous host to BibleScienceGuy.wordpress.com.

The Bible-Science Guy Blog started in October 2007. It now comprises 360 posts, 87 newspaper articles, and 10 tab pages for a total of 457 items. During 2014, 446 of these items were viewed at least once.

The busiest viewership day of the year was April 16 with 342 views. The most popular post that day was No Luck At All. Surprisingly, this article was not posted in 2014 but in April 2012, two years previously.

It’s interesting that the three articles that had the most views during 2014 were published in prior years. This illustrates the continuing relevance that most of the Bible-Science Guy blog articles have.

The Top Five articles with the most views during 2014 were:

Tower of Babel – Where?  (Mar 3, 2013) - 4,278 views.
The Genesis Code  (Feb 20, 2011) - 3,028 views.
Tower of Babel – What Did It Look Like?  (Mar 20, 2013) - 3,008 views.
God’s Not Dead, the Movie  (Mar 26, 2014) - 2,798 views.
How Many Died in Noah’s Flood?  (Jun 18, 2014) - 2,787 views.

 

Best Bible-Science Guy Articles from 2014

Here are my choices for the best Bible-Science Guy Blog posts from 2014, listed in order of publication date. I chose the posts I liked best — the ones I found most interesting, most important, or best written. I included those that accumulated the most views or stimulated the most comments.
Dr. Ben Carson

Ben Carson on Complex Design (Jan 29)
This is the first of a series of 5 articles on pediatric neurosurgeon Dr. Ben Carson who is a strong creationist. He believes in the Creator God of the Bible because of the design he sees in the human body and in nature. Subsequent articles cover his views on Fossils, Micro-evolution vs. Macro-evolution, Design of the Cosmos, and Evolution. Carson is now seriously considering running for President of the USA.
 

bill-nye-ken-ham

Who Won the Ham-Nye Debate? (Feb 6) With videos.
This is the third of a series of 17 articles on the February debate between Ken Ham and Bill Nye on the topic
Is Creation a viable model of origins in today’s modern scientific era?
Another article in this debate series,
Post-Debate Buzz Heats Up for Ham vs. Nye #5,
prompted the most comments of the year.

God’s Not Dead, the Movie (Mar 26) With videos.
Review of a movie drama about persecution of Christian faith at college. It’s the story of a college freshman defending his faith when bullied by his atheist philosophy professor. This was the most viewed 2014 article with 2,798 reads.

Noah Poster

Noah, the Movie (Apr 2) With videos.
This controversial film focused fresh public attention on the Biblical account of Noah and the Flood. This review of the movie discusses Nine Positives and Nine Negatives about it. I rated the movie only 2 stars out of 5, due primarily to its severe distortion of the Genesis account. This was the 3rd-most viewed 2014 article with 1,398 reads.

The Truth About Noah (Apr 9)
This probes the Genesis account of Noah to set the record straight after the extreme distortions of the NOAH movie.

Evolutionists Going After Children (May 21) With video.
Evolutionists demand the teaching of evolution to children as young as five, because they say the teen years are too late. It’s imperative for Christian parents to intentionally and systematically teach Biblical Creationism to their children.

People Drowning Outside Ark

How Many Died in Noah’s Flood? (Jun 18)
Using population growth math with Biblical data, this article gives an estimate of the earth’s population at the time of Noah’s Flood. This was the 2nd-most viewed 2014 article with 2,787 reads. It’s the fourth of a series of five blogs on population growth beginning with Could Noah Fill the Earth?
 

KeplerStanding

Why I Named Our Puppy “Kepler” (July 30)
For our 35th wedding anniversary I got my wife a puppy. We named him “Kepler” to put a stone in inquirers’ shoes. The sequels Kepler’s Kind and Kepler’s Lopsided Trade offer unique insights and provocative observations about the puppy.

Why Apologetics? (Oct 8)
Do you sometimes have nagging doubts about Christianity? Then apologetics has the answers for you. Apologetics is the defense of the Christian faith using evidence, reason, and logic. This is the first of three articles on Why, When, and How apologetics should be done. Apologetics Resources surveys recommended resources for apologetics.

Is Earth Young? (Oct 29)
Is the Earth Young? Or is it Old? For Biblical accuracy, which is the proper adjective?

Tree Accident (Nov 19)
This is a photo blog of an accident felling a huge tree and the Biblical lesson it brought to mind.

Exodus, the Movie (Dec 17) With video.
This is a comprehensive review of the Bible-inspired epic: Exodus: Gods & Kings – a movie about Moses taking on the power of the Egyptian empire to free a nation of Hebrew slaves.
Rubik Christmas Cubes

Who Was the Manger Baby? (Dec 24) With videos.
There is one man of history whose titles far surpass all others. A look at the titles He earned will shed light on the Manger Baby‘s identity. How did He most often refer to Himself?

Questions to Ponder
  1. Which is your favorite of all the 2014 Bible-Science Guy Articles? Why?
    (It does not have to be one from this Best of 2014 list.)
  2. Which do you think is the best article to share with unbelievers to stimulate their consideration of Jesus of Nazareth?
  3. Which do you think is the best article to share with believers to spur them to honor, worship, and glorify the Creator?
  4. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Peruse other Best of Bible-Science Guy lists:
Best of 2013
All-Time Best of Bible-Science Guy

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click
SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:4)
Wednesday December 31, 2014 A.D.

For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and made it holy. (Exodus 20:11)

Older Posts »

Categories

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,476 other followers

%d bloggers like this: