Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | June 22, 2022

String of Pearls

(2 Minute Read. 22Jun2022)

In the early dawn hours before sunrise, a string of pearls will stretch across the Great Creator‘s night sky.

In June, a parade of planets will appear shortly before dawn. The spectacle will be centered on June 24 and will be visible for about a week before and after. Five bright planets will be appear in their natural order from the sun. Along with the moon, they will be aligned in a long arc along the southeastern horizon.

Start with Mercury in the east just above the horizon and head south to Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn to see the five pearls with your naked eye. Uranus and Neptune are also in the string past Saturn, but you will need binoculars to see them.

The moon traverses the planetary string day by day. On June 24 the crescent moon will appear between Venus and Mars.

If in the string you include Earth, which you can see by looking down past your feet, this string includes eight planets and the moon. Start about an hour before sunrise for the best view.

Order in the Sky

How were astronomers able to report the occurrence of this string of pearls in advance? How were they sure it would occur?

The answer is that it is because the Great Creator faithfully sustains His creation in an orderly manner. He made it all, and He is responsible for its predictable order and preservation.
Of old You founded the earth, and the heavens are the work of Your hands.
(Psalm 102:25)
You alone are the Lord. You have made the heavens, the heaven of heavens with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them. You give life to all of them and the heavenly host bows down before You.
(Nehemiah 9:6)
He [Christ] is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. (Hebrews 1:3)

But one day the Great Creator will interrupt this beautiful order in the sky to execute judgment.
But by His word the present heavens and earth are being reserved for fire, kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men. (2 Peter 3:7)

Are you ready for the Great Interruption? See Good News for how to get ready.

Questions to Ponder

1. Do you daily thank the Great Creator for the orderliness of His creation?
2. Do you see the glory of the Great Creator in the heavens?
(Psalm 19:1)

Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday June 22, 2022 A.D.

The heavens declare the glory of God, and their expanse shows the work of His hands.
(Psalm 19:1)

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Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | June 15, 2022

Robin Mystery

(3 Minute Read. 15Jun2022)

Robin Eggs at Campground (5/18/22)

This picture of a robin’s nest at our campground from my recent blogs
Robin or Robinosaurus? and
Robins Hatch
was taken on Wednesday May 18, 2022. The four eggs in the nest were each slightly bigger than a quarter in diameter.

Look how much room there is in the nest — plenty of room for many more eggs!

But maybe the nest really is not too big. Maybe it is just the right size.

How did Mama Robin know to make it this big? Why not smaller or bigger?

The robin nest is a beautiful little cup-sized bowl. But it is only used once. Robins usually raise two or three broods each year, and the female builds a new nest for each brood.

4 baby robins (5/31/22)

Robins Hatch & Grow

The four robin eggs hatched one each day May 28-31. Here is a picture of the four baby robins the day the last one hatched on Tuesday May 31.

Notice that there is plenty of room in the nest for the newly-hatched little robins.

The robins will stay in the nest for two weeks before they fly away. The period between hatching and flying is called fledging. Robins have fledged when their feathers and wing muscles are sufficiently developed for flight.

There are a great many robins in our campground, so there must be many nests around — probably mostly in the adjoining woods. But so far I have only found one nest.

Here are some strategies I use in deciding when to quietly follow robins to look for their nests:
– Watch for robins carrying nest material in their beaks like twigs, grass, and mud.
– Watch for robins carrying food to hatchlings in their beaks like worms, grubs, insects.
– Listen for soft cheeps as baby robins beg for food.
– Look for robins nesting near and on human structures.

4 baby robins (6/5/22)

Five days after the robins hatched, I again checked the nest on Sunday June 5. All four baby robins were alive. Here is a picture of the nest.

Look how the hatchlings have grown and have started growing feathers. Notice how much fuller the nest is. Looks like the nest is not too big after all. Don’t miss the four beaks visible in the picture.

Robin Mystery

Three days later I checked the nest again and got a big surprise.

My initial concern about the vulnerability of the nest only a foot off the ground wedged in the legs of a campground picnic table proved prescient.

Robin Nest (6/8/22)

Next is a picture of the surprising nest I saw on Wednesday June 8.

What happened?

This was only half-way through the fledge period, so the little robins did not leave the nest on their own. They were not due to fly away till Tuesday or Wednesday of the following week.

There were no clues to what happened anywhere around the nest. The nest itself was still intact, in place, and seemingly undisturbed. There were no scattered feathers, nor bones, nor carcasses.

Did a raccoon, squirrel, possum, fox, coyote, or dog raid the nest? This is my best guess as to what happened.

Did humans from the campground do it? I doubt this because in that case I think the nest would have been taken or at least moved or disturbed. Also, the chicks were still quite unattractive — scrawny with closed, blue-bulged eyes. I suspect they would appear quite uninviting for the average camper to handle.

Blue jays, hawks, and owls are all present in the park, and they are known to raid other birds’ nests for eggs and nestlings. But I think this possibility is unlikely given the location of the nest wedged in between four sturdy table legs beneath a large, heavy tabletop.

Robin Lesson

It saddened me to find the nest empty because I had looked forward to following the growth of the four little robins. But the incident reminded me of this pericope from the Gospel of Matthew:
Are not two sparrows sold for a cent? And yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. So do not fear; you are more valuable than many sparrows. (Matthew 10:29-31)

One message of these words of Jesus is that not even a little bird falls to the ground apart from the sovereign will of the Great Creator. Even though I do not know what happened to those little robins, He knows. It occurred according to His will and purpose.

And any time a brood does survive to fledge, any time the fledglings flourish to themselves reproduce, it is by the Great Creator’s sustaining mercy and faithful provision. (Psalm 145:15-17)

Since men are so much more valuable than robins, and since the Great Creator keeps up with robins, we can rest confidently in His will and plan for us, regardless of where it leads.

Even tragedies that may befall me are within the sovereign will and plan of the Great Creator for my ultimate good and His glory. The greatest tragedy of all history, the unjust and cruel execution of Jesus of Nazareth, was ordained by God for His glory and the glorious benefit of mankind.
For truly in this city there were gathered together against Thy holy servant Jesus, whom Thou didst anoint, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, along with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, to do whatever Thy hand and Thy purpose predestined to occur.
(Acts 4:27-28)
Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know— this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death. But God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power. (Acts 2:22-24)

Questions to Ponder

1. How does Mama Robin know how to construct a nest of the proper size?
2. Are you prepared to trust our Great Creator when tragedy strikes?

Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

Read the prequels:
Robin or Robinosaurus?
Robins Hatch

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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday June 15, 2022 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Disclaimer: BibleScienceGuy has no control over any advertising that may appear and receives no payment or consideration for it. Ads & “Related” links come from WordPress, not from BibleScienceGuy.

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | June 8, 2022

Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Worldwide Memories

(4 Minute Read. 8Jun2022)

The Deluge by Gustave Doré (1866)
Frontispiece to Doré’s illustrated Bible.
Depicts humans and tiger futilely trying to
save children and cubs from Noah’s Flood.

The Bible clearly and unambiguously records an amazing truth:
Noah’s Flood was global!
Does evidence exist today of a worldwide flood?

A flood of water engulfing the entire globe surely would have left evidence of such a disaster. Is there evidence today that a flood once covered the entire earth?

Cultural Tales

Before considering new evidence in this Series on Noah, let’s consider a totally hypothetical example.

Let’s suppose, just for the sake of making a point, that as anthropologists investigated human cultures scattered around the world that they found a common theme. Suppose that as they researched records of military expeditions, logs of missionaries, and reports of explorers they found that hundreds of people groups from all over the world had similar stories of their origins. Suppose that all the varied stories from diverse cultures and locations around the world had a common theme of how an ape-like creature turned into the father of the people.

Of course this never happened. Such evidence does not exist. It’s only a hypothetical example to make a point. But if there were many such legends, wouldn’t it be significant? Wouldn’t many similar legends from disparate cultures and people groups around the world be recognized as dim memories of a genuine event?

If such stories were discovered, don’t you think that history books would trumpet these hundreds of cultural tales as strong evidence that man evolved from apes?

(Again, man did not evolve from apes. I’m just using this as a hypothetical example to make a point.)

Flood Memories

Interestingly enough, there is a common story from hundreds of different people groups scattered all over the world. But it is not trumpeted in history books nor is it recognized as the dim memory of a genuine event.

What is this common story? Why is it not recognized?

It is the story of a flood that destroyed the world except for one man’s family and animals saved in a boat.

Many cultures all over the world past and present have oral traditions, histories, and memories of some version of Noah’s Flood. Flood Stories from Around the World is a website by a non-creationist, but it has extensive data that is significant. Flood stories from 265 people groups are documented, including story summaries and references. These people groups include Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Turks, Germans, Celtics, Scandinavians, Chinese, Africans, Russians, Australians, Incas, Mayans, Mexicans, Hawaiians, Native Americans, and many, many more. There are even flood stories from many tribes in South America and the Pacific Islands on the opposite side of the world from where the Ark landed on Mt. Ararat.

Noah’s Ark saved only 8 from the Flood.
They passed to descendants their memories.

The New World Encyclopedia article Great Flood also lists many flood stories from around the world. A great many of the world’s cultures have memories of a great flood that destroyed previous societies.

Is it surprising that so many cultures have these memories? I don’t think it is. If it is true as the Apostle Peter reports that Noah’s world was destroyed, being flooded with water (2 Peter 3:6), then wouldn’t such a catastrophic event leave an indelible impression on the survivors and their succeeding generations of descendants?

Wouldn’t you expect that as Noah’s descendants spread around the world after the Flood that they would carry a memory and account of the Great Flood with them? Wouldn’t you expect to find “legends of a Flood” in people groups all over the world? As the accounts were passed down through the generations, inaccuracies would creep in. But wouldn’t you expect that the basic account of judgment for evil by a worldwide flood and the preservation in a boat of a family and animals to repopulate the earth would be preserved in the lore of the world’s tribes?

And this is exactly what we do find all over the world — flood stories from at least 265 different people groups, many including a version of Noah’s name.
– 95% of them say the flood was worldwide, killing almost everyone
– 70% say the flood was sent by “god”
– 60% say the flood was because of man’s wickedness
– 66% say a god forewarned the family of the flood
– 70% say one family was saved on a boat
– 25% say animals were also saved on the boat
– 57% say survivors landed on a mountain
– 7% mention a rainbow
– 9% say exactly eight people were saved

For example, Hawaiian lore has many similarities to the Genesis account. Man’s sin and evil were punished with a flood. The man Nu-u built a house on a great canoe for his family and animals. A flood covered all the earth and killed all the people except for Nu-u and his family. After the waters subsided, Nu-u left his ship on a mountain and offered sacrifices. The rainbow was given as a perpetual sign of forgiveness.

For another example, ​the Wallam Olum (Red Record) is the ​ancestral record of North America’s Delaware Indians dating back about 4,000 years. It contains the account of a great flood that “flooded, filled, smashed, and drowned” everyone. Nenabush, the ancestor of the Delaware people, built a ship to make it through the great flood.
(The Red Record (The Wallam Olum): The Oldest Native North American History, Translated and Annotated by David McCutchen, Avery Publishing Group, 1993.)

How could cultures as totally different as the Hebrews, Pacific Islanders in Hawaii, and American Indians in Delaware, separated by thousands of miles and thousands of years, have such similar reports of a great world-destroying flood? These must be reports of an actual event. Noah, Nu-u, and Nenabush are similar names for the same man who built an ark to preserve the human race through the Great Flood.

The hundreds of similar accounts from hundreds of other cultures simply strengthen the evidence that Noah’s Flood was a true historical event.

In Conclusion . . .

What are we to make of these hundreds of similar stories of a worldwide flood. What is the most reasonable explanation for the prevalence of these cultural memories?

The most logical explanation for these flood stories from all over the world throughout history is that they are faded memories of a real historical event, namely Noah’s Flood recorded in Genesis.

Memories of Noah’s Flood permeate the history of almost every human society. The only credible way to understand this is to realize that every one of these human cultures consists of people descended from those who lived through a real worldwide flood in a large boat. These flood memories from around the world testify of Noah’s Flood of around 4500 years ago.

Questions to Ponder

1. Are you embarrassed to admit you believe in a real global Flood? What words from this article can be a confidence-builder and talking point for you?
2. How do you think reports of Noah and the Flood became so widespread?

Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

This is the 15th in a series of articles on Noah. This Noah Series will suggest answers to many of the questions believers and skeptics have about Noah, Noah’s Ark, and Noah’s Flood.
Read the prequels:
1. Think You Know Noah?
2. Did Jesus Think Noah Was Real?
3. How Long Did It Take Noah to Build the Ark?
4. Could Noah Build the Ark in 75 Years?
5. How Big Was Noah’s Ark?
6. Were Dinosaurs on Noah’s Ark?
7. Could Noah Fit All the Animals on the Ark?
8. What Was Noah’s Flood Like?
9. Was Noah’s Flood Global or Local?
10. Life on Noah’s Ark
11. Were Zebras on Noah’s Ark?
12. Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Canyons
13. Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Fossils
14. Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Rock Layers

Read the sequel:
16. Significance of Noah’s Flood . . . coming soon . . .

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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday June 8, 2022 A.D.

Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth. Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with rooms, and shall cover it inside and out with pitch. This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. You shall make a window for the ark, and finish it to a cubit from the top; and set the door of the ark in the side of it; you shall make it with lower, second, and third decks. Behold, I, even I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish.
(Genesis 6:13-17)

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Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | June 1, 2022

Robins Hatch

(3 Minute Read. 1Jun2022)

Robin Eggs at Campground (5/18/22)

This picture of a robin’s nest at our campground from last week’s blog Robin or Robinosaurus? was taken on Wednesday May 18, 2022. The four eggs in the nest were each slightly bigger than a quarter in diameter.

Due to the vulnerable location of the nest about one foot off the ground in a fork of the legs of a campsite picnic table, I did not expect a successful hatch.

Nevertheless, I checked on the nest again on Sunday afternoon May 29, 2022. Looking at the nest from 20 yards away I saw that the mother robin was not on the nest. I expected to find an abandoned nest, possibly with remains of broken eggs.

2 baby robins, 2 eggs (5/29/22)

I got a bit of a surprise, however, when I looked in the nest. There were two recently hatched baby robins and two as yet unhatched eggs.

Robins lay one egg per day in mid-morning after early feeding on worms. They usually stop laying after three or four eggs. Only after completing the laying do they start incubating the eggs. Incubation typically takes 14 days, and the eggs usually hatch one per day, in the order in which they were laid.

Mama Robin incubates the eggs by herself, but for two weeks after they hatch, both Mama and Papa Robin work full-time feeding the chicks. They serve 100 to 150 meals a day to the hatchlings. A baby robin eats its weight in worms, insects, and berries every day.

3 baby robins, 1 egg (5/30/22)

The following day, Monday May 30, I again checked the nest. This time there were three hatchlings and only one blue egg left.

The next day, Tuesday May 31, I checked the nest again. Mama Robin was sitting on the nest as I approached, but she kindly flew off a short way to permit me to check on the progress of her brooding. This time there were four live baby robins. All four eggs had hatched.

So the eggs hatched one at a time this past Saturday, Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday after incubating for 14 days. They were likely laid May 11, 12, 13, and 14. I discovered them on May 18, four days into the incubation period.

4 baby robins (5/31/22)

Robin Lesson

We can learn a valuable lesson from these robins. Jesus Himself pointed to birds as prime examples of the Great Creator’s provision and care.
“For this reason I say to you, do not be anxious for your life, as to what you will eat or what you will drink. . . . Look at the birds of the air, that they do not sow, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not worth much more than they? . . . Do not worry then, saying, ‘What will we eat?’ or ‘What will we drink?’ or ‘What will we wear for clothing? . . . For your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you. Therefore do not be anxious for tomorrow; for tomorrow will care for itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.” (Matthew 6:25-26,31-34)

Jesus specifically says in this passage to “look at the birds of the air” to learn this crucial truth:
Don’t worry — God will take care of you.
Instead of worrying about mundane daily needs, the responsibility Jesus assigns to men is to seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness. Then the other daily needs will be provided.

To me, this little robin family was a reminder of this passage and of the Great Creator‘s care for His creation, including me. I marveled at the Great Creator‘s wondrous design of the robin and how He arranged for robins to reproduce after their kind.

Questions to Ponder

1. How does Mama Robin know how to build a nest?
2. What makes Mama Robin sit on her nest for two weeks with only hourly 10-minute breaks?
3. Why do Mama and Papa Robin work full time for two weeks feeding their brood?

Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

Read the prequel:
Robin or Robinosaurus?

Read the sequel:
Robin Mystery

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Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday June 1, 2022 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Disclaimer: BibleScienceGuy has no control over any advertising that may appear and receives no payment or consideration for it. Ads & “Related” links come from WordPress, not from BibleScienceGuy.

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | May 25, 2022

Robin or Robinosaurus?

(4 Minute Read. 25May2022)

One of my earliest memories as a very young child is seeing a robin pull an earthworm out of the ground in our backyard. I remember watching as the robin tugged and tugged, stretching the worm to its limit in a taut line till it popped out of the ground and the robin enjoyed a delicious repast.

Robins yanking worms from the ground fascinated me as a little four-year-old boy. I used to watch robins run across our lawn, pause and cock their heads, and then suddenly strike the ground with their beaks to get a worm.

I learned that robins use sight, hearing, and touch to find worms. Robins have keen eyesight and can spot the end of a worm poking out of the ground. They also see minute changes in the ground as worms move just below the surface. As the worms move, robins can hear the sound of dirt particles rubbing against each other. They also feel the vibrations in the ground through their feet. All this data helps them know where to strike with their beak. They rarely miss. This all glorifies the Great Creator who built into the robin DNA the ability to execute this complex process to find worm food.

Why do robins eat worms? Worms are high in protein which robins need for strong flight muscles, bones, and feathers. Worms provide a wide variety of vitamins and minerals and plenty of fat for energy for flight. A single robin can eat up to 14 feet of worms per day.

Robin Eggs at Campground

Jesus pointed to birds as prime examples of the Great Creator’s provision and care.
“For this reason I say to you, do not be anxious for your life, as to what you will eat or what you will drink. . . . Look at the birds of the air, that they do not sow, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not worth much more than they?” (Matthew 6:25-26)

The American robin is a migratory song bird. Its song is a high-pitched varied warble. Robins will start to sing well before sunrise, even before roosters crow.

The robin is usually the first bird I see every spring. North America has 370 million robins, making the robin the continent’s most common bird. The robin is the state bird of Michigan, Wisconsin, and Connecticut.

I was reminded of these memories last week when we found a nest of four robin eggs at our campground. The nest was about one foot off the ground in a fork of the legs of a campsite picnic table. The mother hovered nearby and eventually returned to the nest.

Robin nest in table leg at campground

Mother robin on nest in table legs

This nest location was quite unusual. Normally robin nests are 5-15 feet above ground in trees or dense brush. Robin eggs hatch after 14 days of incubation, and the chicks remain in the nest for two more weeks. The vulnerable near-ground location of this nest near woods and in a popular campground make it unlikely that any robins from the nest will survive. (But read the sequel Robins Hatch to learn what happened.)

Robins were once hunted for their breast meat. Just like with quail (see Quail Hunt), the breast meat can be easily pulled off the bird. But the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 has made it illegal to hunt robins. With 370 million robins, this more than 100-year-old law should be updated to permit harvesting robins for food. I’m sure they would taste just as good as quail. Besides, the robins who lobbied to pass this law are long dead.

Birds From Dinosaurs?

Did you know that most evolutionists maintain that birds evolved from dinosaurs?

I know it sounds crazy, but evolutionists really do believe this. Around 1870, Darwin’s famous defender and promoter Thomas Huxley (nicknamed Darwin’s Bulldog) was the first to speculate that birds evolved from dinosaurs.

Evolutionists think that birds evolved from a group of meat-eating dinosaurs called therapods. Therapods include the velociraptors and the huge six-ton Tyrannosaurus Rex. Evolutionary scientists believe that birds evolved from smaller therapods weighing 100 to 500 pounds.
(Sanger, How Dinosaurs Shrank and Became Birds, Scientific American, June 12, 2015.)

What could be more stupid? It is pure idiocy and a deliberate refusal to believe the truth that birds and dinosaurs are distinct creations of the Great Creator.

But not all evolutionists believe this lunacy. Evolutionist Storrs Olson (1944–2021) was the Curator of Birds at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History. In an open letter to National Geographic, he called this theory that birds evolved from theropods “one of the grander scientific hoaxes of our age — the paleontological equivalent of cold fusion.”
(Olson, Open Letter to Dr. Peter Raven, Secretary, Committee for Research and Exploration, National Geographic Society, 1 November 1999.}

I myself agree with Olson. What about you? Do you agree with Dr. Olson?

If this evolutionary tale about birds evolving from dinosaurs is true, then dinosaurs are not completely extinct. Their descendants are flying around us daily, feeding at our backyard bird feeders, and landing on our tables as delicious chickens and turkeys. Chick-Fil-A must be serving dino-burgers!

For many evolutionists, birds are dinosaurs. How silly!

?Robinosaurus?

If birds evolved from dinosaurs, where is the Robinosaurus, the supposed dinosaur ancestor of the Robin? Where are the innumerable fossils of all the countless intermediate creatures between the Robinosaurus and the Robin?

Answer: There are NONE! There is no robinosaurus. There is not even one fossil of the millions of supposed intermediate creatures between a robinosaurus and a robin, nor any fossil of any other intermediate form between any dinosaur and bird.

Bird feathers are highly complex structures that vary according to their function. How did dinosaur scales turn into feathers as evolutionists claim? There is no known mechanism for this.

The avian lung has a one-way flow of air through the bird. Reptile lungs in dinosaurs have a two-way flow, in and back out, similar to the mammal lung. How did the dinosaur lung change to function for birds, while continually maintaining its effectiveness through the innumerable supposed mutations.

How did therapods learn to fly? How did the tiny reptilian forelegs of therapods turn into bird wings? How did this happen in such a way that every minor change conferred a survival advantage? Where are all the half-leg/half-wing structures in the fossil record? How did the alternating movement of legs change into the symmetric togetherness of wing movement?

No one has ever sketched out how one of these three required changes could have happened, much less the hundreds of other changes required to turn a therapod robinosaurus into a robin.

The whole idea is simply ludicrous.

How could a therapod dinosaur weighing 100 to 500 pounds evolve into a 3-ounce robin? To think that such a thing happened is not logical.

The Great Creator’s Work

The report in Genesis 1 is clear. Birds did not evolve from dinosaurs. The Great Creator did not make birds from dinosaurs. Birds were created on Day Five before land dinosaurs were created on Day Six.

Birds and dinosaurs are completely separate creations of the Great Creator that glorify Him through their innate being. According to Genesis 1, God created animals to reproduce “after their kind.” Dinosaurs produce dinosaurs and birds produce birds.

The Great Creator made a pair of robins. He did not make a robinosaurus.

Thus the answer to the title question, Robin or Robinosaurus? is Robin! There is no such creature as a Robinosaurus. There never has been. There never will be.

Questions to Ponder

1. What un-trendy truth requires your courage to speak up in your social environment or workplace?
2. What is the most reasonable conclusion about whether birds originated from dinosaurs?

Share your thoughts on this question in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

Read the sequel:
Robins Hatch

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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday May 25, 2022 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Disclaimer: BibleScienceGuy has no control over any advertising that may appear and receives no payment or consideration for it. Ads & “Related” links come from WordPress, not from BibleScienceGuy.

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | May 18, 2022

Strange Giant in the Milky Way

(3 Minute Read plus video. 18May2022)

Sagittarius A*
Event Horizon Telescope image
(Credit: European Southern Observatory)

Could one of the Great Creator’s most curious and mystifying designs be at the center of our own galaxy?
God thunders with His voice wondrously, doing great things which we cannot comprehend. (Job 37:5)

Astronomers believe that at the center of most galaxies are massive black holes.

Black holes are believed to be collapsed stars that are so dense that not even light can escape the gravitational pull of the star. Hence the name, “black hole.”

Sagittarius A*

Astronomers believe there is a supermassive black hole (SMBH) at the center of our Milky Way galaxy. Named Sagittarius A*, it lies about 27,000 light-years from Earth with a mass about four million times that of the sun and a radius of 4.2 billion miles. It is huge!!! (A light-year is the distance light travels in a year, almost 6 trillion miles.)
It is God who does great things, unfathomable, and wondrous works without number. (Job 9:10)

The name Sagittarius A* was coined by astronomer Robert Brown who along with Bruce Balick discovered it in February 1974. Brown appended the asterisk because the discovery was exciting, and excited states of atoms are indicated by asterisks. Subsequently asterisks have been used to denote an object at the center of a galaxy.

The presence of a massive black hole at the center of the Milky Way has long been inferred by astronomers based on the motion of nearby stars. In 2020 astrophysicists Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez won the Nobel Prize in Physics for showing that Sagittarius A* is a supermassive compact object. Their calculations tracking stars orbiting the object yielded evidence that the object was so massive and so dense that it had to be a black hole.

Map of the Milky Way Galaxy
Shows the relative position of the Sun and Sagittarius A* at the center.
(Prepared by Pablo Carlos Budassi for Wikipedia. Click to enlarge.)

Just last week physicists released the first image of Sagittarius A*. It was obtained from the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), a virtual telescope equivalent to a telescope about the size of the entire earth. Signals from eight radio telescopes around the globe were combined.

During five nights in April 2017, astronomers at eight observatories around the world from Spain to the South Pole and from Chile to Hawaii collected nearly 4 petabytes (4,000 terabytes or 4 million gigabytes) of data.

For five years 300 researchers from 80 institutes around the world worked diligently using supercomputers to process, collate, and analyze the mass of data that had been collected. Finally on May 12, 2022, the first image of Sagittarius A* was released.

Here is a four and a half minute video explaining how the EHT obtained a “picture” of Sagitarius A*.

The Great Creator’s Work

The Great Creator has populated His universe with many amazing, very cool objects. Sagittarius A* was completely unknown until the 1970s when radioastronomers noticed a source of radio emissions from the center of the Milky Way galaxy. What other marvels of the Great Creator await discovery in the vast reaches of the universe?
Who does great and unsearchable things, wonders without number. (Job 5:9)

Black holes are certainly some of His most intriguing and most puzzling creations. What is their purpose in the universe? Do they help hold galaxies together?
O LORD, how many are Thy works! In wisdom Thou hast made them all.
(Psalm 104:24)

Sagittarius A* and all black holes should elicit man’s praise to the One who made them and maintains them. We stand in awe of such mind-blowing creations as we wonder about them and as we research what the Great Creator has made.
The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork. Day unto day utters speech, and night unto night shows knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. (Psalm 19:1-3)

Questions to Ponder

1. What Scripture would you give someone who feels that black holes are frightening?
2. What purpose can you imagine for why the Great Creator placed black holes in the heavens?

Share your thoughts on this question in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

Click Best of Bible-Science Guy for lists of the best Bible-Science Guy posts of each year.
Click Bible-Science Guy Table of Contents for a list of all blog posts starting in October 2007.

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday May 18, 2022 A.D.

The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork. Day unto day utters speech, and night unto night shows knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. (Psalm 19:1-3)

Disclaimer: BibleScienceGuy has no control over any advertising that may appear and receives no payment or consideration for it. Ads & “Related” links come from WordPress, not from BibleScienceGuy.

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | May 11, 2022

Kepler and the FRIB

(4 Minute Read plus video. 11May2022)

About to leap — Master rides too slowly!

Woof! Woof!
This is Kepler, Master’s Jack Russell terrier, writing another article for Master’s Bible-Science Guy Blog.

Master nearly scared me half to death last week when he said the FRIB is in Michigan.

What in the world is the FRIB?

Master explained it to me, and I’m going to explain here today about the FRIB and some related sciencey stuff. But first, I need to fill you in on some background.

Master takes me camping a lot, and one time I met a stolid English bulldog with a cool name: Fizzy. His Boy named him that because the boy loves something called Physics.

I had never heard of Physics before, so I asked Master about it. Master said Physics is the study of how the Great Creator has built and ordered His creation. Physicists study the fundamental constituents of matter and energy and how they behave and interact in space and time.

This was a bit more than I could comprehend, but that’s what Master said. I do understand that Physics is the study of what our Great Creator made. I think that’s a simple enough explanation.

Recently I heard that our state has a cool new Physics place called the FRIB. Despite being scared at first, I now like the way that sounds. FRIB means Facility for Rare Isotope Beams, and it is at Michigan State University.

Master said the FRIB shoots a super-fast particle beam, and that sounds really cool to me. I want to go visit it. Plus I’m always interested in things that move fast, but Master says there’s nothing for me to chase at the Michigan FRIB — the beams zip along at about half the speed of light, a bit too fast for me.

I asked Master what good is that. He said it helps national security identify radioactive weapons being used by bad guys. Rare isotope beams are also used in astronomy. Missus said doctors use rare isotopes to attack cancer and to diagnose and treat illness. It all helps scientists better understand God’s creation.

FRIB has a 400-kilowatt linear accelerator that will shoot a particle beam at an atom’s nucleus. The smash-up results in other versions of an element called isotopes.

At the official opening on May 2, the FRIB lab director Thomas Glasmacher said, “FRIB will be the core piece of our nation’s research infrastructure and today we cut the ribbon to begin our mission of enabling scientific discovery. More than 1,600 scientists are eager to come here because we will be the best, most powerful superconducting heavy-ion linear accelerator.”

Here is a 4-minute video on FRIB explaining its role in research and education related to rare-isotope discoveries.

Isotope sounds like a great name for a puppy! Maybe I’d name another pup Ion. Come to think of it, the name Einstein would go well in that litter.

I’ve heard Master talk about a Physics guy named Albert Einstein (1879-1955). One thing Dr. Einstein said is, “The whole of science is nothing more than the refinement of everyday thinking.”
(Albert Einstein, Physics and Reality, 1936)

“Everyday thinking” is something Master loves. Plus Master even likes to think about thinking.
We are destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God, and we are taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ.
(2 Corinthians 10:5)

Being captive means you don’t go to the wrong place. When I ran away from Missus into the woods behind our house several years ago, an angry black-and-white thing sprayed me with a horrible, smelly, yellow-green goo. It burned my eyes a long time, and I had to have so many scrubby baths. My dear doggie friend Lacey did not want to be captive, and she ran away and got hit by a car. So taking our thinking captive keeps us on the right track thinking-wise, the track of obedience to Christ.

Three Things To Do Every Day

Thinking is one of the things that Master does every day. Can you guess the Three Things that he says people should do every day?

I was able to guess them because I live with Master and know what he does.

Here are Master’s Three Things:
1. Think
2. Laugh
3. Pray

I actually made a fourth guess: Read God’s Word. Master said he includes that under “Think” because he has to think to read, and he thinks about what he reads in the Bible.

My Three Things list is different:
1. Eat
2. Run
3. Sleep

Many say that my list is better than Master’s.

When Master was reading about stuff you can’t see, like targeting a nucleus and forming isotopes at that Michigan FRIB, he started talking about Jesus and atoms again. He said Jesus is the Great Creator who made them all and holds everything together.
He is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of all creation. For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities — all things have been created by Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.
(Colossians 1:15-17)

Anyway, that’s how things look from the Kepler Dog House!

Till next time, this is Kepler signing off. Woof! Woof!

Questions to Ponder

1. What is your list of Three Things to do every day?
2. What are the personal implications for you that Jesus holds all things together?

Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

This is the 48th article in a series of blog posts on a precocious Jack Russell terrier named Kepler. Numbers 1-8 are by Kepler’s master, the BibleScienceGuy. Numbers 9-48 are by Kepler himself.
Read the prequels:
1. Why I Named Our Puppy “Kepler”
2. Kepler’s Kind
3. Kepler’s Lopsided Trade
4. Kepler’s Amazing Nose
5. Kepler’s Business Card
6. Kepler & the Psycho Squirrel
(with video)
7. Taunting Kepler
8. Adam and Puppies

The following posts are by Kepler:
9. Who Taught Kepler?
10. Kepler Gets a Buddy
(with video)
11. Kepler Chases a Squirrel (with video)
12. Kepler’s Complaint
13. Kepler’s To-Do List
14. Kepler and the Football Weekend
15. Kepler’s Favorite Store
16. Kepler at a Truck Stop
17. Kepler & Henry Catch a Squirrel
18. Kepler Finds Killdeer Eggs
19. Kepler Finds Robin Eggs
20. Kepler Lives to Tell the Tale
21. Kepler, Bears, & Raccoons
22. Kepler Mentors Henry
23. Kepler Gets a Bear
24. Kepler Finds Strange Eggs
25. Kepler Finds Duck Eggs
26. Kepler Gives Thanks
27. Kepler’s Newest Enemy
28. Kepler Loves Bulldogs
29. Kepler Ponders Snow
30. Kepler Wants to Move to Australia
31. Kepler’s Dating Profile
32. Kepler Meets Skunk
33. Kepler Wants to Be Good
34. Kepler on Guard
35. Kepler Chews On Grammar
36. Kepler for President
37. Kepler for President: Grins & Growls #1
38. Kepler for President: Grins & Growls #2
39. Kepler’s Water Guns
40. Kepler Remembers Henry
(with video)
41. Kepler Gives a Virus Briefing
42. Kepler’s Campaign Advice
43. Kepler Ponders Senescence
44. Kepler’s AK-47
45. Kepler Talks Turkey
46. Kepler Versus the Squirrel
47. Kepler Hates This Word

Read the sequel:
49. Kepler ??? coming soon . . .

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

Click Best of Bible-Science Guy for lists of the best Bible-Science Guy posts of each year.
Click Bible-Science Guy Table of Contents for a list of all blog posts starting in October 2007.

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday May 11, 2022 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Disclaimer: BibleScienceGuy has no control over any advertising that may appear and receives no payment or consideration for it. Ads & “Related” links come from WordPress, not from BibleScienceGuy.

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | May 4, 2022

Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Rock Layers

(4 Minute Read. 4May2022)

The Bible clearly and unambiguously records an amazing truth:
Noah’s Flood was global!
Does evidence exist today of a worldwide flood?

What about rock layers? A flood of water engulfing the entire globe surely would have left geologic evidence of such a disaster. Is there geologic evidence in rock layers today that a flood once covered the entire earth?

Folded Rock Layers

Sedimentary rock layers are water-borne sediments of mud and sand which have been deposited and then solidified. Earth has tens of thousands of feet of sedimentary rock layers, but no single location has all the layers and thicknesses vary.

Folded and bent layers are common. You may have seen examples along a highway where the road has been cut through a hill. It is astonishing to observe that the rock layers were bent without cracking!

Think back to your childhood when you were making dirt roads for toy cars or a playground for your dolls. Suppose you needed a smooth chute, tunnel, or slide, and suppose you borrowed one of your mother’s fine china plates to carefully fold to make a nice channeled ramp for matchbox cars or a slide for little dolls.

What would happen when you folded your mother’s plate? Regardless of whether it was folded slowly or quickly, it would shatter. Even if enclosed by pliable pressure liners, the plate would get busted. And you could not repair it. Your mother’s set of fine china is now missing a plate.

The same thing happens with rock layers. When bent, solid rock layers shatter.

How is it possible for stacks of sedimentary rock layers in canyons and mountain ranges to bend and fold without cracking, breaking, and fracturing? The only way is if they were rapidly laid down by a flood and then deformed while still wet before drying and solidifying.

Bent and folded rock layers are evidence of Noah’s Flood. The walls of most canyons, and in particular Arizona’s Grand Canyon, exhibit many bent and folded layers. The Grand Canyon even has 90-degree folds with no fracturing at the fold.

Mountain ranges throughout the world also have enormous sedimentary rock layers which have been bent and folded without breaking. Evolutionary geologists say the layers were deposited and hardened millions of years before the mountains were uplifted. This is nonsense! The unbroken folded and bent layers show this theory does not make sense. These sediments were laid down by Noah’s Flood and then bent and folded while still wet, soft, and pliable as the mountains were uplifted near the end of the Flood year.

Transcontinental Rock Layers

Every continent has sedimentary rock layers stretching across most of the continent. Some of the layers cover an entire continent, and some layers can be traced through several continents.

These are water-borne sediments laid down by a flood. Their global character indicates a global flood.

Six thick layers in Arizona’s Grand Canyon can be traced continuing across North America. The limestone layers also appear in England containing the same fossils as in the Grand Canyon.

The chalk beds of southern England (white cliffs of Dover) can be traced west into Ireland. They also appear in the American Midwest from Nebraska to Texas. They appear in Western Australia in the Perth Basin. These same chalk beds occur in Europe and the Middle East in France, Holland, Germany, Poland, Scandinavia, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Israel, and Egypt.

These worldwide chalk beds all have the same characteristic strata above and beneath them, and they have the same fossils embedded within. These identical global beds signal a worldwide flood that deposited them.

Coal beds stretching across America and throughout Europe into Russia share the same plant fossils. Coal beds of the southern hemisphere throughout South America, Australia, Antarctica, India, and South Africa are part of a different massive coal bed as they share the same plant fossils, but different ones from the northern hemisphere coal beds.

Layer Boundaries

If the sedimentary rock layers were really laid down successively over millions of years as evolutionists say, the boundaries between layers should show evidence of erosion and age. But this is not what geologists find. In almost all cases, the boundaries are flat, knife-edge abutments with no evidence of erosion, weathering, or plant growth.

There is almost a mile of exposed sedimentary rock layers in Arizona’s Grand Canyon. If these layers were deposited over 500 million plus years as evolutionary geologists believe, one would expect to see evidence of erosion and age at layer boundaries as layers sat exposed for long periods before the next layer was deposited.

But this is not what people see. The existing evidence is consistent with an enormous flood depositing water-borne sediments rapidly one after the other. This is what would have happened in the year-long worldwide flood of Noah’s day as the swollen oceans washed over continents and around and around the earth.

Sandstone Towers

There are examples in the American West of white sandstone towers that have erupted through other, darker-colored sandstone layers. The composition of the sandstone in the tower is the same as the underlying sandstone layer beneath the darker layer. This indicates the bottom layer was still fluid when forced through the overlying layer.

These intruding sandstone towers are strong evidence for rapid deposition of fluid layers without millions of years in between.

In Conclusion . . .

Was the Flood a catastrophic worldwide deluge, or was it only local? Your answer profoundly affects Creation/Evolution perspectives and radically impacts worldview. Only one answer fits the geological evidence.

Sedimentary rock layers are water-borne sediments of mud and sand which have solidified. Some sedimentary layers tens of feet thick extend multi-state; others span continents. Only a global flood would have the power to erode, transport, and deposit such immense quantities of sediment. Sedimentary rock layers covering continents proclaim that a flood once covered the continents. Such regional and continental deposits are found worldwide and indicate a global flood.

Often sedimentary strata are not flat. Very thick layers have been bent and folded without any cracking or breaking. This folding must have occurred before mud and sand layers hardened, implying rapid deposition by a flood. Great mountain chains such as the Himalayas, Alps, Appalachians, and Rockies are sedimentary rock deposited by the Flood which buckled up afterwards.
You covered it with the deep as with a garment;
The waters were standing above the mountains.
At Your rebuke they fled,
At the sound of Your thunder they hurried away.
The mountains rose; the valleys sank down
To the place which You established for them.
You set a boundary that they may not pass over,
So that they will not return to cover the earth.
(Psalm 104:6-9)

Questions to Ponder

1. How can geologists ignore so much evidence for a global flood?
2. What is God doing in your life that you are choosing to ignore?

Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

This is the 14th in a series of articles on Noah. This Noah Series will suggest answers to many of the questions believers and skeptics have about Noah, Noah’s Ark, and Noah’s Flood.
Read the prequels:
1. Think You Know Noah?
2. Did Jesus Think Noah Was Real?
3. How Long Did It Take Noah to Build the Ark?
4. Could Noah Build the Ark in 75 Years?
5. How Big Was Noah’s Ark?
6. Were Dinosaurs on Noah’s Ark?
7. Could Noah Fit All the Animals on the Ark?
8. What Was Noah’s Flood Like?
9. Was Noah’s Flood Global or Local?
10. Life on Noah’s Ark
11. Were Zebras on Noah’s Ark?
12. Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Canyons
13. Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Fossils

Read the sequel:
15. Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Worldwide Memories

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

Click Best of Bible-Science Guy for lists of the best Bible-Science Guy posts of each year.
Click Bible-Science Guy Table of Contents for a list of all blog posts starting in October 2007.

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday May 4, 2022 A.D.

Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth. Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with rooms, and shall cover it inside and out with pitch. This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. You shall make a window for the ark, and finish it to a cubit from the top; and set the door of the ark in the side of it; you shall make it with lower, second, and third decks. Behold, I, even I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish.
(Genesis 6:13-17)

Disclaimer: BibleScienceGuy has no control over any advertising that may appear and receives no payment or consideration for it. Ads & “Related” links come from WordPress, not from BibleScienceGuy.

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | April 27, 2022

Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Fossils

(4 Minute Read plus 2 videos. 27Apr2022)

The Bible clearly and unambiguously teaches an amazing fact:
Noah’s Flood was worldwide.
Does evidence exist today of a worldwide flood?

A flood of water engulfing the entire globe surely would have left evidence of such a disaster. Is there evidence today that a flood once covered the entire earth?

Fossil Evidence

What kind of evidence would one expect to find after reading the historical report in Genesis 7:17-24? The record states that all the high mountains everywhere under the heavens were covered and that all flesh that moved on the earth perished. From this report it should be obvious as to what evidence would result — fossils all over the world!

Noah’s Flood explains fossils, and fossils bear witness to Noah’s Flood. Fossils are petrified remains of once-living plants and animals. The Flood would have laid down great deposits of water-borne sediments full of plant and animal remains. As the sediments solidified into rock, the remains fossilized. Remains must be buried quickly in order to fossilize instead of decaying.

There is much evidence of rapid burial. Sometimes fossilized tree trunks pass through many rock layers. These polystrate fossils prove that layers were deposited rapidly, for otherwise the trees would have rotted away. Rapid deposition of successive layers is also evidenced by razor-sharp demarcations between layers — there is no erosion, no plant growth between layers, no soil formation. Animal tracks, surface ripples, and raindrop marks have all been preserved as fossils. This means they were quickly covered by sediments; otherwise the fossil tracks, ripples, and raindrop marks would not have kept their clearly defined form.

Without rapid burial by flood sediments, dead animals would decay or be eaten, leaving no fossil trace. In the 1800s, hunters slaughtered an estimated 100 million buffalo on the western plains of the USA. After harvesting the hides, the carcasses were left. But no buffalo fossils exist there, despite the vast number slain. Since they were not rapidly buried by flood sediments, the buffalo carcasses rotted away on the plains without being fossilized.

Consider this fossil evidence: on every continent there are fossils of sea creatures high above sea level. There are many kinds of marine fossils in most of the rock layers of Arizona’s Grand Canyon, even in layers well over a mile above sea level. Marine fossils are found high in the Himalayas. Deep-sea limestone (containing ocean-bottom fossils) crowns Mt. Everest at heights over 29,000 feet.

How did these fossils get there? Marine fossils atop all mountain ranges worldwide relentlessly proclaim, “Global Flood!” Fossil-laden sedimentary strata worldwide are indelible records of a global flood.

Scattered throughout the world are massive fossil graveyards with billions of fossilized plants, animals, and sea creatures all jumbled together in broken and disarticulated states. These were quickly buried in Noah’s Flood and fossilized by vast sediment layers deposited quickly.

Wyoming’s huge Green River limestone formation contains fossils from a variety of ecosystems. Fossils abound from swamp creatures (alligators and turtles), fresh water fish, salt water fish, crustaceans, mammals, and birds. How did these creatures from very different habitats happen to get buried and preserved together? It could only have occurred as a result of Flood deposits.

The Fossil Bluff graveyard in Tasmania, Australia has innumerable marine and terrestrial fossils of over 1,000 species, including a whale and a possum. Since whales and possums do not live together, this is evidence of deposition by an aquatic catastrophe.

The Redwall Limestone of the Grand Canyon extends for over 10,000 square miles up through northern Arizona and into southern Nevada. It has billions of nautiloids (a squid-like sea creature) along with numerous other marine fossils.

Other massive graveyards of jumbled fossils are located at the La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles, California, at Florissant, Colorado, and at Mazon Creek near Chicago, Illinois. Well-known international fossil graveyards include Montceau-les-Mines in France and Great Britain’s chalk beds. Others are found across Europe and in the Middle East.

Fossil of a fish eating another fish in the Creation Museum

Fine details like eye structure are preserved in some of the fossils. There are fossils of fish swallowing other fish and a dinosaur giving birth. These are proof of extremely rapid burial in order to capture these actions in stone.

Trillions of tons of vegetation buried in coal beds contain innumerable marine and terrestrial fossils. These occur on every continent including Antarctica.

Here is a 5-minute video on the massive dinosaur graveyard in western North America containing millions of dinosaur fossils. It stretches 1,800 miles long by 1,000 miles wide from Mexico through the US and into Canada. A million square miles contain billions of fossils, including most known dinosaur species along with fossils of plants, birds, marine life, and terrestrial creatures.

In Conclusion . . .

What outcome would you expect based on the Genesis report that a worldwide flood destroyed every living thing on the face of the earth? To answer, Ken Ham of Answers in Genesis coins a memorable phrase, “Billions of dead things buried in rock layers laid down by water all over the earth!”

This record in stone is hard evidence. The worldwide fossil record is a silent witness to a worldwide flood. In fossil graveyards all over the world, thousands of feet above sea level, billions of terrestrial and marine fossils lie jumbled together in death, buried quickly under layers of mud and petrified as rock forms. This is eloquent testimony that oceans in upheaval once washed across continents and covered mountains. It is persuasive evidence supporting the record in Genesis of Noah’s Flood.

Believing the Bible rules out believing that Noah’s Flood was only local. Moreover, the fossil-laden sedimentary strata all over the world are remnants of the Flood still visible today. The Biblical worldview rightly identifies these effects with Noah’s Flood and understands the Flood as God’s global judgment on a sin-soaked world.

Here is Buddy Davis’ catchy earworm tune, “Billions of Dead Things,” emphasizing the fossil record as evidence for Noah’s Flood.

Questions to Ponder

1. Which example of fossil evidence is most intriguing to you?
2. Where could you visit local fossils and ponder the Creator’s amazing lessons of the worldwide flood?

Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

This is the 13th in a series of articles on Noah. This Noah Series will suggest answers to many of the questions believers and skeptics have about Noah, Noah’s Ark, and Noah’s Flood.
Read the prequels:
1. Think You Know Noah?
2. Did Jesus Think Noah Was Real?
3. How Long Did It Take Noah to Build the Ark?
4. Could Noah Build the Ark in 75 Years?
5. How Big Was Noah’s Ark?
6. Were Dinosaurs on Noah’s Ark?
7. Could Noah Fit All the Animals on the Ark?
8. What Was Noah’s Flood Like?
9. Was Noah’s Flood Global or Local?
10. Life on Noah’s Ark
11. Were Zebras on Noah’s Ark?
12. Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Canyons

Read the sequel:
14. Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Rock Layers

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Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
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©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday April 27, 2022 A.D.

Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth. Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with rooms, and shall cover it inside and out with pitch. This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. You shall make a window for the ark, and finish it to a cubit from the top; and set the door of the ark in the side of it; you shall make it with lower, second, and third decks. Behold, I, even I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish.
(Genesis 6:13-17)

Disclaimer: BibleScienceGuy has no control over any advertising that may appear and receives no payment or consideration for it. Ads & “Related” links come from WordPress, not from BibleScienceGuy.

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | April 20, 2022

Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Canyons

(5 Minute Read plus video. 20Apr2022)

Does evidence exist of a worldwide flood?

The Bible vividly underscores Noah’s Flood. The first eleven chapters of Genesis cover the first two millennia of world history, yet four of those chapters, six through nine, describe Noah’s Flood. The report in Genesis describes the Flood as covering the entire earth.

If a flood of water once engulfed the entire globe, surely it would have left evidence of such a disaster. Is there evidence today that a flood once covered the earth?

Canyon Evidence

Which came first, the river or the valley?

Many years ago I spent several days hiking in Cuyahoga Valley National Park south of Cleveland with one of my sons. Cuyahoga is an Indian word meaning crooked, and it aptly describes the river in that valley.

Park signs claimed the valley resulted from millions of years of gradual river erosion. However, I had a completely different opinion regarding the valley’s formation.

Park geologists and I both saw precisely the same facts: a deep broad valley with steep side ravines dwarfing a crooked little river. Yet we had totally different explanations of those facts stemming from radically divergent worldviews.

I thought the valley formed quickly by turbulent run-off from a massive flood — probably Noah’s Flood 4500 years ago. After a flood carved the valley, water draining into the bottom of the valley formed the Cuyahoga River.

The river did not make the valley. The valley came first and caused the river.

This is exactly what happened with the North Fork of the Toutle River in Washington state. When the Mount St. Helens volcano erupted again in 1982, geologists watched a violent mud flow carve an enormous canyon in one day. Shortly thereafter the river formed in the bottom of the new canyon as water drained into it.

The formation of Arizona’s famous Grand Canyon was surely similar. Flood waters or mud flows carved the canyon rapidly.

If canyons resulted from Noah’s Flood, Arizona’s Grand Canyon should not be the only canyon. There should be significant canyons all over America. Is this the case?

It certainly is! There are canyons all over the United States. I myself have personally visited the following 14 impressive canyons throughout the USA that probably resulted from Noah’s Flood:

  • Grand Canyon in Arizona
  • Zion Canyon in Utah
  • Bryce Canyon in Utah
  • Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone in Wyoming
  • Bighorn Canyon in Wyoming
  • Black Canyon of the Gunnison in Colorado
  • Elevenmile Canyon in Colorado
  • Grand Canyon of the East in New York’s Letchworth State Park
  • Niagara Gorge in New York and Canada
  • Watkins Glen Gorge in New York
  • Quechee Gorge in Vermont
  • Tallulah Gorge in Georgia
  • Cuyahoga Valley National Park in Ohio
  • Palo Duro Canyon in Texas
Palo Duro Canyon

In September 2009 I camped in Palo Duro Canyon in west Texas southeast of Amarillo. The rocky vistas of “The Grand Canyon of Texas” took our breath away. It is America’s second largest canyon — 120 miles long, 20 miles wide, 800 feet deep. By comparison, Arizona’s Grand Canyon is 277 miles long, 18 miles wide, 6,000 feet deep.

Official dogma is that the Palo Duro Canyon was formed over millions of years through erosion by the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River. This is a small river flowing through the bottom of the canyon. In many places it is just a tiny stream that you can wade across and in places even easily step across with a single step. I personally stepped across it multiple times during our camping trip visit. Did this tiny river form the huge 20-mile-wide Palo Duro Canyon? No way! Rather, the canyon formed the river.

The canyon likely formed rapidly by turbulent run-off from a massive flood — probably Noah’s Flood 4500 years ago. Floodwaters quickly carved through still-soft, water-deposited sediments to reveal the beautiful layers we see today. After the flood carved the canyon, water collecting in the bottom formed the little river.

Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone

Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone

The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming is 24 miles long, up to 1,200 feet deep, and a half-mile wide.

When we camped at Yellowstone National Park in September 2007, it fascinated me that official Yellowstone literature and Yellowstone tour guides said Yellowstone’s Grand Canyon was cut rapidly in weeks or months — probably by floods from melting ice dams at the mouth of Yellowstone Lake and not by the Yellowstone River in the canyon. That’s a huge departure from their previous “millions of years of river erosion” theory that had been so confidently mongered. I think runoff from Noah’s Flood formed the canyon, or possibly post-Flood glacial action formed it as the earth gradually stabilized in the immediately ensuing centuries following the Flood.

Canyons Worldwide

If canyons resulted from the global Flood of Noah, then North America should not be the only continent with canyons. There should be significant canyons all over the world. Is this the case?

It certainly is! There are massive canyons on all continents. Here are some of the most famous canyons of the world outside the USA:

  • Copper Canyon in Mexico. It is deeper and longer than Arizona’s Grand Canyon.
  • Indus Gorge in the Himalayan Mountains is one of the world’s deepest gorges ranging from 14,800 to 17,100 feet deep.
  • Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon in Tibet is one of the world’s deepest canyons reaching 19,714 feet deep and extending for 313 miles.
  • Kali Gandaki Gorge in Nepal is the world’s deepest canyon at about 36,000 feet from the top of the adjacent mountains to the bottom of the gorge.
  • Fish River Canyon in Namibia. It is Africa’s largest canyon at 100 miles long, 16 miles wide, 600 feet deep.
  • Greenland’s Mega Canyon was discovered hidden under a mile of ice in 2013 using radar data from NASA’s Operation IceBridge. It may be the longest canyon in the world at 460 miles long and a half-mile deep.

Here is a short (1:14) NASA video on Greenland’s Mega Canyon:

In Conclusion . . .

As I have camped at many canyons throughout the country, I have marveled at the scenery. I’ve imagined the titanic forces required to carve out immense canyons and to raise rugged mountains.
The mountains rose; the valleys sank down to the place which Thou didst establish for them. (Psalm 104:8)

Some of earth’s most stunning scenery and most striking geographic features resulted from Noah’s Flood — canyons and badlands of highly intricate formations displaying hundreds of layers of sedimentary rock of varied hues. The evidence truly floods the world. What a terrible trauma Noah’s Flood inflicted! What unimaginable upheaval in geology, geography, and weather systems — evident in so many awesome remnants from the Flood as I have personally witnessed at Yellowstone, Grand Teton, Glacier, Badlands, Bighorn Canyon, and Roosevelt National Parks.

Canyons are evidence of Noah’s Flood, and they occur worldwide. Evolutionist dogma is that canyons formed over millions of years through erosion by the rivers in the canyon bottoms. Sometimes these rivers are tiny, like the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River in Palo Duro Canyon in Texas.

A more rational alternative to the evolutionist view is that most canyons were formed quickly as a result of Noah’s Flood via rapid erosion by flood waters and mud flows.

Dam breaches show the power of water to rapidly transform a landscape. Canyons were formed by a lot of water over a little amount of time, not by little rivers of water over a long time.

Evolutionists love to pronounce, “The present is the key to the past.” This is exactly backwards. The truth is, “The past is the key to the present.” A Biblically-informed understanding of the past explains the present geological condition of the earth by Noah’s Flood.

Was the Flood a catastrophic worldwide deluge, or was it only local? Your answer profoundly affects Creation/Evolution perspectives and radically impacts your worldview. Only one answer fits the geological evidence. The Biblical worldview rightly identifies these canyon effects with Noah’s Flood and understands the Flood as God’s global judgment on a sin-soaked world.

Questions to Ponder

1. What evolutionist mis-information has leaked into your worldview from recent media input?
2. What impressive canyon have you seen? Can you envision its formation through massive runoff from Noah’s Flood?

Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

For Christ and His Kingdom. Soli Deo Gloria. Alere Flammam Veritatis.

This is the 12th in a series of articles on Noah. This Noah Series will suggest answers to many of the questions believers and skeptics have about Noah, Noah’s Ark, and Noah’s Flood.
Read the prequels:
1. Think You Know Noah?
2. Did Jesus Think Noah Was Real?
3. How Long Did It Take Noah to Build the Ark?
4. Could Noah Build the Ark in 75 Years?
5. How Big Was Noah’s Ark?
6. Were Dinosaurs on Noah’s Ark?
7. Could Noah Fit All the Animals on the Ark?
8. What Was Noah’s Flood Like?
9. Was Noah’s Flood Global or Local?
10. Life on Noah’s Ark
11. Were Zebras on Noah’s Ark?

Read the sequel:
13. Evidence of Noah’s Flood: Fossils

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

Click Best of Bible-Science Guy for lists of the best Bible-Science Guy posts of each year.
Click Bible-Science Guy Table of Contents for a list of all blog posts starting in October 2007.

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday April 20, 2022 A.D.

Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth. Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with rooms, and shall cover it inside and out with pitch. This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. You shall make a window for the ark, and finish it to a cubit from the top; and set the door of the ark in the side of it; you shall make it with lower, second, and third decks. Behold, I, even I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish.
(Genesis 6:13-17)

Disclaimer: BibleScienceGuy has no control over any advertising that may appear and receives no payment or consideration for it. Ads & “Related” links come from WordPress, not from BibleScienceGuy.

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