Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | February 3, 2016

Who Was Mrs. Adam?

(3 Minute Read)

AdamEveHug

Mrs. Adam was the first wife and the first mother. She is significant, because Scripture bases foundational teaching on her and her marriage. This special woman set a pattern for all her daughters to follow.

What Was Her Name?

Adam first designated the wife Yahweh prepared for him as Ishah (literally man-ess) or Woman, because she was taken out of man (Genesis 2:23).

Later Adam named his wife Eve (meaning “life”), because she was the “mother of all the living” (Genesis 3:20).

Eve did NOT name herself, nor did Yahweh name her. Scripture is clear: Adam named her both generically and personally. Yahweh named Adam, and Adam named Eve. To name someone is a powerful expression of belonging and attachment.

Why Did God Create Eve?

Yahweh created Eve to be Adam’s companion, helper, lover and mother of his children. Yahweh created Eve for marriage. She and Adam were to be the progenitors of the human race. The very first command God gave them was “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.” (Genesis 1:28)

God created a “She” for Adam’s marital companion, not a “He.” And Adam knew Eve was a “She” from the beginning (Genesis 2:23). God thus set the normative pattern for human marital relationships:
God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. God blessed them; and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”
(Genesis 1:27-28 NASB)

397MakerMenWomen

The pattern is one woman for one man for life, not man with man or woman with woman. Jesus based this standard and this prescription for marriage on the original creation and marriage in Genesis when He said,
“Have you not read that He who created them from the beginning made them male and female, and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.”
(Matthew 19:4-6 NASB)

It’s significant that Jesus drew from both the first two chapters of Genesis (1:27 and 2:24) to establish His doctrine of marriage. Evidently He saw no contradiction between the two chapters, in contrast to many today who insist the chapters conflict.

Eve was equivalent to Adam in nature and being, because she was made out of Adam’s own flesh and bone (Genesis 2:23). But in role or function she was subordinate to Adam. Adam was created first, and Eve was created second. Eve was created for Adam; he was not created for her. This order and purpose of creation is the basis for Paul’s hierarchical placement of woman under man’s leadership (1 Corinthians 11:3,7-12; 1 Timothy 2:11-14).

The Adam-Eve marriage set the pattern and standard for all marriages. On it Jesus based His instruction about the permanence of marriage (Matthew 19:3-6). Paul’s commands for husbands to love and cherish their wives, and for wives to respect and obey their husbands, are grounded on Adam and Eve’s marriage (Ephesians 5:31). This is God’s own design and decree.

Mrs. Adam was created from Adam and
for Adam — to be his helper, companion,
lover, and mother of his children.

Marriage was the first God-ordained social institution, and it is the most fundamental one. Nations are built on communities which are built on families which are built on marriages.

Why are marriage bonds so important? When marriages fail, everything else eventually disintegrates. A nation cannot be strong without strong marriages. This is one reason why divorce is so harmful and so detestable in God’s sight (Malachi 2:13-16). Divorce destroys individuals, families, churches, communities, and ultimately nations.

Who was Mrs. Adam? She was the first wife and the first mother. She set the pattern for all her daughters. She was created from Adam and for Adam — to be his helper, companion, lover, and mother of his children.

Questions to Ponder
  1. What can you do to divorce-proof your marriage?
  2. What can you do to encourage and promote the Biblical pattern for marriage?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the 17th of a series of weekly blog articles on Adam.
Read the prequels:
1. Was Adam in the Garden of Eden?
2. Did Moses Believe in Adam?
3. Did Jesus Believe in Adam?
4. Did Paul Believe in Adam?
5. Does Belief in Adam Matter?
6. Adam and Puppies
7. Why Did Adam Sin?
8. What Should Adam Have Done?
9. What Did Adam Cause?
10. What Was Adam’s Forbidden Fruit?
11. How Long Was Adam in Eden?
12. Was Adam’s Garden of Eden Real?
13. Christmas & Adam
(with videos)
14. Where Was Adam’s Garden of Eden?
15. Did Adam Wear Clothes in Eden?
16. Was Adam Backward or Brilliant?
(with video)

Read the sequels:
Adam’s Dream Girl …coming soon…
Adam’s Princess: Prolific & Problematic
How Many Children Did Adam Have?
How Long Did Adam Live?
Adam and the Gospel

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday February 3, 2016 A.D.

Then the Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper suitable for him.” Out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. And the man gave names to all the cattle, and to the birds of the sky, and to every beast of the field, but for Adam there was not found a helper suitable for him. So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh at that place. And the LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man. And the man said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.” For this cause a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave to his wife; and they shall become one flesh….Now the man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all the living. (Genesis 2:18-24; 3:20 NASB)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | January 27, 2016

Was Adam Backward or Brilliant?

(4 Minute Read)

20120120AdamTest

How intelligent was Adam?

Was he a primitive, grunting savage? Or an average Tom, Dick, or Harry? Or a mind-blowing genius?

People almost always underestimate ancient man. He was smarter, stronger, and probably bigger than men today. Less genetic deterioration had accumulated in the men of history’s earliest centuries than in men today.

Evolutionists claim humans evolved from ape-like creatures over millions of years. They confidently assert that the earliest men were wandering hunters — stooped, grunting savages.

The Bible debunks this portrait. Genesis records that God personally created the first man from dirt and breathed life into the human form He had fashioned in His own image. God named him Adam meaning “earth.” From mud to man by God’s own hand, Adam was the original clay animation!

The earliest men were not hunters. Only after the Flood did God give permission to hunt and kill animals for food — more than 1600 years after Creation. The oldest profession is farming, contrary to a popular misconception. Adam and his first two sons were farmers, not hunters.

From mud to man by God’s own hand,
Adam was the original clay animation!

Adam was no ape-man with ape-like siblings among the animals. Adam was profoundly different from the entire animal kingdom, because he was made in God’s image. No animals were made in God’s image. “For Adam there was not found a helper suitable for him” among the animals (Genesis 2:19-20). Scripture makes a vivid distinction between man and the rest of creation which God commanded Adam to rule (Genesis 1:26-28).

Genesis reports that God formed Adam’s body directly from the dust of the ground:
Then the Lord God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being. (Genesis 2:7)
“Formed” is the Hebrew word “יָצַר” or “yatsar” (Strong’s H3335), also used in Jeremiah 18:2–6 referring to the potter who shapes the clay. This indicates God’s direct formative activity in making and shaping Adam’s body from dust. It negates the common notions of theistic evolution that man developed from animals or from an earlier pre-Adamic race of primitive humans. Genesis is clear: Adam was the first man, created directly by God out of dirt.

How Smart Was Adam?

Adam was smart enough to see through the Serpent’s guile in persuading Eve to eat the Forbidden Fruit. He was not fooled and deceived as Eve was (1 Timothy 2:14).

Far from being a dimwitted inarticulate brute, Adam demonstrated stunning mental prowess by naming the animals on the first Friday (Creation Day Six) all by himself, even before Yahweh created Eve. Adam was the first zoologist and taxonomist!

Impossible?

Some think this naming task impossible to do in a day. But Adam only named “cattle, birds of the sky, and beasts of the field” that God brought to him (Genesis 2:19-20). No fish, sea creatures, insects, or amphibians were named, and he only named kinds, not today’s numerous species descended from the original kinds.

Beasts of the field is probably a subdivision of the beasts of the earth that God created on Day Six (Genesis 1:24-25). Thus Adam probably named birds and only some mammals and a few reptiles.

So for example, Adam named the original dog, now known as a kinardly; he did not have to name Chihuahuas, Great Danes, bulldogs, wolves, coyotes, or any of the other numerous varieties of dog extant today.

You haven’t heard of a kinardly? That was the original dog, because you can hardly tell what kind of dog it was. It possessed the genes for all the variety we see in the dog kind today.

Adam Named the Animals

Adam Named the Animals

How many animal kinds did Adam name? Could he have named them in less than a day?

Creationist taxonomists think the Genesis Kind roughly corresponds to the Family in today’s taxonomic classifications. Exceptions exist of course for some animals, with the kind being above the family for some and below for others.

Research on ancient animal kinds provides data for estimating Adam’s naming job. A creationist veterinarian researched and estimated the number of mammal kinds Noah took on the ark at 350.
(Lightner, Mammalian Ark Kinds, Answers Research Journal, October 31, 2012.)

The IOC World Bird List (version 6.1, 2016) by the International Ornithological Committee classifies 10,616 extant species and 153 extinct species of birds of the world into 241 bird families.

This totals around 600 kinds of mammals and birds.

Thus Adam probably named well under one thousand creatures—certainly a daunting task for a man today, but easily doable for Adam in a few hours. If Adam averaged 5 seconds for each name he made up, he could have named 1,000 creatures in under an hour and a half. If he averaged 10 seconds for each of 720 animal kinds, it still would have taken him only 2 hours.

Quickly thinking up appropriate names for all the different animals was no mean intellectual feat. Far from being somewhat loutish as most scholars suggest for ancient man, Adam demonstrated highly developed intellectual, linguistic, and scientific skills from the very beginning.

Who was the smartest man who ever lived?
Probably the mud-man, Farmer Adam.

Consider innovative thinkers like Aristotle and Socrates, mathematical geniuses like Newton and Gauss, musical prodigies like Mozart, artists like Michelangelo. Every gene for all these amazing talents came from Adam.

Adam and his early descendants likely displayed even far greater capabilities than these men. The historical record in Genesis reveals men who rapidly developed agriculture (Genesis 4:2), animal husbandry (Genesis 4:2, 20), metallurgy (Genesis 4:22), and musical instruments (Genesis 4:21) as they built advanced civilizations. They constructed cities (Genesis 4:17; 11:4-5), huge ships (Genesis 6:13-22), and skyscrapers (Genesis 11:5).

How would Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) look next to Adam? One of the most gifted men of the last millennium, this artist, inventor, and engineer would seem like a retarded imbecile compared to Adam.

Following Adam’s rebellion, the degenerative effects of sin went to work immediately, and his descendants gradually lost what Adam had. After six sin-ravaged millennia of degeneration, it is impossible to imagine how superlative Adam was before the cumulative damages of sin and genetic defects. Who was the smartest man who ever lived? Probably the mud-man, Farmer Adam.

Adam—Crown of Creation!

Adam was the apex of God’s Creation. Shakespeare expresses the greatness of man with his famous “What a piece of work is a man!” quote in Hamlet:

“What a piece of work is a man! How noble in reason, how infinite in faculty! In form and moving how express and admirable! In action how like an Angel! In apprehension how like a god! The beauty of the world! The paragon of animals! And yet to me, what is this quintessence of dust?”
Prince Hamlet speaking to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern in Hamlet, Act II, Scene 2.

Here is a YouTube clip of Kenneth Branagh giving this speech in a production of Hamlet:

Questions to Ponder
  1. Try to think up 10 new words for animal names. How difficult is this?
  2. Why do most people think man today is smarter than early man? Is it connected to the evolutionary mindset under which most people live?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the 16th of a series of weekly blog articles on Adam.
Read the prequels:
1. Was Adam in the Garden of Eden?
2. Did Moses Believe in Adam?
3. Did Jesus Believe in Adam?
4. Did Paul Believe in Adam?
5. Does Belief in Adam Matter?
6. Adam and Puppies
7. Why Did Adam Sin?
8. What Should Adam Have Done?
9. What Did Adam Cause?
10. What Was Adam’s Forbidden Fruit?
11. How Long Was Adam in Eden?
12. Was Adam’s Garden of Eden Real?
13. Christmas & Adam
(with videos)
14. Where Was Adam’s Garden of Eden?
15. Did Adam Wear Clothes in Eden?

Read the sequels:
17. Who Was Mrs. Adam?
18. Adam’s Dream Girl
19. Adam’s Princess: Prolific & Problematic

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday January 27, 2016 A.D.

The Lord God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”
Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’” The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die! For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate.
(Genesis 2:16; 3:1-6)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | January 20, 2016

Who Taught Kepler?

(3 Minute Read)

TetherJug

Woof! Woof! This is Kepler, Master’s Jack Russell terrier. I’m writing an article for Master’s blog.

Master is the BibleScienceGuy, and he said I could write about what I did on a recent camping trip. This will be short — Master needs the computer.

I caught another chipmunk!!!
This is my 3rd kill!!!

When we go camping, Master has been hobbling me with a plastic water jug​ tied to the end of my 15-foot-tether as shown in this picture to keep me from running too far away​.

This 8-lb-weight slowed me down till it sprang a leak and lost half the water. Now I can run fast again with only a half-gallon to drag.

My amazing nose keeps me informed of all the chipmunk activities around our campsite. They run around untethered and get into everything. It was up to me to put a stop to it. (Master cannot catch them; he is too slow. He can’t even find them, because he can’t smell them. He has a great big beautiful nose, but despite its size, it doesn’t work very well.)

My catch is in the leaves at my feet

My catch is in the leaves at my feet

I ran down the trail from our campsite dragging the jug through the woods behind me and caught one of the sassy little critters.

I stood over my kill looking at Master through the woods hoping he would leave the campfire and come see my work. Finally he and Missus came.

They were very excited for me and said what a good job I did. Master told me that I glorify my Creator by doing very well what He well-designed me to do.

I was so proud and very pleased with Master’s praise! I am very good at catching chipmunks. You have to be very fast and very quick to catch these shifty little varmints. I kill them instantly so they don’t suffer. I’m a lean, mean, chipmunk-catching machine.

I carried the chipmunk back to camp in my mouth

I carried the chipmunk in my mouth

I buried the chipmunk and Missus took me back to our camp. I immediately ran back to get my chipmunk. I dug it up and carried it back to camp in my mouth. I reburied it twice more.

There are still way too many chipmunks in that campground. I’m going to fix the problem next time we camp there.

You can read about my other kills if you want on Master’s blog. Master wrote about my catching a big black squirrel that got in our house in Kepler & the Psycho Squirrel. He wrote about my first chipmunk kill in Taunting Kepler.

Even though my Wirehaired Vizsla playmate Sanna is almost three times my size now, I am ahead of her on kills, 3-0. I will show her how to do it next time I visit her.

The Creator designed Sanna to point and retrieve birds; I don’t think He designed her to catch squirrels and chipmunks like He designed me to do. So I think I will stay the Chipmunk Champ.

Master sometimes asks people, “Who taught Kepler how to catch chipmunks and squirrels?” Nobody ever taught me how to do it. I just know.

Master tells people, “The Creator built this capability into Kepler’s DNA. Imagine the complexity of that coding job! No human has any idea how to write that code in the DNA.” (Don’t ask me about DNA. I don’t know. But that’s what I hear Master tell people.)

I'm wearing my superhero cape

I’m wearing my superhero cape

Master says that asking
“Who taught Kepler?”
is a question like many of the questions God asked Job some 4,000 years ago. The Creator used such questions to demonstrate His profound wisdom to Job:
“Can you hunt the prey for the lion,
Or satisfy the appetite of the young lions,
When they crouch in their dens
And lie in wait in their lair?
Do you give the horse his might?
Do you clothe his neck with a mane?
Is it by your understanding that the hawk soars,
Stretching his wings toward the south?
Is it at your command that the eagle mounts up
And makes his nest on high?”

(Job 38:39-40; 39:19,26-27 NASB)

I feel like a superhero when, as Master says, I “do very well what God well-designed me to do.” Missus even made me this superhero cape that I’m modeling here with Master. This is how I glorify my Creator — by doing very well what God well-designed me to do.

Here are questions to think about that I got from Master.

Questions to Ponder
  1. How do your pets glorify their Creator?
  2. How do you glorify your Creator through tasks He has given you to do?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Read the prequels on our puppy Kepler:
1. Why I Named Our Puppy “Kepler”
2. Kepler’s Kind
3. Kepler’s Lopsided Trade
4. Kepler’s Amazing Nose
5. Kepler’s Business Card
6. Kepler & the Psycho Squirrel
7. Taunting Kepler
8. Adam and Puppies

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday January 20, 2016 A.D.

But now ask the beasts, and let them teach you;
And the birds of the heavens, and let them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and let it teach you;
And let the fish of the sea declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And the breath of all mankind?
(Job 12:7-10)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | January 13, 2016

Did Adam Wear Clothes in Eden?

(4 Minute Read)

20020930-Clothes

Have you ever stopped to wonder,
Why do people wear clothes?

Many times throughout the year clothes are not needed for warmth or protection from the elements. So why do people wear them anyway? Why are people and cultures worldwide driven to wear clothes of some sort?

Discussing the history of clothing, Wikipedia says, “The wearing of clothing is exclusively a human characteristic and is a feature of most human societies.”

According to evolutionists, humans are just animals. But no animals naturally wear clothes. If “wearing clothes” naturally evolved as humans purportedly evolved from lower animals, one would expect some animals would wear clothes. But none do.

Evolutionists have no explanation for clothes. But Genesis explains the reason for clothes. Adam and Eve started it.

So, did Adam wear clothes in Eden? The answer is both “No” and “Yes.”

There was no need for clothing before sin. Adam and Eve did not wear clothes in the Garden of Eden before they sinned by eating the Forbidden Fruit. They lived naked in perfect ease.

And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.
(Genesis 2:25 NASB)

The need for clothing followed sin. After sin, clothing was needed to cover shame and forestall more sin.

When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings. (Genesis 3:6-7 NASB)

Every time you get dressed,
you proclaim the truth of Genesis!

Genesis alone has the explanation for why people wear clothes – Modesty. Every time you see someone wearing clothes, it is silent testimony to the truth of Genesis. Thus every single day of your life you see evidence of the truth of Genesis. Every time you get dressed, you proclaim the truth of Genesis!

Adam and Eve sewed fig leaves together for loin coverings (Genesis 3:7).

Adam’s and Eve’s sin affected them immediately. This transpired in rapid succession:
They sinned.
Their eyes were opened.
They realized they were naked.
They made loin coverings from fig leaves.

Why did they feel the need to cover themselves? They were the only two people on earth. Prior to sinning, they were naked but not ashamed (Genesis 2:25). Why were they ashamed after sin?

Why did they only make loin coverings? Why didn’t they make coverings for other parts of the body?

Their sin of disobedience “opened” their eyes, and they realized that they were naked. Apparently after the fall there is a deep, mysterious connection between sin and shame on the one hand and exposing the human reproductive organs on the other.

AdamEveSkins

Animals do not wear clothes and do not exhibit shame. Yet in societies worldwide people feel shame when without clothes. This fact validates the literal interpretation of the historical account in Genesis. Genesis alone provides a reasonable “doctrine of clothing.”

Later Yahweh Himself made garments of skin for Adam and Eve and clothed them (Genesis 3:21). In the process of obtaining the skins for their clothes, Yahweh probably sacrificed animals for their sin and taught them about blood sacrifices that were later more fully described by Moses in Leviticus.

These blood sacrifices of animals were foreshadowings of the perfect and effective sacrifice for sin that would eventually be made by Jesus 4,000 years later on the cross in Jerusalem. (Hebrews 10:1-14)

Clothing Today

People spend an inordinate amount of time and money today on clothing.

The vast majority of mall stores are haberdasheries; they are focused on selling some form of clothing.

I like pockets!

The BibleScienceGuy likes pockets!
My jacket has 5 pockets, shirt 2, pants 6.
Each garment has the minimum acceptable
number of pockets. Even my hat has a
pocket, & I have a pouch pocket attached
to my belt. This totals 15 essential pockets.

Think of all the advertising slogans like “Clothes make the man” that are intended to sell more clothes. According to advertisers, you need different clothing for every different activity of life and different clothes for different times of day.

Contrary to the opinion of many, style is not the main point of clothes. Today clothing has three main purposes: first – modesty, second – pockets, third – warmth & protection. Style is not one of them.

Commenting on style, playwright Oscar Wilde (1854–1900) said, “Indeed what is a fashion really? A fashion is merely a form of ugliness so absolutely unbearable that we have to alter it every six months! It is quite clear that were it beautiful and rational we would not alter anything that combined those two rare qualities.”
(From Wilde’s essay The Philosophy of Dress, New York Tribune, April 19, 1885, p 9.)

Look in your closet. Do you have more apparel than you need?

Could you reclaim time and money for more valuable pursuits by reducing the amount spent on clothing?

Kepler likes pockets too! Dogs don't need clothes to cover shame, but they need pockets.

Kepler likes pockets too!
Dogs don’t need clothes to cover shame, but
pockets are great for kindling, food, water.

Here are Jesus’ words of sanity regarding clothing:
“For this reason I say to you, do not be worried about your life, as to what you will eat or what you will drink; nor for your body, as to what you will put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing? … And why are you worried about clothing? Observe how the lilies of the field grow; they do not toil nor do they spin, yet I say to you that not even Solomon in all his glory clothed himself like one of these. But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the furnace, will He not much more clothe you? You of little faith! Do not worry then, saying, ‘What will we eat?’ or ‘What will we drink?’ or ‘What will we wear for clothing?’ For the Gentiles eagerly seek all these things; for your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.” (Matthew 6:25, 28-33 NASB; see also Luke 12:22-31)

Clothing was not just an issue solely for Adam and Eve. Because of their sin, all their descendants are sinners. Clothing is a necessity today to prevent the sin of lust and the sins of fornication and adultery which follow.

Jesus said,
“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery’; but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.” (Matthew 5:27-28 NASB)

The Apostle Paul wrote,
Likewise, I want women to adorn themselves with proper clothing, modestly and discreetly, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly garments, but rather by means of good works, as is proper for women making a claim to godliness. (1 Timothy 2:9-10 NASB)

The Apostle Peter also instructed wives to be chaste:
In the same way, you wives, be submissive to your own husbands so that even if any of them are disobedient to the word, they may be won without a word by the behavior of their wives, as they observe your chaste and respectful behavior. Your adornment must not be merely external—braiding the hair, and wearing gold jewelry, or putting on dresses; but let it be the hidden person of the heart, with the imperishable quality of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is precious in the sight of God. (1 Peter 3:1-4 NASB)

Scripture is clear: because of sin, modest clothing is necessary.

Jesus’ instructions on how to pray are so valuable with regard to our own and others’ clothing choices:
Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.
Forgive us our sins, as we have forgiven those who sin against us.

(Matthew 6:13,12 NASB)

Questions to Ponder
  1. Do you have clothes that are immodest or that verge on being immodest?
  2. How many pairs of shoes do you have? Do you truly need to keep buying more?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the 15th of a series of weekly blog articles on Adam.
Read the prequels:
1. Was Adam in the Garden of Eden?
2. Did Moses Believe in Adam?
3. Did Jesus Believe in Adam?
4. Did Paul Believe in Adam?
5. Does Belief in Adam Matter?
6. Adam and Puppies
7. Why Did Adam Sin?
8. What Should Adam Have Done?
9. What Did Adam Cause?
10. What Was Adam’s Forbidden Fruit?
11. How Long Was Adam in Eden?
12. Was Adam’s Garden of Eden Real?
13. Christmas & Adam
(with videos)
14. Where Was Adam’s Garden of Eden?

Read the sequels:
16. Was Adam Backward or Brilliant? (with video)
17. Who Was Mrs. Adam?

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday January 13, 2016 A.D.

The Lord God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”
Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’” The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die! For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate.
(Genesis 2:16; 3:1-6)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | January 6, 2016

Where Was Adam’s Garden of Eden?

(4 Minute Read)

Eve's new signs
Stone slab pictograph from
Adam's Diary by Mark Twain

According to Mark Twain, the Garden of Eden was in the vicinity of Niagara Falls. In fact Mark Twain first published a version of Extracts from Adam’s Diary (1904) under the title The First Authentic Mention of Niagara Falls in 1893 in Buffalo, NY.

According to Twain’s version of Adam’s Diary, Eve re-named the Garden of Eden Niagara Falls Park.

Early Mormon leaders taught that the Garden of Eden had been situated in Jackson County, Missouri.

These two locations for the Garden of Eden are doubtful. But other locations suggested for Eden by historians and archaeologists are more possible. These include the Arabian peninsula, Iraq, Turkey, Egypt, and Lebanon.

What does the Bible say about the location of Eden?

Where Was the Garden of Eden?

The Lord God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed. Out of the ground the Lord God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers. The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there. And the name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the whole land of Cush. And the name of the third river is Tigris; it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates. (Genesis 2:8–14 NASB)

Where Eden

Traditionally Eden has been thought to be in the Middle East, because Genesis 2:10 says it was located at the source of a river which divided into 4 rivers: the Pishon, Gihon, Tigris, and Euphrates rivers.

In thinking about where Eden may have been located based on Biblical clues, it’s essential to remember this: the surface of the earth was totally restructured by the Great Global Flood of Noah’s day. The Apostle Peter says the Flood destroyed the world (2 Peter 3:6). The Flood changed mountains and valleys (Psalm 104:6-9), so it surely changed the course of rivers, including potentially reversing their direction of flow.

Because of the upheaval of Noah’s Flood, it is now impossible to say for sure where the Garden of Eden was located. It was destroyed by the Flood, and all landmarks were obliterated.

The present Tigris and Euphrates rivers are in the Middle East. They flow over two-mile-thick Flood sediments into the Persian Gulf. Thus they are not exactly the same rivers as the ones that split off from the Eden River.

Today’s Tigris and Euphrates rivers were probably named by Noah and his sons after the big rivers they remembered from before the Flood. Since the topography of the earth was drastically changed by Noah’s Flood, today’s locations of the rivers could be different from their pre-Flood locations.

However, Moses’ description of the Tigris as flowing east of Assyria suggests that the Tigris may be in about the same location as before the Flood. Flood waters draining off the land surely created big river channels like today’s Tigris, Euphrates, Nile, Amazon, and Mississippi.

Euphrates River

The Pishon and Gihon were destroyed by Noah’s Flood. They do not match any present day rivers. Some rivers have been proposed as candidates, and some dried up riverbeds (like the Kuwait River) have been suggested, but today nothing matches the geography Genesis describes: 4 major rivers diverging from a common source river.

This is a very unusual description. Today rivers flow into one another as tributaries. Rarely if ever do big rivers divide into subrivers. Today rivers start from a single source or from a confluence of other rivers. For example, the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers flow together at Pittsburgh to form the Ohio River. The Mississippi River starts as a small stream flowing out of Lake Itasca in northwestern Minnesota. The Ohio flows into the Mississippi River at Cairo, IL. Other major rivers which flow into the Mississippi include the Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Cumberland, and Red rivers.

The Eden River flowed out of the Garden of Eden and then split into four major rivers. This is the opposite of the river behavior we most commonly see today. This is one reason why it’s difficult to locate Eden. Nothing matches this pattern.

EuphratesTigrisMap

If the Tigris and Euphrates flowed the other direction before the Flood due to different topography, and if the old Kuwait River is all that remains of the mighty Pishon of Havilah, and the Gihon is the Abay river of Ethiopia (Cush), then with different topography the four rivers could have flowed out of the Persian Gulf region.

This would fit the Genesis 2 description if Havilah referred to part of Arabia or Africa, especially if the Red Sea did not exist before Noah’s Flood. This would place Eden in the Persian Gulf region, possibly now under water in the Gulf, or even in the Arabian Sea.

Nobody knows to what land Havilah referred. Genesis describes it as having gold, bdellium (an aromatic gum resin), and onyx stone. Even now, parts of Arabia, especially Yemen, have these products.

Satellite radar photographs have indicated the existence of many ancient dried up river beds in the Middle East and Africa. Some (like the Kuwait River) could be the old Pishon or Gihon rivers. For example, recently the large river that once drained the Sahara Desert and much of northern Africa has been discovered (see Sahara Desert Once Ran with Water, USA Today, Nov 10, 2015).

The first-century Jewish historian Josephus said the Gihon was Egypt’s Nile River and the Pishon was the Ganges River of India. This was widely believed for centuries. John Calvin even says that many of his day in the 16th century went along with this. However, if true, this would require a very different topography and river flow direction from what we see today. It’s not clear where Eden would be in this case — maybe underneath the Black Sea.
(Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book 1, Chapter 1, Paragraph 3.
John Calvin, Commentary on Genesis, Volume 1, Note on Genesis 2:10.)

Garden Of Eden

An alternate location is eastern Turkey where the Euphrates and Tigris originate. The old Pishon and Gihon rivers could be other rivers in the region like the Karasu and Murat rivers.

Others place Eden in Armenia, from whence flowed the four rivers: Tigris, Euphrates, Phasis, and Araxes.

Some believe the Garden of Eden was in Lebanon. This is based on Ezekiel 31:16 which mentions “all the well-watered trees of Eden, the choicest and best of Lebanon.”

Garden of Eden — Unknown But Real

Although we cannot know Eden’s location because of the mammoth destruction of Noah’s Flood, it was certainly a real place on earth. The geographical details specifying its location recorded in Genesis rule out Eden being fictional. (See Was Adam’s Garden of Eden Real?)

The Garden of Eden may now be covered by the Persian Gulf or the Arabian Sea or the Black Sea or the Mediterranean Sea. It is undoubtedly covered by hundreds or even thousands of feet of sediment from Noah’s Flood. But no one knows where Eden was. We can only speculate based on clues in Genesis.

Nevertheless, the Garden of Eden was certainly an actual geographical location somewhere on earth at the beginning of history around 6,000 years ago.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Where on earth do you think the Garden of Eden was physically located?
  2. Are the cherubim still posted outside the Garden of Eden to guard the way to the Tree of Life in the middle of the garden (Genesis 3:24)?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the 14th of a series of weekly blog articles on Adam.
Read the prequels:
1. Was Adam in the Garden of Eden?
2. Did Moses Believe in Adam?
3. Did Jesus Believe in Adam?
4. Did Paul Believe in Adam?
5. Does Belief in Adam Matter?
6. Adam and Puppies
7. Why Did Adam Sin?
8. What Should Adam Have Done?
9. What Did Adam Cause?
10. What Was Adam’s Forbidden Fruit?
11. How Long Was Adam in Eden?
12. Was Adam’s Garden of Eden Real?
13. Christmas & Adam
(with videos)

Read the sequels:
15. Did Adam Wear Clothes in Eden?
16. Was Adam Backward or Brilliant?
(with video)
17. Who Was Mrs. Adam?

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday January 6, 2016 A.D.

The Lord God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”
Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’” The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die! For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate.
(Genesis 2:16; 3:1-6)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | December 31, 2015

Best of 2015

(4 Minute Read)

Best Of 2015

It’s the last day of the year, and this is the 52nd and last weekly blog post of the year. I hope that the Bible-Science Guy Blog has informed, challenged, and perhaps even stirred you in 2015.

Here are some of the year’s blog highlights.
Don’t miss the recap below of the
Best Bible-Science Guy Articles from 2015.

In 2015, 54,814 distinct readers from 180 countries viewed this blog 89,169 times. This is a 61% increase in distinct readers and a 65% increase in views over 2014. And that does not count all the blog subscribers who read the blog posts by email. This year the blog followers have increased by over 200 to reach 1587 blog followers at year’s end.

The Top Ten countries in descending order of total views were USA, Canada, UK, Australia, South Africa, Philippines, India, Germany, France, and Norway.

Monday was the most popular day to read the blog with 16% of the blog views occurring on that day. This means viewership is fairly evenly spread throughout the week, since an equal distribution of views would have 14.3% per day of the week.

Click 2015 Bible-Science Guy Articles for a list of the 52 new articles posted on the Bible-Science Guy Blog in 2015. Additionally, ten blog articles from 2007 were migrated from a defunct previous host to BibleScienceGuy.wordpress.com.

The Bible-Science Guy Blog started in October 2007. It now comprises 421 posts, 87 newspaper articles, and 10 tab pages for a total of 518 items. During 2015, 512 of these items were viewed at least once. Over the life of the blog, 111,123 different visitors have viewed the blog 242,233 times.

The busiest viewership day of the year was April 19 with 990 views. How Many Died in Noah’s Flood? was the most popular post that day. Surprisingly, this article was not posted in 2015 but the previous year in June 2014.

The five articles with the most views during 2015 were all published in prior years. Of the 101 articles with 100 or more views during 2015, only 12 were published in 2015. This illustrates the continuing relevance of the Bible-Science Guy blog articles.

Here are the Top Five articles with the most views during 2015:

How Many Died in Noah’s Flood? (Jun 18, 2014) – 19,644 views.
Tower of Babel – Where? (Mar 13, 2013) – 6,583 views.
Tower of Babel – What Did It Look Like? (Mar 20, 2013) – 5,577 views.
Could Noah Fill the Earth? (May 28, 2014) – 2,752 views.
Tower of Babel – How Many Languages? (Apr 24, 2013) – 2,147 views.

 

The Best Bible-Science Guy Articles from 2015

Here are my choices for the best Bible-Science Guy Blog posts from 2015, listed in order of publication date. I chose the posts I liked best — the ones I found most interesting, most important, or best written. I included those that accumulated the most views or stimulated the most comments.

Kepler's Nose

Kepler’s Amazing Nose (Jan 14)
Who designed and engineered noses? While humans may consider eyes their most valuable sense organs, our Jack Russell terrier Kepler lives by his nose. He is continually waving it about to catch an abundant cornucopia of odors. Noses warn of danger, detect minute invisible chemicals, filter noxious elements, destroy germs, sense direction, generate pleasurable sensations, provoke powerful emotions, and give the breath of life. Who could even imagine, much less create, such a phenomenal multi-purpose tool? Read Kepler’s Business Card to learn how Kepler helps us share the Gospel.

PatternsExodusNileBlood

Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Did It Happen? (Jan 29)
Is the Bible’s account of the Israelites’ Exodus from Egypt a myth? A recent documentary, Patterns of Evidence: Exodus, boldly confronts the general consensus of opinion among archaeologists, Egyptologists, and scholars that the Exodus never happened. This is the first of a series of 5 articles on this outstanding documentary which presents abundant evidence to support the historicity of the Exodus.
The second article of the series, Patterns of Evidence: Exodus – Facing the Facts (with video), was the most-viewed article of 2015 and the one that stimulated the most comments. The first, third, and fourth articles in this series were the second, third, and fourth most-viewed articles of 2015 respectively.

Billy Sunday Outfield

Evangelist Is a Creationist (Mar 18)
This man became one of America’s most popular athletes. It stunned the nation when he left baseball to preach the Gospel. But eventually he became the country’s most popular preacher. His passion for the truth electrified America with vigorous, unapologetic Biblical preaching. His lively physical antics on stage riveted listeners’ rapt attention. He preached the Word of God to over 100 million people, and estimates of conversions at his tabernacle meetings run to over one million. Both hearers and conversions are believed to number more than anyone else prior to Billy Graham. This is the first of four articles covering this dynamic evangelist’s baseball career, ministry career, teachings, and position on creation/evolution.

Questions That Reveal (Apr 22)
Have you ever wished you could zero in on the position of a Christian church, school, or organization? Frequently it’s difficult to cut through the warm-fuzzies talk, the inspirational fluff, and the Christianized cliches in order to find out the real truth. Here are five trenchant questions you can use to quickly discern the worldview of any person or organization.

V838 Monocerotis

He Made the Stars Also (Apr 29)
Ponder the mysteries of this astronomically astounding statement from Genesis 1:16: “He (Yahweh) made the stars also.” How many stars are out there anyway? The sequel Naming the Stars considers the difficulties of God’s naming all the stars (Isaiah 40:26). How many star names could you think up?

Noah & Archimedes (May 13)
Noah’s descendant, the Greek mathematician Archimedes of Syracuse (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC), explained why objects float or sink. Noah himself, a master shipbuilder and daring sea captain, surely understood the principle that Archimedes subsequently published over 2,000 years after the Great Flood.

Mystery Structure Casts Doubt on Evolution (May 27)
What was the mystery structure that I rescued and re-purposed whose hardware components are pictured here? How can someone recognize intelligent design in these components but refuse to see it in DNA, the most complex information system in the universe? Imagine throwing metal and wood into a cement mixer; let it churn for a million years. Will it ever produce the components needed for this mystery structure?

Jupiter and its 4 Galilean Moons (top to bottom): Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto.

Is There Alien Life in Space? (Jul 22)
The notion that life exists in galaxies far, far away has long intrigued mankind. Could it be true? No definite evidence of life on other planets or asteroids or in distant galaxies has ever been found. But a mammoth new effort is now underway to exhaustively search for alien life.

Key to Scientific Success (Sep 9)
The job of the scientist is to study the works of the Lord with the goal of understanding His work. The User Manual from the Creator contains the secret to scientific success.

Ignoring God’s Clues (Sep 16)
All over the globe the evidence of Noah’s Flood is clear, but men insist on obfuscating and storytelling to suppress the truth. Noah’s Flood explains the geology of the earth. Throughout the world Yahweh has left abundant clues to Himself and His work. We ignore them at our peril.

AdamEveSnake

Was Adam in the Garden of Eden? (Sep 23)
Genesis is a hotly debated book. For a decade or so Genesis has been under a new assault. The claim is that Adam never existed. According to those who imagine that mankind evolved over millions of years, Adam and Eve are mythical and have no place in human history. Does the historical existence of Adam matter? What does the Bible teach about Adam? This is the first of a series of articles on Adam in which I discuss such questions. Other intriguing questions covered include:
Did Jesus Believe in Adam?
Does Belief in Adam Matter?
Adam and Puppies
What Was the Forbidden Fruit?
What Should Adam Have Done After Eve Ate?
How Long Was Adam in Eden?
Why Does Scripture Call Jesus Adam?

The series on Adam will continue in 2016 with Where Was the Garden of Eden? along with other Adam-related topics.

BrightonSnowBSG

The Frost of Heaven (Nov 25)
The God who “hurled a great wind on the sea” to drive Jonah to repentance controls all creation — from sparrow deaths, to storm paths, to rulers’ rise and fall. This includes the storm that snowed us in at a campground with one foot of snow the weekend before Thanksgiving.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Which is your favorite of all the 2015 Bible-Science Guy Articles? Why?
    (It does not have to be one from this Best of 2015 list.)
  2. Which do you think is the best article to share with unbelievers to stimulate their consideration of Jesus of Nazareth?
  3. Which do you think is the best article to share with believers to spur them to honor, worship, and glorify the Creator?
  4. What topics would you like to see addressed in 2016?
  5. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Peruse the other Best of Bible-Science Guy lists:
Top Ten Bible-Science Guy Blog Posts
Best of 2013
Best of 2014

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click
SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Thursday December 31, 2015 A.D.

For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and made it holy. (Exodus 20:11)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | December 23, 2015

Christmas & Adam

(2 Minute Read)

Adoration of the Shepherds
He who holds the universe together
humbled Himself to be born as a man.
(By Italian Guido Reni, 1575–1642)

Christmas Blessings to all the readers of the Bible-Science Guy Blog!

This week we celebrate the birth of the greatest man who ever lived!

Two thousand years ago in Bethlehem in the land of Israel, a baby was born and placed in a manger. By the standards of the day, his parents were undistinguished — a carpenter and a homemaker.

Yet this baby grew to be the most influential man of history. Who was He? And why does Scripture refer to Him as Adam?

He is One to whom none other can compare. Throughout the ages, leaders of nations have claimed many august titles. Military officers have earned numerous honors. Politicians have boasted strings of official titles. Scholars have accumulated multiple degrees.

But for this one Man of history, His titles far surpass all others, both in quantity and quality. The titles ascribed to the Baby from the Manger include Prince of Peace, Last Adam, Lion of Judah, Son of God, Everlasting Father, Wonderful Counselor, Savior, Mighty God, King of Kings, Christ, Son of Man, and Lord of Lords.

This man is also rightly titled Creator and Sustainer: He undergirds all of science and nature, “for by Him all things were created, and in Him all things hold together” (Colossians 1:16,17). The universe and all it contains would disintegrate apart from the moment-by-moment sustaining power of this eternal God-man.

Jesus Titles

There is no mistaking the holder of so many honorifics. Jesus of Nazareth is the most titled man in history! There are over 300 Names and Titles of Jesus in the Bible. Merely to read aloud all the titles of worth, dignity, and honor ascribed to Him in Scripture takes a full five minutes.

This man is the Second Adam. He came to fix the sin and death problem created by the First Adam and to begin a new, regenerated race of mankind.

So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living soul.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual. The first man is from the earth, earthy; the second man is from heaven. As is the earthy, so also are those who are earthy; and as is the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly. Just as we have borne the image of the earthy, we will also bear the image of the heavenly. (1 Corinthians 15:45-49)

Christmas celebrates the arrival of this Second Adam 2,000 years ago in Bethlehem. When speaking to the First Adam in the Garden of Eden, the Lord God alluded to the Second Adam by a veiled reference when He cursed the serpent:
ChristmasTravel
“And I will put enmity
Between you and the woman,
And between your seed and her seed;
He shall bruise you on the head,
And you shall bruise him on the heel.”

(Genesis 3:15)

God Almighty sent the Second Adam to rescue humanity from sin. This mission was the most critical and most difficult task of history–a job nobody else could do.

The task was to pay the penalty for sin by dying as a sinless man in man’s stead. Had the Second Adam failed, all men would be destined for hell. The Resurrection was proof that the Second Adam successfully completed His mission (Acts 17:31).

The Second Adam, Creator of heaven and earth, the Lord Christ our Redeemer, came to redeem man as the representative of the human race. This is the One whose birth we celebrate at Christmas. He alone is worthy of devotion, obedience, and worship.

Come Behold the Wondrous Mystery is a recent Christmas hymn. Released in 2013, the theme of the song is to contemplate the wondrous mystery of the Last Adam‘s Incarnation (God born in human flesh), Crucifixion, and Resurrection. It culminates with our future glorious hope of eternity. The second verse calls the subject of this wondrous mystery the “Better Adam“:

See the true and Better Adam
Come to save the hell-bound man

Here is a rendition of the hymn (3:43):

Here’s a 2-minute YouTube Christmas video from Living Waters on the meaning and reason for Christmas:

Questions to Ponder
  1. What is your favorite “name” or title for the Second Adam? Why?
  2. The Second Adam is the reason for the season. How do you plan to honor Him?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Click Christmas Articles to read my other blog posts on Christmas topics.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the 13th of a series of weekly blog articles on Adam.
Read the prequels:
1. Was Adam in the Garden of Eden?
2. Did Moses Believe in Adam?
3. Did Jesus Believe in Adam?
4. Did Paul Believe in Adam?
5. Does Belief in Adam Matter?
6. Adam and Puppies
7. Why Did Adam Sin?
8. What Should Adam Have Done?
9. What Did Adam Cause?
10. What Was Adam’s Forbidden Fruit?
11. How Long Was Adam in Eden?
12. Was Adam’s Garden of Eden Real?

Read the sequels:
14. Where Was Adam’s Garden of Eden?
15. Did Adam Wear Clothes in Eden?
16. Was Adam Backward or Brilliant?
(with video)
17. Who Was Mrs. Adam?

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday December 23, 2015 A.D.

And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, in order to register, along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child. And it came about that while they were there, the days were completed for her to give birth. And she gave birth to her first-born son; and she wrapped Him in cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. And in the same region there were some shepherds staying out in the fields, and keeping watch over their flock by night. And an angel of the Lord suddenly stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them; and they were terribly frightened. And the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid; for behold, I bring you good news of a great joy which shall be for all the people; for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. (Luke 2:4-11)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | December 16, 2015

Was Adam’s Garden of Eden Real?

(4 Minute Read)

20060515-ParadiseTwice

Was the Garden of Eden where Adam and Eve began their lives a real place?

Did the Garden have real plants like flowers, vines, and trees? Did it have a real river with flowing water? Or was the Garden of Eden only an imaginative, mythical utopia?

Most scholars consider the Garden of Eden to be mythological. Even William F. Albright, the dean of Biblical Archaeology, believed Eden was a myth:

“Since the story of Eden is evidently a legend of composite character, perhaps folkloristic, but certainly embellished by the erudition of some scribe or school with somewhat hazy geographical conceptions, we must clearly follow the usual methods of comparative mythology and folklore.”

“Accordingly, we may feel assured that the story of Eden arose in Palestine under Mesopotamian influence and when embellished with geographical details was amalgamated with Egyptian conceptions, thus illustrating the interplay of Egyptian and Mesopotamian elements in Palestinian syncretism most beautifully.”
(W. F. Albright, The Location of the Garden of Eden, The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, University of Chicago Press, Vol. 39, No. 1 (Oct., 1922), pp. 17, 27.)

Does the Bible depict the Garden of Eden as a mythological location? What does the Bible teach about Eden? Does it present the Garden of Eden as historical and geographical fact or as a mythical fantasy, as so many scholars would have us believe?

The Garden of Eden — A Geographic Reality

Eden’s location may be an enigma to us today, but it was an actual place on earth. Eden was not a legend, symbol, or myth. The Garden of Eden was a historical and geographic reality.

Scripture’s geographical specifics for the location of the garden rule out Eden’s being fictional. In fact, the location information given in Genesis is much more detailed than that for most other Biblical sites.

The Lord God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed. Out of the ground the Lord God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers. The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. The gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there. The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the whole land of Cush. The name of the third river is Tigris; it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

Then the Lord God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it. The Lord God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.” (Genesis 2:8-17 NASB)

EdenRiver

The straightforward details of this passage indicate a real Garden with a real river. The compass direction “east” is specified for Eden. What would a compass direction mean if Eden were mythical?

Landmark rivers flowing from Eden’s river are named. Physical lands where they flowed are named and described. Even today, man still uses rivers as boundaries and landmarks for real, physical locations.

Furthermore, Genesis explicitly reports that Yahweh Himself planted the Garden of Eden and placed Adam in it (Genesis 2:8,15). Trees grew there including the Tree of Life and the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. How could the real man Adam be placed in a mythical place?

Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil in the middle of the Garden of Eden. Their disobedience brought sin and death and centuries of trouble into Yahweh’s perfect creation. Sin and death are obviously real consequences in real time affecting real lives of real people, including you and me. So Adam’s rebellion in eating the Forbidden Fruit must have been real. So the tree that produced the fruit must have been real. Therefore the Garden in which it grew must have been real.

Only tangible, physical fig leaves would provide the covering the guilty couple sought (Genesis 3:7). This requires a real fig tree in Eden from which they procured the real leaves. A real fig tree requires a real garden in which to grow.

AdamEveHide

Genesis also reports that Yahweh walked in the garden and that Adam and Eve hid in the garden after they sinned (Genesis 3:8). You can’t walk or hide in a mythical garden.

Later Yahweh drove Adam and Eve out from Eden, and He stationed guarding cherubim on the east side of Eden. So Eden had to be a real place. You can’t put a man in a mythical place and then kick him out of a mythical location. You don’t need to station guards to prevent entry to a mythical place.

Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, knowing good and evil; and now, he might stretch out his hand, and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live forever” —— therefore the Lord God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to cultivate the ground from which he was taken. So He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life. (Genesis 3:22-24 NASB)

Cain’s exile was described relative to Eden: he settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden (Genesis 4:16). Since Nod must have been a real place to which Cain went, then specifying its location relative to Eden means Eden must have been a real place also.

The author of Genesis obviously intended the Garden of Eden to be understood as a real geographic place.

The prophets Isaiah (51:3), Ezekiel (28:13; 31:9; 31:18; 36:35), and Joel (2:3) all reference Eden as a real place.

The Garden of Eden is now undoubtedly covered by hundreds or even thousands of feet of sediment from Noah’s Flood; it is probably impossible to locate. Nevertheless, the Garden of Eden was certainly an actual geographical location somewhere on earth at the beginning of history around 6,000 years ago.

It is clear that the Bible teaches that the Garden of Eden was a historical and geographic reality. It was a real place on earth. Jesus believed what Moses wrote in Genesis, and He expected others to believe it also (John‬ ‭5:46-47). Those who claim Jesus as Lord must accept His view as their own.

Questions to Ponder
  1. Where on earth do you think the Garden of Eden was physically located?
  2. What are the logical and theological ramifications of a disbelief in the Garden of Eden?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the 12th of a series of weekly blog articles on Adam.
Read the prequels:
1. Was Adam in the Garden of Eden?
2. Did Moses Believe in Adam?
3. Did Jesus Believe in Adam?
4. Did Paul Believe in Adam?
5. Does Belief in Adam Matter?
6. Adam and Puppies
7. Why Did Adam Sin?
8. What Should Adam Have Done?
9. What Did Adam Cause?
10. What Was Adam’s Forbidden Fruit?
11. How Long Was Adam in Eden?

Read the sequels:
13. Christmas & Adam (with videos)
14. Where Was Adam’s Garden of Eden?
15. Did Adam Wear Clothes in Eden?
16. Was Adam Backward or Brilliant?
(with video)
17. Who Was Mrs. Adam?

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday December 16, 2015 A.D.

The Lord God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”
Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’” The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die! For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate.
(Genesis 2:16; 3:1-6)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | December 9, 2015

How Long Was Adam in Eden?

(2 Minute Read)

ForbiddenFruit

How long was Adam in the Garden of Eden before he ate the Forbidden Fruit?

Scripture does not explicitly say how long after Creation the Fall occurred. Based on some Scriptural hints, I think it happened soon — within a week to a month.

Jesus seems to hint that the Fall occurred near the Beginning when He described Satan as “a murderer from the beginning” (John 8:44). The serpent’s lie to Eve resulted in death to Adam and Eve and death to all their descendants, certainly qualifying Satan as the murderer Jesus says he was “from the beginning.”

Adam was 130 at Seth’s birth which followed Cain’s murder of Abel. The population had to be fairly large at that time because Cain worried about people killing him as he wandered the earth. No children were born before the Fall, so the Fall must have been close to Creation in order to produce a significant population from multiple generations in at most 130 years. (Genesis 5:3; 4:25; 4:1-15)

A more particular indication of how long Adam was in Eden may be deduced from Eve’s timeline. Eve was the first wife and mother, created to be Adam’s companion and helper and to bear his children. Her first child Cain was conceived after expulsion from Eden (Genesis 4:1). Before the Fall, the human reproductive system would be working perfectly, and Adam and Eve would be in complete harmony. God had commanded them to be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth (Genesis 1:28). Prior to the Fall, they would have been obedient to this first command from Yahweh. Their physically perfect bodies could have conceived in the first reproductive cycle.

Why didn’t Eve conceive in the Garden of Eden? I think it was because Adam and Eve must not have stayed in Eden long enough to reach the fertile portion of a reproductive cycle. Provided the cycle was the same length before the Fall as after the Fall, they were probably expelled from Eden within two weeks, at most a month, after Creation. They may have only been in the Garden of Eden for a few days.

Satan, who tempted Eve to sin, must have rebelled and fallen from his state of perfection after Yahweh pronounced all of Creation “very good” on Day Six (Genesis 1:31) and before Adam’s fall not long thereafter.

Questions to Ponder
  1. How long would you have lasted in Eden before succumbing to Satan’s temptation to eat the Forbidden Fruit?
  2. What lie against God’s truth is Satan dangling before you today?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the eleventh of a series of weekly blog articles on Adam.
Read the prequels:
1. Was Adam in the Garden of Eden?
2. Did Moses Believe in Adam?
3. Did Jesus Believe in Adam?
4,Did Paul Believe in Adam?
5.Does Belief in Adam Matter?
6.Adam and Puppies
7.Why Did Adam Sin?
8.What Should Adam Have Done?
9.What Did Adam Cause?
10.What Was Adam’s Forbidden Fruit?

Read the sequels:
12. Was Adam’s Garden of Eden Real?
13. Christmas & Adam
(with videos)
14. Where Was Adam’s Garden of Eden?
15. Did Adam Wear Clothes in Eden?
16. Was Adam Backward or Brilliant?
(with video)
17. Who Was Mrs. Adam?

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday December 9, 2015 A.D.

The Lord God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”
Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’” The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die! For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate.
(Genesis 2:16; 3:1-6)

Posted by: BibleScienceGuy | December 2, 2015

What Was Adam’s Forbidden Fruit?

Eve offers Adam the Forbidden Fruit

Eve offers Adam the Forbidden Fruit
In this picture the Forbidden Fruit looks
similar to a hand grenade — it certainly
blew up all of creation.

Why is a man’s larynx called an
Adam’s apple?

The term originally came from the notion that the Forbidden Fruit of the Garden of Eden was an apple, and a piece stuck in Adam’s throat when he swallowed it.

Many people think Adam’s Forbidden Fruit was an apple, largely because the Forbidden Fruit appears as an apple in so many illustrations. Is this correct?

The World Book Encyclopedia says,
“Many people believe an apple was the fruit that, according to the Bible, Adam and Eve ate in the Garden of Eden.”
(World Book Encyclopedia, 1990, vol 1, p 570)

Even Mark Twain, who should have known better, identified the Forbidden Fruit as an apple in his humorous Extracts from Adam’s Diary (1904). According to Twain, he translated the Extracts from Adam’s original hieroglyphics. While humorous, they often deviate from Scripture.
(See the BibleScienceGuy series Adam’s Diary.)

Was the Forbidden Fruit an apple?

Twain's Title Page

Mark Twain’s Title Page

The Forbidden Fruit could not have been an apple. Yahweh clearly specified the allowed food for man and beast:
Then God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; and to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the sky and to every thing that moves on the earth which has life, I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so. (Genesis 1:29-30 NASB)

The allowed food included “every plant yielding seed” and “every tree which has fruit yielding seed” and “every green plant.” Apple trees are green plants and apples are fruit with seeds, so they were permissible food. Therefore an apple could not have been the forbidden fruit.

Other suggestions for the Forbidden Fruit include pomegranate, citron, pear, and quince. But all these contain seeds, so these conjectures are wrong.

The pseudepigraphic Book of Enoch says the Forbidden Fruit “resembled grapes extremely fine and its fragrance extended to a considerable distance” (1 Enoch 31:4). This is picturesque, but the Book of Enoch is outside the canon of Scripture and does not carry the authority of God’s Word.

Michelangelo (1475–1564) depicted the Forbidden Fruit as a fig in his painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Since Adam and Eve sewed fig leaves together to cover themselves after they sinned (Genesis 3:7), some have suggested the Forbidden Fruit was a fig. But figs have seeds, so that’s out.

Scripture does not identify the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. It was probably more appealing than Eden’s most succulent peach, its most delicious grapes, or its most delectable pear. Eve was surely familiar with the fruit of Eden which undoubtedly far surpassed what we eat today. Yet the Forbidden Fruit was still “a delight to the eyes” for her (Genesis 3:6) and successfully tempted her. The Forbidden Fruit was surely a fruit that no longer exists.

20060327-GreetingCards

If You Were in Eden…

Would you or I have done better than Adam and Eve when tempted by the Serpent in Eden?

If we were the ones in Eden, would we have eaten the Forbidden Fruit?

I believe the answer is YES. Every one of us would have eaten. Adam was the best possible representative to take the obedience test. He was created perfect directly by Yahweh Himself. Yet he failed. He chose disobedience.

Thank God that the Second Adam (Jesus of Nazareth), who was under far more duress and in much less favorable circumstances than the First Adam, did not fail. He chose obedience.

Like Adam, we humans fail to keep Yahweh’s law — on a daily basis.

Jesus’ instructions on how to pray are therefore so valuable:
Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. (Matthew 6:13)
Forgive us our sins, as we have forgiven those who sin against us. (Matthew 6:12)

Questions to Ponder
  1. Would you have eaten the Forbidden Fruit in Eden?
  2. What strategy have you found most successful for overcoming temptation?
  3. Share your thoughts on these questions in the comments below. It could encourage or help another reader.

Soli Deo Gloria.

This is the tenth of a series of weekly blog articles on Adam.
Read the prequels:
1. Was Adam in the Garden of Eden?
2. Did Moses Believe in Adam?
3. Did Jesus Believe in Adam?
4. Did Paul Believe in Adam?
5. Does Belief in Adam Matter?
6. Adam and Puppies
7. Why Did Adam Sin?
8. What Should Adam Have Done?
9. What Did Adam Cause?

Read the sequels:
11. How Long Was Adam in Eden?
12. Was Adam’s Garden of Eden Real?
13. Christmas & Adam
(with videos)
14. Where Was Adam’s Garden of Eden?
15. Did Adam Wear Clothes in Eden?
16. Was Adam Backward or Brilliant?
(with video)
17. Who Was Mrs. Adam?

Bible-Science Guy logo

Subscribe – Don’t miss future blog posts!
Click the sidebar’s “SUBSCRIBE” button to follow the
Bible-Science Guy Blog. You’ll automatically receive
new posts free by email. Click SUBSCRIBE NOW!

©William T. Pelletier, Ph.D.
“contending earnestly for the faith”
“destroying speculations against the knowledge of God”
“for the defense of the gospel”
(Jude 1:3; 2 Cor 10:5; Phil 1:16)
Wednesday December 2, 2015 A.D.

The Lord God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”
Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’” The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die! For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate.
(Genesis 2:16; 3:1-6)

Older Posts »

Categories

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,603 other followers

%d bloggers like this: